In this paper I will discuss the Head Start program. How Head Start has succeeded. The way it attempts to influence children’s behaviors. I will also discuss some of the shortcomings of the Head Start program and ways to make the program more effective. Discussion: Early intervention into the lives of children has been proven to prevent delinquency.
People always say that children are the future, and they are right. That is what makes understanding how children develop so crucial. Understanding how children develop has many important implications; it can help parents raise their children more efficiently, assist society in making informed decisions about policies regarding children’s welfare, and to help us to understand human nature (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2011). An important part of understanding how children develop is understand the ways in which they learn. Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory emphasizes that the main tools of development are observation and imitation, rather than reinforcement.
As is the nature of schools of thought, behaviorism formed in opposition of the time’s psychological methodology and focus – introspection and consciousness. The basic tenants of behaviorism are as follows: psychology is a science and therefore it must follow scientific measures; behavior is produced by a stimulus and is predictable; an individual’s behavior is a pure result of the environment. Behaviorism’s foundation is a compilation of the works of Auguste Comte, John Locke, James Mill, and C. Lloyd Morgan. Comte’s positivism had been mulling for some time and resurged, becoming fundamental to the scientific zeitgeist of the 20th century. Locke’s idea of tabula rasa and Mill’s idea of mechanism are evident in the methodology of behavior.
Having a healthy self-esteem is a key part of forging a budding child into a successful adult. Self esteem is how we feel about ourselves, and our behavior and attitude towards those around us directly reflects on that feeling. A child or teen with low self esteem will encounter a large number of difficulties throughout their childhood, ranging from feeling undesirable in their body to a much deeper emotional instability. If a child is raised to have a generally high level of self esteem, he or she will be able to act independently, take on responsibilities, and tolerate frustration and stress more effectively than a child with low self esteem (Must-Read Advice, n.d.). The development of a healthy self esteem is key to the happiness of children and adolescents.
“Discipline is the process of teaching children the values and normative behaviours of their society. It is the guidance of children’s moral, emotional and physical development, enabling them to take responsibility for themselves when they are older.” This quote by Smith (2004) from (Learning Theories and the Family, 2013), shows why behaviour is worth researching. What is your proposed title of your research project and what are your proposed research questions? A research title should short, explanatory, clear descriptive (Pardede, 2014), were as good research questions should be ‘should be clear, specific, answerable, interconnected and substantively’, (Punch, 1998, p.48) in Robson (2002).This is why my research questions directly link to my research title and follow on from each other. My research title is: How is behaviour controlled in a nursery setting?
They do not get to interact with others and see the world as older generations did. Now this is not said about every electronic, many times it involves the culture and the atmosphere in which the child is growing up in. Great psychologist and theorist, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky explained how the first few years in a child’s life are extremely important and critical for proper development. Studies such as Stranger Situation and Friendship Quality allows us to see that as human we need human interaction and we need to create bonds that with others to succeed in life. Children need to be able to acquire basic skills such as holding a conversation or being kind to another human, this simply cannot be done if the child is staring at a screen all day.
Carl Jung once said, “One looks back with appreciation to the brilliant teachers, but with gratitude to those who touched our human feelings. The curriculum is so much necessary raw material, but warmth is the vital element for the growing plant for the soul of the child.” (Jung) Children are born ready to learn and are anxious to know everything about anything. Learning and developing these concepts helps build the foundation for the rest of your life. However as a little child you thrive from human relationships and you learn from what teachers, parents and other adults around you are doing. Positive role models will influence the child positively where as negative relationships will influence the child negatively.
And children in the elementary school phase will either be successful or unsuccessful when learning new abilities. In his work, Erikson was trying to point out that “Each stage is an emotional crisis or a turning point, in personality, and the crisis in each stage must be successfully met for normal, healthy psychological development.” (Ciccarelli & White, 2015, p.
Education before Frobel While there have many great philosophers of our time the one that influenced Friedrich Froebel include; Comenius who in 1649 published a book about how children were born with a natural craving for knowledge and goodness and that school’s beat it out of them. He was also known as the father of modern education that tried to improve the way that students were taught. Next we have Rousseau who was one of the two main philosopher who inspired Froebel; in 1762 expounded a new theory of education that emphasized the importance of expression rather than repression to produce well-balanced, free-thinking children. He believed that by offering a child choices but controlling those choices exposed him to appropriate stimuli that would generate life experiences. While Froebel was not as inspired by his work, Fichte advocated a national system that would stimulated the desire for improving education by developing the individual for the benefit of the community, stimulate the individual into independent activity, and develop character and good will.
THE LEARNING THEORY BEHAVIORISM: BEHAVIORIST GORDON ALLPORT AND BURRHUS SKINNER INTRODUCTION The behavoristic approach has exerted a strong influence on American Psychology. The basic ideas of behaviorism are: human behavior is a product of the Stimulus-Response interaction and that behavior is modifiable. It has triggered scientific experiments and the use of statistical procedures. Most importantly, it has turned the attention of psychology to solving real behavior related problems. The behavorist believe behavior should be explained in terms of environmental stimuli.