(2007, August 15). A military guide to terrorism in the twenty-first century. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/terrorism/guide.pdf Weismann, G. (2004, December). Cyberterrorism: How real is the threat? (Special Report 119).
President Truman’s vision of the CIA was a peacetime intelligence agency that provided early warnings in the event of an attack. After President Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, a loophole was found. The National Security Act “instructed the CIA to correlate, evaluate, and disseminate intelligence and to perform ‘other functions and duties related to intelligence affecting the national security’ ” (Weiner 2007). The CIA used this wording of ‘other functions’ to conduct secret operations overseas and to practice cloak and dagger methods in obtaining intelligence. Since its establishment over sixty years ago, the CIA’s implementation of cloak and dagger intelligence gathering has evolved to developing a componen... ... middle of paper ...
When the 2004 IRTPA was being developed it called for centralization as its main fix to the issues it was meant to handle. However, this was not the first time this sort of push was attempted. In 1947 the National Security Act provided many new centralized aspects for intelligence, this included the National Security Council (NSC), the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), as well as the creation of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The CIA after World War II became the premier in civilian intelligence gathering and analysis and was run by its own director of the CIA who was also the DCI. The DCI in this case acted as the principal intelligence advisor to the President as well as the newly formed NSC while also maintaining their duties to run and operate the CIA and its functions and missions.
Journal of International Affairs, 60, 138. Harris, S. & Aid, M. (2013, August 26). Exclusive: CIA Files Prove America Helped Saddam as He Gassed Iran. Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/08/25 secret_cia_files_prove_america_helped_saddam_as_he_gassed_iran Watson, B.
Foust, Joshua. PBS- "What's Wrong with the U.S. Intelligence Community". Jul 22, 2011. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/need-to-know/voices/what%E2%80%99s-wrong-with-the-u-s-intelligence-community/10612/ (accessed Aug 19, 2011). Redd, Johnn Scott. Congressional Statement .
CIA Research Paper The Central Intelligence Agency is the President’s independent foreign intelligence arm, responsible to him through the Director of National Intelligence and the National Security Council, and accountable to the people of the United States by interaction with the intelligence oversight committees of Congress. The CIA has many duties within those boundaries and performs a variety of functions through many forms of intelligence. They employ people from all backgrounds of academic study, from linguists to economists, along with people from varied ethnic backgrounds to work as specialists. It is a large agency with many responsibilities, but most importantly they perform critical work for the President regarding international intelligence. The Central Intelligence Agency’s main responsibility is stated in its Vision statement: “We will provide knowledge and take action to ensure the national security of the United States and the preservation of American life and ideals” (www.cia.gov).
2010. csi-studies/studies/vol51no3/legacy-of-ashes-the-history-of-cia.html>. Horton, Scott. “CIA Misled Congress, Schakowsky Charges”. Harpers.org. The Harper’s Magazine Foundation, 29 Oct. 2009.
30 Feb 2011. http://www.ftc.gov/os/statues/itada/itadact.htm Identity Theft and Identity Fraud. The United States Department of Justice. 14 Feb 2011. http://www.justice.gov/criminal/fraud/websites/ idtheft.html Katel, Peter. "Identity Theft." CQ Researcher 10 June 2005: 517-40.