Originally it was called Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes (This is because people with Type Two Diabetes can make their own insulin.)
MedlinePlus. (2012, June 02). Glucose Tolerance Test: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved Feb. 3, 2014, from U.S National Library of Medicine: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003466.htm
...es that insulin pumps "might result in better control of blood sugar for people with Type 1 diabetes"( Gruman). "Ramin Alemzadeh,M.D., director of the Diabetes program at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, cautioned that although the researchers reported pumps might improve glucose control overall, pediatric patients should not expect major changes in the longer-term control of blood glucose." "In our experience we don't see a significant overall blood glucose improvement beyond six months or one year of treatment in most children. Initially, the patients HBA1c levels improve, but after a while levels begin to rise and are not significantly different from where they started." "A patients diabetes management starts with them and their family. How well they do is independent of which method of insulin administration they use." (Gruman)
Managing type 2 diabetes starts with acquiring an understanding of what the disease is and how it affects the body. Type 2 diabetes has been described as non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes. The pancreas creates a hormone called insulin which is used as a vehicle to transport glucose from the blood to the cells. The body takes sugars and starches and converts them into glucose use as fuel by ones cells. When the body fails to use or produce enough insulin, unused glucose amasses in the blood. The inability of the body to use glucose results in inadequate fuel delivered to the cells needed to produce energy. Glucose is used by the body similar to gasoline and oil in a car, without one there is a lack of function and without the other deterioration of the engine happens.
Diabetes is an autoimmune disease that has affected more than 140 million people in the world. This disease, results from the attack of the killer T-cells of the immune system upon the ?-cells in the pancreas that produces insulin. (Lin et al., 2001). Until recently, this disease could only be treated with daily insulin injections and adherence to a strict, low glucose diet. With more than ninety percent of diabetics at risk for future complications like heart disease, blindness, and renal failure, diabetes has developed into more than just a medical issue. Diabetes is also becoming largely an emotional and economic issue. Victims of this disease have no choice but to adjust their lives around the only object that could change their lives?a daily injection that may cost 50% of the annual income in developing countries and up to 600% in non-developed countries. New technology th...
...other type of insulin therapy which injected insulin through a needle inserted in patient which connected to small device though flexible plastic tube (America diabetes association, 2013). Patient can have a better control of inulin delivery than traditional injection.
When the blood glucose level decreasing as expected, the insulin infusion will be increased each hour until a steady glucose decline of between 50 and 70 mg/dL/hr is achieved. Initially, blood glucose test performed hourly then when the blood glucose level stabilizes the frequency decreases to every 2-4 hours (Urden et al., 2014, p. 822). Once blood glucose level stabilizes, the patient is generally managed with subcutaneous insulin based on sliding
Caster-Perry, Sarah. "This Week in Science History-Available Insulin." The Naked Scientists. The Naked Scientists, Apr 2009. Web. 16 Sep 2010.
First generation systems will partially automate glucose controls, however eventually a fully automated, multi hormonal, dual chamber AP device capable of keeping blood glucose levels at specific levels will be developed (Artificial Pancreas). Current AP development has changed with the advent of smart phones and wireless technology and contains 4 main components such as (Idlebrrok, 2014), CGM sensor, CGM receiver,...
Walsh, John, P.A., C.D.E. "Changes In Diabetes Care: A History Of Insulin & Pumps, Past, Present, and Future." Children With Diabetes. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. .
Diabetes is a disease that can be devastating to some families, but it is not that bad as it seems. With the correct amount of exercise and moderation, it can be maintained with several different methods. A large part of the United States population has a form of diabetes. Today, there are many treatments that improve the lives of those living with this disease. With the correct understanding, it can be manageable and change the lives of the diabetic and his/her family. Some people may think of this as a bad thing for children to have but with the proper management and exercise, it can be maintained as well as bring a family closer to one another. As a brother of a type 1 diabetic, I know how hard it is to live with it and how to manage it. There are ways which make diabetes safe and manageable. Some methods are similar but most of them are different. The most common method to help manage diabetes is with a pod or a pump, both of which give insulin to the body. The next method is exercise and it can be combined with the pod or the pump to provide an even better managing system. Taking shots is another common method, but requires more work than the others do. While these systems already exist, scientists and companies are already working on different methods to take insulin. For example, an inhalable spray and a pill have been created and are being tested. These two methods would make taking insulin much easier and quicker. A more expensive procedure that has also been created is an artificial pancreas which produces insulin like a normal pancreas. This is a more lengthy and costly procedure which has not shown many benefits yet. Within the coming years, scientists and companies will make breakthroughs on how to man...
The ultimate goal of diabetic management is the control and stabilization of blood glucose levels. This continual stabilization of glucose reduces the patient’s risk of developing diabetic related health issues and problems in the future. By reducing or even eliminating obstacles that prevent patients from following prescribed insulin treatment therapies can increase patient compliance and improve patients health overall.
During the year 1889, two researchers, Joseph Von Mering and Oskar Minkowski, had discovered the disease that is known today as diabetes. Diabetes is a disease in which the insulin levels (a hormone produced in unique cells called the islets of Langerhans found in the pancreas) in the bloodstream are irregular and therefore affect the way the body uses sugars, as well as other nutrients. Up until the 1920’s, it was known that being diagnosed with diabetes was a death sentence which usually affected “children and adults under 30.” Those who were diagnosed were usually very hungry and thirsty, which are two of the symptoms associated with diabetes. However, no matter how much they ate, their bodies wouldn’t be able to use the nutrients due to the lack of insulin. This would lead to a very slow and painful death. In 1922, four Canadian researchers by the names of Frederick G. Banting, Charles H. Best, John J.R. MacLeod, and James B. Collip had discovered a way to separate insulin in the pancreas of dogs and prepare it in such a way so that it can be used to treat diabetic patients. In the year 2008, there were 1,656,470 people who suffered from diabetes in Canada, and by 2010, it is predicted that this disease will take over the lives of 285 million people . Although there is no cure for diabetes, the treatment of prepared insulin is prolonging the lives of diabetics and allowing them to live freely. The discovery of insulin was important and significant in Canada’s history because Banting was a Canadian medical scientist who had a purpose in finding a treatment for diabetes, its discovery has saved lives and improved the quality of life of those suffering from this disease, and it showed the world Canada’s medical technology was ...
Type 1 diabetes, is an incurable but treatable disease which can occur at any age but is mostly found in children due to the high levels of glucose in the blood (Eckman 2011). Juvenile diabetes affects about 1 in every 400-600 children and more than 13,000 are diagnosed yearly (Couch 2008). Type 1 Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, is too high. With Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make insulin. Insulin is a hormone, which helps glucose gets into your cells to provide energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, gums and teeth (American Diabetes Association). Previous research has suggested proper insulin management, a balanced diet and exercise will help maintain glycemic control and lessen the chance of complications (Couch 2008).