He went to Horce Mann Grammar School. Watson won a scholarship to the University of Chicago. Watson enrolled in the college at the age of 15. Watson then received a Bachelor of Science degree in zoology. After that, he went to Indiana University in Bloomington.
The three won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1962 for their work (Bagley, 2013). Scientist use the term “double helix” to describe DNA’s winding, two-stranded chemical structure. This shape looks much like a twisted ladder and gives the DNA the power to pass along biological instructions with great precision. The scientific and medical progress of DNA as been emense, from involving the identification of our genes that trigger major diseases or the creation and manufacture of drugs to treat these diseases. DNA has many significant uses to society, health and culture of today.
Our cells, DNA and our genes are what are considered the ultimate building blocks of life. DNA Discovery DeoxyriboNucleic Acid is the scientific name for the mini-miracle of DNA. Science has talked about DNA for years, but how much do you really know or understand it? A Swiss medical student named Miescher discovered DNA back in 1868. While Miescher was working with pus from a surgical wound, investigating the white blood cells is where he would make probably the greatest discovery of the 19th century.
When I was in 10th grade, I read an interesting article on human genome project published in Time magazine. That article influenced me to drive my education journey towards molecular biology and genetic engineering after my school. My desire to study in biological science came true after a lot of hard work, practice and determination when I qualified in 2007 admission test of University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh and got myself admi... ... middle of paper ... ...opmental biology, epigenetics and stem cell biology. I am particularly interested in the molecular basis of regeneration. I can use both my wet laboratory and computational skills to carry out worthwhile research in these areas.
Alfred Day Hershey grew up to become a winner of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1969 for his world changing genetic discovery. In 1952, at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York with his research assistant, Martha Chase, through an experiment, discovered that phage DNA enters the bacterial cell and then directs the cell to produce more bacteriophages. This experiment proved that DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) is the genetic material of bacteriophages as well as other organisms, opposed to the prior belief that protein was the genetic material of organisms. This discovery had set the groundwork for modern genetic study, which led to pharmaceutical development and possibilities of genetic enhancements. The study of genetics
The premise of this paper is to detail the contribution of a famous scientist and their work, as well as discuss the modern day implication of the scientist’s contribution on society. Ideally this paper would be a biographical analysis of a single person but due to my background and major I have instead chosen to write about two people that worked as a group to revolutionize biological sciences. The scientific pair of Francis Crick and James Watson worked together to research and published an article about the structure of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) that had countless short term and long term consequences that changed the scientific as well as medical fields and lead to many advancements that have drastically effected modern life. To reflect exactly how important the discovery was, Watson and Crick shared the Noble Prize for Physiology in 1962. Born on June 8 in the year 1916, Francis Crick was a British biophysicist that started from humble roots in a small town.
Each base is attached to a sugar mo... ... middle of paper ... ...ut of the nucleus. Scientists continue to study the DNA molecule with hopes of find the secrets that are hidden with in our own bodies. Their findings continue to aid us in cures and the prevention of many illnesses that years ago we couldn’t solve. Hopefully the research will soon pay off, with the cure for cancer or Alzheimer’s Disease. DNA has also been very important in Forensic science where it is used to identify individuals who have committed a crime.
Genetic Engineering Today "Ever since James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of DNA three decades ago, scientists have been experimenting with altering the genetic makeup of living matter to transform plants, animals, and microscopic organisms. There is no end to the positive things genetic engineering can accomplish" (McAuliffe 16). But are there more negative entities to genetic engineering than positive? This essay will examine the question "What is genetic engineering? ", the moral issues concerning genetic engineering, and finally relate these topics to the formation of "the creature" in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.
In the early uses of DNA fingerprinting, it was only used for identifying genetic diseases and disorders but people quickly realized that it could be used in many different areas of science (hubpages). Years after the discovery of DNA fingerprinting, it had been used to solve the first immigration case, the first paternity case, and even helped identify the first identical twins (le.ac.uk). The first methods of DNA fingerprinting were accurate, but you would have had needed to acquire a large amount of DNA. Over time, the advancement of science has led to major advances that formed the basis of DNA profiling techniques. These newer methods are still used today and allow scientist to use skin, blood, semen, and hair to gather DNA (le.ac.uk).
Their discovery was included in Matt Ridley’s book called Genome. People knew that heredity also affected animals and plants as it does humans. Having red hair or blue eyes gets passed on from one generation to the next one. Watson met the King’s College team head named Maurice Wilkins, who worked closely with Rosalind Franklin. Rosalind Franklin, a British biophysicist, was the person who discovered the DNA structure using x-ray crystallogr... ... middle of paper ... ...s/dna_timeline/97/ 3. http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080107200905AAl6RyT 4. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/cancer-questions/what-is-dna-what-does-it-stand-for 5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Watson 6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Crick 7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heredity 8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalind_Franklin 9. http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/basics/dna 10. https://www.genome.gov/25520880 11. http://www.statedclearly.com/ 12. https://www.23andme.com/gen101/genes/ 13. http://seedmagazine.com/images/uploads/12Cribsheet.pdf 14. http://ca.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20081218195035AASs8Tw 15. https://s3.amazonaws.com/engrade-myfiles/4093573902791905/Chromosome_diagram.png 16. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110721142408.htm?utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed