Carl Rogers 's Person Centered Therapy

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Theory Carl Rogers developed person centered therapy, also known as client centered, non-directive or Rogerian therapy, in the 1930s. The person centered therapy, differs than other typical formal therapy, against directive and psychanalytic approach. Rogers believed that the therapy should take place where there is a close personal relationship between the client and the therapist. Rogers rejected the traditional hierarchical relationship between the client and therapist, and view the clients as equals by using the term “client” instead of “patient”. In person-centered therapy, the client determines the general direction of the therapy while the therapist ask informal clarifying question to promote client’s self-insight and self-understanding. Person centered therapy became associated with human potential perspective began from 1960s. From human potential perspective, human are inherently good and our behavior is motivated by a drive which is helps us to reach our fullest potential. Person centered therapy based on the concept of self- actualization, which is a term stem from the human potential perspective. It emphasis that humans are trustworthy and positive at their core, have the capability to live positive and effective lives, and are able to make positive changes and move to forward if given the right growth fostering condition (Corey, 2010). There are extensive researches supports the effectiveness of person centered therapy with a wide range of clients and problems of all age groups. The principles and philosophy of this approached are adopted by most of therapists. These are the reasons for me to choose person centered therapy as the topic of this essay. Goal Increasing self-esteem and openness to experience are two... ... middle of paper ... ...elf-actualization, the therapist merely provides an environment where clients can engage in focused, in depth self-exploration. Expectation of client The expected result from the client include improving self-esteem; making decisions by trusting one’s inner feelings and experiences; be able to learn from mistakes; decrease insecurity, defensiveness, and guild; establish more positive and comfortable relationship with other; increase willingness to accept new experiences. Outcome studies indicate that the humanistic therapy and person-centered therapy creates stable changes which are substantial compare to untreated people. Humanistic therapy has shown to be effective in treating clients with depression or relationship issues. Other form of humanistic therapy, however, appears to be more effective than person-centered therapy which gives more advice to the client.
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