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Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press. Pammett, Jon, and Lawrence LeDuc. 2003. Explaining the Turnout Decline in Canadian Federal Elections: A New Survey of Non-Voters. Ottawa: Elections Canada.
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Canada has been using a single-member-plurality (SMP) electoral system, also known as first-past-the-post (FPP), which carries numerous problems for the consolidation of truly democratic elections. It is this particular kind of system that degrades the vote of Canadian citizens. This paper argues that Canada needs a new voting system due to the mechanics of the FPP system; they allow for the creation of minority governments; create disproportion between seats and votes; makes voting a matter of geographic circumstances rather than political preferences; and, generates lack of representation of both citizens and political parties. To argue which kind of electoral system best suits Canada at the national or provincial level goes beyond the scope of this paper. Nevertheless, many scholars agree that Proportional Representation (PR) would be a better choice of representation.
With MMP people can finally vote for who they want to rather than choose who the majority may prefer. A change in the electoral system of Canada will create a more fair and just Parliament governing the citizens. Nelson Wiseman feels that many are unaware of the complexity... ... middle of paper ... ...ess back to the citizens. Proportional representation is almost always acknowledged as the fairest electoral system. With this in mind, many still reject a mixed member proportional system.
In Canada they are called the low income cut off, or LICO, measurement and the market basement measure, or MBM, measurement. The LICO measurement is individuated to Canada whereas the MBM measurement is a worldwide standard. Of the two the LICO measurement of poverty is most relevant for Canadian politicians. This because a relative measurement allows for policy makers to understand poverty based upon what it means to be impoverished by a Canadian standard rather than worldwide standard. Despite this the LICO measurement is still imperfect and cannot be considered a complete formation for policy makers since it produces peculiar results and appears to be unfixable.
A Canadian could also be a “sovereigntyphobe”, refusing to see the liquefaction, albeit political, of the second largest country in the world. However, in this era of multiculturalism, could the current immigration flow help us determine what is a Canadian and, to an extent, what is Canada? Is multiculturalism a Cerberus of Canadian identity? In the 1970s, Pierre Elliott Trudeau decided to use multiculturalism as a “way of dealing with discontent over the report of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism1.”. According to some groups, this report dealt primarily with French and English linguistic issues and did not pay enough attention to issues referring to other groups within the Canadian population.
35-54 Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications, 2010. Williams, Russell A. "Canada's System of Representation in Crisis: The "279 Formula" and Federal Electoral Redistributions." The American Review of Canadian Studies 35.1 (2005): 99,134,210. ProQuest.
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Toronto, Canada: Canadian Scholars? Press, 2000. 89-99. McMurty, John. "Caging the Poor: The Case Against the Prison System."