Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes are the main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs in people before the age of 30 while type 2, the most common type, occurs after this age. Gestational diabetes occurs in women only during pregnancy, but it leads to a risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. They all have to do with a lack or resistance of insulin, therefore, diabetics have to prick their finger, wear an insulin pump, or get insulin injections to keep it under control. (Mayo Clinic, 2013) Diabetes may seem like an awful disease to have, but if it is monitored well the risks of major complications are greatly decreased.
Insulin's job is maintaining glucose level in the blood, allowing the body cells to use glucose as the main source of energy. However, for a diabetic, the insulin is not metabolized correctly, leading the body cells and tissues to not make use of glucose from the blood. And, as a result, causing high levels of blood glucose, or hyperglycemia. Severe complications can occur from elevated glucose level in the bloodstream such as eye disorders, kidney damage, or cardiovascular disease. 2.Compare and Contrast the possible causes of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is not able to produce sufficient amount of insulin as required for the body. The pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes suggests that it’s an autoimmune disease, in which the body’s own immune system generates secretions of substances that attack the beta cells of the pancreas leading to low or no insulin secretion. This is more common in children and young adults before the age of thirty. Type 1 is also referred as Insulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus or Juvenile Diabetes, exogenous insulin is needed for its treatment. In type 2 diabetes mellitus we find insulin resistance with varying degrees of insulin secretory defects and is more comm... ... middle of paper ... ... advice to wear comfortable shoes, preferable leather, and not to walk barefoot.
A person with type 1 diabetes is likely to have lost 70-80%1 of their beta-cells mass which is why they must manually inject insulin into themselves to maintain a healthy blood glucose level. When the blood glucose level falls (hypoglycaemia) you begin to lose energy. The beta cells affect a person’s glucose regulations within the blood. This is because the beta cells are in charge of sending insulin arou... ... middle of paper ... ...Environment, Beta Cell stress.
When glucose is present in the bloodstream it is then used for the growth and energy of cells (NDIC). In order for the cells to receive the glucose, insulin must be released from the pancreas (NDIC). The pancreas in a diabetic person has either released too little insulin or none at all causing there to be an excess amount of sugar in the blood. Once there is too much glucose in the blood, it is then excreted out of the body through urine (NDIC). Although the body had an abundant amount of glucose, because it was not able to use it correctly the body in return loses fuel (NDIC).
Diabetes Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism-the way in which your body converts the food you eat into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down by digestive juices into chemicals, including a simple sugar called glucose. Glucose is your body's main source of energy. After digestion, glucose passes into your bloodstream, where it is available for cells to take in and use or store for later use. In order for your cells to take in glucose, a hormone called insulin must be present in your blood.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach. · Insulin is produced in the pancreas, an organ that sits behind your stomach. When we eat, the pancreas is automatically supposed to produce the right amount of insulin to move glucose from blood into our cells. In people who have diabetes, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the cells do not respond in the right way to the insulin that is produced. Glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and passes out of the body.
Diabetes Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, is a chronic illness this means that it has no cure and the symptoms persist over a long period of time. This illness is a result of an imbalance of hormones, insulin, produced in the pancreas. Insulin plays an important role in how the body uses food. Insulin enables the cells in the bloodstream to absorb and use glucose for fuel. If the pancreas produces too little or no insulin or if the insulin doesn’t work properly the person may become diabetic.
Insulin reduces blood glucose levels by allowing glucose to enter muscle cells and fat cells and by stimulating the conversion of glucose to glycogen as a carbohydrate store. Insulin also inhibits the release of stored glucose from liver glycogen and slows the breakdown of fat to triglycerides, free fatty acids, and ketones. Additionally, insulin slows the breakdown of protein for glucose production. Hyperglycemia results when insulin deficiency leads to uninhibited gluconeogenesis and prevents the use and storage of circulating glucose. The kidneys cannot reabsorb the excess glucose load, causing glycosuria, osmotic diuresis, thirst, and dehydration.