Brown v. Board of Education The case of brown v. board of education was one of the biggest turning points for African Americans to becoming accepted into white society at the time. Brown vs. Board of education to this day remains one of, if not the most important cases that African Americans have brought to the surface for the better of the United States. Brown v. Board of Education was not simply about children and education (Silent Covenants pg 11); it was about being equal in a society that claims African Americans were treated equal, when in fact they were definitely not. This case was the starting point for many Americans to realize that separate but equal did not work. The separate but equal label did not make sense either, the circumstances were clearly not separate but equal. Brown v. Board of Education brought this out, this case was the reason that blacks and whites no longer have separate restrooms and water fountains, this was the case that truly destroyed the saying separate but equal, Brown vs. Board of education truly made everyone equal. The case started in Topeka, Kansas, a black third-grader named Linda Brown had to walk one mile through a railroad switchyard to get to her black elementary school, even though a white elementary school was only seven blocks away. Linda's father, Oliver Brown, tried to enroll her in the white elementary school seven blocks from her house, but the principal of the school refused simply because the child was black. Brown went to McKinley Burnett, the head of Topeka's branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and asked for help (All Deliberate Speed pg 23). The NAACP was eager to assist the Browns, as it had long wanted to challenge segregation in public schools. The NAACP was looking for a case like this because they figured if they could just expose what had really been going on in "separate but equal society" that the circumstances really were not separate but equal, bur really much more disadvantaged to the colored people, that everything would be changed. The NAACP was hoping that if they could just prove this to society that the case would uplift most of the separate but equal facilities. The hopes of this case were for much more than just the school system, the colored people wanted to get this case to the top to abolish separate but equal.
The Brown v. Board ruling declared segregation in schools unconstitutional, therefore promoting integration. Many viewed this as a turning point, the start of a social revolution. However, there is a view that, although positive, the ruling did not do enough to force real change. It is even possible to argue that it increased white opposition, actually hindering the case of Civil Rights. Overall, however, the positive aspects outweighed the negatives, with the psychological effect and legal backing from the court being most important.
Before the decision of Brown v. Board of Education, many people accepted school segregation and, in most of the southern states, required segregation. Schools during this time were supposed to uphold the “separate but equal” standard set during the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson; however, most, if not all, of the “black” schools were not comparable to the “white” schools. The resources the “white” schools had available definitely exceed the resources given to “black” schools not only in quantity, but also in quality. Brown v. Board of Education was not the first case that assaulted the public school segregation in the south. The title of the case was shortened from Oliver Brown ET. Al. v. the Board of Education of Topeka Kansas. The official titled included reference to the other twelve cases that were started in the early 1950’s that came from South Carolina, Virginia, Delaware and the District of Columbia. The case carried Oliver Brown’s name because he was the only male parent fighting for integration. The case of Brown v. Board o...
Oliver Brown, father of Linda Brown decided that his third grade daughter should not have to walk one mile through a railroad switchyard just to get to the bus stop before she could even get to the separate Negro school for her area. He attempted to enroll her in the white public school only three blocks from their home, but her enrollment was denied due to her race. The browns believed this was a violation of their rights, and took their case to the courts. This wasn’t the first time that blacks found their constitutional rights violated. After the civil war, laws were passed to continue the separation of blacks and whites throughout the southern states, starting with the Jim Crow laws which officially segregated the whites from the black. It wasn’t until 1896 in Plessy vs. Ferguson that black people even began to see equality as an option. Nothing changed in the world until 1954 when the historical ruling of Brown vs. The Board of Education that anything changed. Until then, all stores, restaurants, schools and public places were deemed ‘separate but equal’ through the Plessy vs. Ferguson ruling in 1896. Many cases just like the Brown vs. Board of Education were taken to the Supreme Court together in a class action suite. The world changed when nine justices made the decision to deem segregation in public schools unconstitutional.
“We conclude unanimously that in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” (qtd. in Irons 163). Many African-Americans waited to hear this quote from Chief Justice Earl Warren after many years of fighting for better educational opportunities by means of school desegregation. African-Americans went through much anguish before the Brown v. Board of Education trial even took place, especially in the Deep South. Little did they know that what looked like the beginning of the end was just another battle in what seemed like an endless war. Brown v. Board of Education was an important battle won during the Civil Rights Movement; however, it did have a major drawback simply because no deadline existed, an issue that author James Baldwin grasped from the moment the decision was made. The South took full advantage of this major flaw and continued to keep its segregated schools with no intention of ever integrating.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas was a milestone in American history, as it began the long process of racial integration, starting with schools. Segregated schools were not equal in quality, so African-American families spearheaded the fight for equality. Brown v. Board stated that public schools must integrate. This court decision created enormous controversy throughout the United States. Without this case, the United States may still be segregated today.
In 1896, the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision set that “separate” facilities for blacks, and whites was constitutional. With the Brown v. Board of Education decision, Plessy was overturned along with the separate but equal implementation. The Brown v. Board of Education case all started with African American children who were denied acceptance in white schools. In a PBS Article the author discusses how a case was filed against the Topeka Kansas school board by Oliver Brown. Alexander McBride states “Brown v. Board of Education was filed against the Topeka, Kansas school board by representative-plaintiff Oliver Brown, parent of one of the children denied access to Topeka 's white schools. Brow...
According to the text, “Oliver Brown wish to enroll his daughter Linda Brown to an all-white summer school that was closer to their home. However, they were refused, Brown took the case to the NAACP, and soon after the case of Brown v. Board of Education was born” (Ginsberg et al. 116). It was a victory for African Americans when Thurgood Marshall along with a team of NAACP attorneys won the case. However, the success of the case was bittersweet because adjudication alone did not result in a greater number of schools being integrated. The chapter went on to mention “ten years after the Brown, fewer than 1 percent of black school-age children in the Deep South were attending schools with whites” (Ginsberg et al. 117). Steadily, however, this case paved the way for the Civil Rights movement and many other revolutionary actions in the black community. The chapter highlights the case of Brown v. Board of Education and how it was the small opening move to more social protests and more congressional
In 1954, the Supreme Court made an executive decision that lead to the movement of civil rights, the Supreme Court’s approval of Brown versus Board of Education made an inversion of being separate but equal. With the society of today, the issue of having equal access to public institutions because of the finances are not equaling with the public schools that are within the cities, suburbs and rural districts are becoming a violation in the rights of having equalization in the education systems. The decision of making claims with the federal courts have been rejected because of the belief that having an unequal economic influence within the public policy consequences are a matter of constitutional. In 1973, a lawsuit of rights that fights the
Brown vs. Board of Education is actually a name that was given to five separate court cases that were heard by the United States Supreme Court regarding segregation in public schools. A man by the name of Marshall was the one who argued the case before the court. Even though he brought up a variety of legal issues the most common was the separate school for white and blacks was unequal which violates the equal protection clause which is in the 14th amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Marshall also argued that the segregated school system made black children fill lower to white children and Marshall believed that a system should not be legally allowed. In 1953 Chief Justice Warren was able to do something that the others couldn’t do which was bringing all the Justices together to agree that segregation in public schools was considered unconstitutional. There was opposition especially in the southern states but the justices had a plan for how the desegregation was to proceed. Even though it would be years before all segregated schools systems were segregated the Brown vs. Board of Education was responsible for getting the whole process underway.
Board of Education case. Three years later In 1957 after the Brown vs. Board of Education case, a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School. This act caused an outburst of violence. Multiple mobs surrounded the school doors. The nine brave students weren’t treated equally by the teachers or students. They were often abused in the halls, and having mobs of people chase them home. There were riots by white students and families, protesting outside of the school. Parents pulled their kids out of school, because they didn’t want there kids to be around African Americans. The white children were taught at a young age to discriminate. The nine African American students were beaten up in the hallways and on there way home. It wasn’t a safe
The Brown v. Board of Education case had a big impact not only on the case but more so on history itself. This case showed others that there was separation of education for children like having a black school were only colored children were allowed to go to and a white school for white children only. Linda Brown a third grader who played a role in this case due to the fact that she had lived about seven blocks away from the nearest all white school, however she was denied admission so she instead had to attend an all black school which was a mile away considering how there was 18 schools in the Topeka neighborhood for white children and only 4 schools for black children. Linda’s father, Oliver Brown had challenged the school segregation law in the supreme court by achieving help from the NAACP to help address this situation.
On February 18, 1951 the case of Brown vs. Board of Education was filed causing a massive uproar across the nation. The hearing changed the way Americans viewed segregation and equality during the 1950’s. The Brown vs. Board of Education trial was important because it challenged American’s beliefs on segregation by testing American values such as racial discrimination, educational laws in America, and exposing that separation is not equal.
The Supreme Court ruling of the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education was one of the many occurrences that developed the start of the Civil Rights Movements in the twentieth century. The case is not only important in US Supreme Court History but also US History because it began integrating schools with black and white people for the first time in the same facility. Years later after integrating schools facilities there would be more integration of other facilities such as the food and store industries as
They wanted to end segregation and eradicate it forever! Thus came the case of Brown V. Board of Education: a case that would determine the future of the acceptance of Blacks in whites schools and a case that the Blacks where determined to win. Nearly all the Black parents wanted better schools for their kids to learn. Unfortunately, the best places to learn were only at the white schools.
She and her sister made a great daily commute to their “colored” school. Linda was denied admission to a summer school that was closer to her home because of her race. This was legal due to the Plessy v. Ferguson case of 1896 which allowed for segregation of public facilities. The Browns felt that depriving their daughters of a better education was unconstitutional and it did not provide them with equal protection under the law. The Supreme Court ruled unanimously in favor of the Browns and the Court found segregation in public schooling should not be included in the decision of Plessy v. Ferguson. This ruling established the civil rights idea that “separate-but-equal” was not equal at all. As a result, it was mandated that desegregation in schools would commence with “all deliberate speed” (insert landmark cases). However, Many schools, especially in the south, defied this ruling. In Little Rock, Arkansas, at Central High School, a group of nine high school students were set to attend the previously all white school. Governor Orval Faubus of Arkansas called the state national guard to prevent these students from entering the school. President Eisenhower angrily deployed federal troops the walk the teens into school under armed guard. The public display of racism and inequality fueled the sprouting civil rights movement. Nevertheless, The debate continues more than sixty years later over how to fight racial