Hollywood has been showing it to us for years. Frankenstein, The Six
Million Dollar Man, Jurassic Park, etc.; the list goes on. All these movies show
man's instinct to create. This fiction of playing God in recent years is
becoming a reality.
Genetics has a significant influence on behavior, especially intelligence. Genetics is the way traits are passed from parent to offspring through heredity. It is evident that intelligent parents tend to have children of a higher intelligence. However, it is not evident without investigation how much intelligence is due to genetics and how much is due to the raising environment.
Define the following vocabulary words:
Speciation - is the formation of new and distinct species in the course of evolution
Mutation - a permanent, heritable change in the nucleotide sequence in a gene or a chromosome
Cladogram - a branching diagram showing the cladistic relationship between a number of species
2. Define “adaptation” in your own terms and give an example
Adaptation is a process where an animal or plant goes through a genetic mutation so it can be better fitted in the environment. An example of adaptation are the plants that live in hot and dry deserts. The plants have to go through a mutation where it is able to adapt to the hot climate. The plants are able to adapt in the desert because the plants
One of the most important discoveries to me is the cracking of the DNA code. DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid is a material found in all organisms. It is a self-replicating material and is the carrier of genetic information. Every cell contains DNA. Marshall Nirenberg is a biochemist that wrote a paper with his colleagues that described how DNA’s code is translated in the cell. It was written according to the discovery made by Watson and Crick. Watson and Crick, two scientists in 1953 discovered the properties of DNA. They won the Nobel Prize in 1962 for their discovery but still wanted to know how this material, the building blocks of life, translated to protein.
Bio 105 - Homework Solutions Chapters 3
1. Monomers and polymers are both what make up macromolecules, polymers are the larger of the two molecules, monomer molecules are what helps string all of them together.
2. The four macromolecules found in living organisms are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
During, the second week of my placement in the male ward , I was asked by my mentor to bed-bath Mr. Timmy and get him ready for breakfast. After handover, my mentor assigned me to a specific bay in the ward that I was going to be looking after for the whole week. One of the patients in that bay was Mr. Timmy who, was unable to mobilise on his own, therefore, needed assistance with his personal hygiene needs. Mr. Timmy had been admitted to the hospital with a condition of stroke and dementia, which he had, had for ages. Before, washing my patient I asked for his consent as this is required by Nursing and Midwifery Council Code of Conduct (NMC 2008).
Task 1: Written report
What is evolution? Evolution is the process of living organisms that has developed or changed from earlier forms during the course history on the earth. Over a vast amount of years, there has been an era of proposals and ideas of theories that has tried to explain evolution. This has been seen and investigated by various philosophers and scientists that includes Aristotle, Lamarck, Wallace, Darwin, Gould, Eldridge and Mendle.
Glancing at my reflection, I can see my father’s brown eyes and my mother’s curved nose, inherited traits that have been passed down from generations ago. However, concealed both within and under my layers of skin are the genes determining every intricate detail of my being. I am influenced by uncontrollable forces, which have inspired me to explore the nature of genes, as it dictates the fundamental mechanisms of life.
There are several methods in which recombinant DNA is made: transformation, phage introduction, and non-bacterial transformation.
Every cell in our body contains a copy of our genome. A human body contains over 20,000 genes and 3 billion letters of DNA. DNA consists of 2 strands, twisted into a double helix and held together by a simple pairing rule: A pairs with T and G pairs with C. It is our genes that shape who we are, as individuals and as a species. Genes also have profound effects on health and due to advancements in DNA sequencing, researchers have identified thousands of genes that affect our risk of disease. To understand how genes work, researchers need ways to control them. Recently a new method has been developed that allows us to edit the genes of any species including humans. The CRISPR method is based on a natural system used by bacteria to protect themselves