As well, Federal systems tend to be made up of multiple parts, which do not necessarily work together (Brock 2008, 3). There has been an increase on the study of federalism in recent years, which has created a more in-depth look at how federalism impacts the government. (Farfard Rocher 2009, 294). There are two aspects of federalism and both of them put limitations on the influence of the prime minister. The first is called political asymmetry; this encompasses the various attitudes of the different provinces such as the culture, economic, social and political conditions and how it shapes the relationship between the provincial and federal governments (Brock 2008, 4).
One significant tool the prime minister possesses is “… the power to make a multitude of senior governmental and public service appointments both at home and abroad,” (Mellon 164). Mellon goes on to state the significance the prime minister has when allowed to appoint the government’s key member... ... middle of paper ... ...n of their cabinet, while others may choose to create a new political path without consulting the views of their party. Mellon thinks that the Canadian government is under dictatorial scrutiny, whereas Barker contradicts this belief. The idea of a prime-ministerial government is certainly an over exaggeration of the current state of Canada. There are too many outside and inside forces that can control the powers the Prime Minister of Canada.
Of course, there is some sort of doubt that these political parties of Canada run a central role when it comes to discourse. Therefore, the only way to have a better understanding of present-day Canadian politics, it is necessary to look towards Canada’s political systems of parties, the definition and structure of it, how each party system grew over the years, as well as its functions for the answers that could possibly be valid to this. This paper will seek to discuss the historical aspect of the Party Systems of Canada. Moreover, explain how each one of the five parties functioned, how they sought to serve Canada to get Canadians to vote. It will go into deep detail about the parties to get a clear understand of what was going on within Canadian politics when it comes to the Party Systems as well as its structure.
Canada was once a liberal internationalist country, and Harper changed this dramatically during his time in Ottawa. The major question that will be asked about this is whether Harper’s foreign affairs have changed the way in which the world associates itself with Canada. The next section would be whether or not Canada as a whole currently things of itself as a peacekeeping nation. In today’s society many adults are continuing to tell their children that Canada is a peacekeeping country, and while that may have been true in the time that they grew up themselves, it may no longer be accurate. This section will analyze public opinion of Canada as a peacekeeper and address the main question that this paper will attempt to solve: is Canada still a peacekeeping nation?
Lester B. Pearson was the prime minister at this time and he thought that the idea of Canada choosing a new flag would make Canadians have a stronger feel of nationalism for their country. Lester B. Pearson quoted, “I believe that today a flag designed around the maple leaf will symbolize and be a true reflection of the new Canada” (Quinian et al, 2008:226). The maple leaf is a very important symbol on the Canadian flag for our country, it has been the Olympic uniforms since the 1920s, and it was used to classify Canadian soldier in b... ... middle of paper ... ...l had different ideas and had the debate go on four a long time and had difficulty agreeing on the final decision. We are asked to live our lives for Christ and do everything for the glory of God. The Canadian flag debate resulted in a symbol that shows that Canada has a shared feeling of identity.
With the demand for labour increasing in Canada, the immigration laws needed to be changed in order to allow for an increase in immigration once again. Though, this is not to say all dissimilarity elements of immigration were eliminated” (Haque 20). Opposition toward multiculturalism remains strong in Québec, while they participate in programs, which fund multiculturalism, their general stance often remains negative (Cardozo 170-171). This longstanding dislocation between the French and English stems back to a time where Quebec was looking for equality as the bulk of major economic institutions were oriented towards an English-speaking way of life. It was not until the Quiet Revolution where the voices of Quebecers were surfacing, as they demanded equality and the mobilization of their language rights (Haque 21).
The role of the Supreme Court of Canada has changed throughout history, having different effects on the Canadian government. The interpretation of the division of powers between the federal and provincial governments by the Supreme Court has changed substantially through the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, peace, order and good government clause, province inabilities, and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Previous to the... ... middle of paper ... ...en introduced with new issues of jurisdiction like environmental issue that were not their main concern previously. Furthermore, with the introduction of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms again changed how the Supreme Court interprets division of power, because they have a new factor they have to take into account. Recently the role of the Court has not been as substantial as it was in the 19th and 20th century in determining the division of powers between the two levels of governments.
Strengthening Canadian Democracy The views of Canadians In the report by Paul Howe and David Northrup titled, “Strengthening Canadian Democracy: the Views of Canadians” Policy Matters 1:5, Canadians attitudes towards government including questions about electoral system reform, representation and the rate of veter turnout. (Howe & Northrup, 2000) After reading, this report it is clear that many Canadians find many issues of their government to be unacceptable. One of the most menacing concerns is in the form that government attains office. The voting process, the form in which Canadians are represented by their Members of Parliament, and the first past the post method of election. The debate about electoral reform is not a new issue it has been discussed for quite some time, but with the recent studies, “Concerns about the relationship between a party’s share of the popular vote in an election and the number of seats it receives”(Howe & Northrup, 2000) has been given more attention.
After looking at the influences that strict party discipline has had, the discussion over whether to relax party discipline was examined. Each side of the discussion was explained, and their side of the argument displayed. As has been shown by this essay, party discipline is a very important part of the development of Canadian politics. It has controversially influenced many aspects of the Canadian political system, as the argument over its strictness demonstrates. Overall, for better or worse Canada’s political parties system of strict discipline will continue to influence the country’s direction for the foreseeable future.
Nationalism with Quebec is a prime example of how distinct regional cultures hinder Canada’s unity, as they want to separate from Canada, while still having the federal Canadian government financially support them. Western Alienation is also a prime political culture that is regionally distinct. This paper will prove how regionalism is a prominent feature of Canadian life, and affects the legislative institutions, especially the Senate, electoral system, and party system as well as the agendas of the political parties the most. This paper will examine the influence of regionalism on Canada’s legislative institutions and agendas of political part... ... middle of paper ... ...-PolicyBook_E.pdf>. Henderson, Ailsa.