Biography of Thomas Edison

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Biography of Thomas Edison

Thomas Alva Edison is one of the most famous inventors. He saw many changes take place in his lifetime. His inventions were responsible for many of those changes. Some of his inventions were the telephone, the light bulb, the movie projector, and the phonograph. These inventions contributed to modern day, lights, movies, telephones, records and CDs. When Edison was born, there was no such thing as electricity, but by the time he died entire cities were lit by electricity (

Thomas Edison was born February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. He was one of the seven children of Samuel Edison, Jr. and Nancy Elliot Edison. His mother was a schoolteacher, and his father did many things from, running a mill to real estate. When Thomas was seven, his family moved to Port Huron, Michigan. Edison started school here in Michigan. His teacher was Reverend G. B. Engle, who considered Edison a dumb student. He did not like math and annoyed his teacher with his many questions. His teacher told his mother that he could not be taught. This angered his mother and made her decide to home school him (Josephson 354).

Edison loved to read. Before he was twelve, he had read novels by Dickens, Shakespeare, and Gibbon. When he was nine, he read a science book that his mother had given him. This book told how to do many experiments at home. He did every experiment in the book and his mother gave him many more science books to look at. He loved Chemistry so much that he spent all of his spare money on chemicals. He also collected bottles, wires, and other things to use in his experiments. At age ten, Thomas built his first laboratory in the ba...

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...died. He was buried in Orange New Jersey near his factory. Three days after his death electric lights were dimmed throughout the United States in honor of Edison (

In Edison's life he invented many things. He gave the world many things that are necessities today. Without electric lights, the telephone, the stock market machine, movie projector, and the phonograph the world would be a much more inconvenient place. We would not be able to turn on and off a light or easily communicate with others. Edison was truly a genius and many incredible works throughout his lifetime.


Edison. (1992). Compton's Encyclopedia.Volume 7; Pages 72-77.

Josephson, Matthew. (1959). Edison: A Biography. New York: McGraw-Hill

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