Child Observations

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– Observations can be used to identify individual needs by using milestones or criteria’s. These observations are mainly for intellectual development, social development, physical development and communicational development. If a child is not reaching their age and stage milestone, a number of observations can be used to identify if there is a barrier stopping the child’s development. A barrier can include an additional need. This can range from hard of hearing to autism and so on. Things such as hard of hearing can be corrected by hearing aids and autism can be helped by being a part of a one-to-one plan, but some may need help for the rest of their lives. Observations taken early in children’s developments can help identify a child’s individual …show more content…

Narrative observations/free descriptions are complex but this is one of the best ways to observe a child’s social development. A narrative observation includes writing a detailed piece of work that normally lasts for about 2/3 min’s. This observation enables practitioners and parents to get a better understanding as to why the child is acting a certain way. Target Child observations are similar to this as it is very detailed. This observes all aspects that a child does daily. Another form of observations are time samples, these are good for observing children’s behaviours if there is a concern. An event sample would be an observation to confirm a child’s behaviour, different methods can then be trailed to see if the child’s behaviour changes. Lastly the anecdotal records are written in the past tense, these are also written in great detail, and this is the best observation to see how a child has developed over an amount of time. This observation should be made at different times and situations. CAT tests (cognitive ability tests) are for children in secondary schools (yr7 and yr9) to help understand what class groups to be in and what tests to take as part of their …show more content…

Things like ill health and hospital appoints have an effect on a child’s development for example, due to a diagnosis of diabetes, which requires a number of hospital appointments. Every child is unique and some children’s development may be delayed due to a pre-existing health condition. An additional need a child may be affected by is Foetal alcohol syndrome where the child has been exposed to large amounts of alcohol during their mother’s pregnancies. This condition varies due to the stage the child was at during the womb and how much and when the mother was drinking. This can make a child have memory difficulties and difficulty communicating along with the condition cerebral palsy, another neurological condition. Learning disabilities can have an impact on children’s intellectual development; this may be because of dyslexia, dyspraxia and ADHD. Each school has a SENCO (special educational needs co-ordinator) which will help the child/family to ensure that a IEP (individual education plan) will be put in to place for any addition need that the child may have. Children with additional needs may be affected by peers that think they are ‘different’ affecting the child’s social and emotional development. Cerebral palsy, a neurological condition that affects the movement, co-ordination and gross motor skills

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