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Canada's Political Systems

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Across the political landscape, there are countless different ways that political systems operate. These systems do not have all their conventions enshrined by law, and are often the result of institutional frameworks. One of these institutional frameworks that influence Canada’s political system is the idea of party discipline within the House of Commons. The strict nature that parties operate in has lead to many aspects of Canada’s political system being affected. This essay will take an in depth look into the workings of party discipline as it exists in Canada. It will be argued that party discipline has formed and created many parts of the Canadian political system as it currently exists. This will be shown by examining the aspects of the system that have been influenced. These include the regional conflicts that go on throughout the country, the rise in popularity of third parties and the increased attention that the Prime Minister gets during elections. Following this, it will be examined the benefits and drawbacks of strict party discipline. With this setup, it will be shown the importance of party discipline and the effects it causes. In an attempt to narrow the focus, politics at the national level will be focused on and any reference to legislatures or other institutions should be viewed nationally unless otherwise noted. Before an in depth look at how party discipline influences Canada can happen though, its history and definition must be examined.

Whether a country has a parliamentary or presidential system, whether it is democratic or autocratic, political parties exist and flourish all over the world. One of the major ways that parties in various countries differ is by the way that the leadership enforces the rest...

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...he way of their party. The second impact was the rise of smaller, regional parties, particularly in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. The third influence discussed was having many Canadians vote based on party, and not based on the local MP. After looking at the influences that strict party discipline has had, the discussion over whether to relax party discipline was examined. Each side of the discussion was explained, and their side of the argument displayed. As has been shown by this essay, party discipline is a very important part of the development of Canadian politics. It has controversially influenced many aspects of the Canadian political system, as the argument over its strictness demonstrates. Overall, for better or worse Canada’s political parties system of strict discipline will continue to influence the country’s direction for the foreseeable future.
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