Building A Police Force : Preventing Crime And Disorder Among Society

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The initial objective of establishing a police force was to prevent crime and disorder among society (Peak & Glensor, 2012). Politics, corruption, and the demand for reform helped to decentralize police agencies and establish a relationship with the police and members of the community. Also, concerns with civil rights violations, increased violence, economic struggles, and desires for a personalized relationship with citizens helped community oriented policing and problem solving emerge (Peak & Glensor, 2012, p. 20). Community oriented policing and problem solving opened the door for the police and the public to work together to solve problems. Community policing consists of community partnerships, organizational transformation, and problem solving. Law enforcement officials form partnerships with the community to establish or rebuild trust. Also, community partnerships are designed to implement solutions to problems within communities (Community Policing Defined, 2014). Member of law enforcement may form alliances with individuals, non-profit businesses, and private entities to discuss problems and create solutions. Furthermore, prosecutors, health and human services, child support services, schools, probation and parole, and members of the legislation may form relationships with law enforcement officials and the community to create safer communities (Community Policing Defined, 2014). According to the Department of Justice, (2014), community policing is “a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.”... ... middle of paper ... ... policing the community. According to Greene, (2000), police officers that engage in community oriented policing and problem solving report greater satisfaction with their jobs, have satisfactory relationships with the community, and have greater freedom in decision making. Furthermore, community oriented policing and problem solving engages the support of the community, creates a sense of a team, and improves interpersonal relationships with the officer and citizens (Greene, 2000). Also, it is imperative that families of young adolescent males work together to improve environments and low-performing schools. According to Johnson, Rich & Keene, (2016), family intervention and participation in community-based programs has been shown to reduce the amount of violent exposure youths are shown. Further demonstrating that it does take a village to raise a child.

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