Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Autistic spectrum disorder is caused not only by environmental factors but also by genetic inheritability. This disorder can range from mild to severe and is shown in many different forms. Symptoms include speech impairment, disorganized language; sensory processing disorder which causes absent responses, sleep disorders, depression and anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and many more. Diagnosing autism does not include medical test but instead a team of physiologists and physicians observe the child during an autism-specific behavior evaluations and in some cases genetic testing is needed. The exact cause of autism is still unknown although there are many factors that play a role in it for example mother’s weight, teratogens and genetics. There is prenatal diagnosis of autism known as chromosomal microarray (CMA), the technology detects copy number variations (CNVs) — deletions or duplications of stretches of DNA that are too small to be seen using a microscope. CNVs have been increasingly linked to psychiatric and other disorders, including autism and schizophrenia (Emily Singer, 2012). This genetic disease runs in my family; it is on my mother’s side and my father’s side, as most cases of autism we don’t know whether it is from genetic or environmental causes, or both. If both parents carry the gene for autism the percentage for the child to carry it is very high, much higher than if only one parent carried it. In conclusion if you know you have this gene in your family, getting genetic counseling before having children would be a wise decision. Children with this disease cannot live a normal life and everyday functions are very difficult for people living with autistic spectrum disorder. AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER 2 Autism... ... middle of paper ... ...d with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Support For Learning, 27(1), 38-41. Doi:10.1111/j. 1467-9604.2011.051505.x Goldstein,S., Naglieri, J. A.,Rzepa, S., & Williams,K.M. (2012). A National Study of Autistic Symptoms in the General Population of School-Age Children and Those Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Psychology in the Schools 49(10) 1001-1002 Robson, B. (2013) Autism spectrum disorder: A review of the current understanding of pathophysiology and complementary therapies in children, Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine 25(3) 128-129 Samson, A.C. (2013). Humor (lessness) elucidated- Sense of humor in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Review and Introduction. Humor: International Journal Of Humor Research, 26(3), 394-395. doi:10.1515/humor-2013-0027 Singer, E. (2012) More sensitive prenatal tests detect autism-linked variants, 12 March 2012

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