Anselm's ontological argument is how he explains God as a necessary cause. Spinoza is a modern thinker who explains God as a cause as well. Spinoza is a monist who believes everything is one. Therefore, he believes God is the only substance and existence there is. Spinoza states that "by God I understand a being absolutely infinite, that is, a substance consisting of an inf... ... middle of paper ... ...s and material.
If the greatest thing that we can conceive does not exist than we can still conceive the greatest thing that does exist, and that would be God. Descartes views God in a similar way to St. Anselm. Descartes sees God as the perfectbeing while St. Anselm describes God as “that than which nothing greater can be thought.” In Descartes “the Argument from Perfection” he reasons that if existence is one of the perfections and God has all the perfections, then God must exist. Along with these arguments others in the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic communities have similar views. Cosmological arguments are... ... middle of paper ... ... one time was not in existence, it has parts that were put together to form the watch, each one of those parts had to be formed and then they were all fit together in harmony to form the watch by the watchmaker.
Final Paper- Yash Patel Professor- Dr. Witmer Cosmological Argument There are many arguments that try to prove the existence of a God: fine-tuning argument, the objection from the threat of Spinozism, the objection from the impossibility of a necessary creator, cosmological argument, etc. However, the one that I find both plausible and suited for us to give a good argument for either God himself or, at least, some kind of first cause or ultimate explainer. The cosmological argument claims that the existence of a world is sufficient evidence of the existence of a God who created the universe. In other words the cosmological argument provides its case with the argument that God is significant amount of evidence for universe’s existence. The argument is based around the claim that the existence of the universe is in need of a competent explanation.
Analysis Of God As A Creator and Sustainer It is generally accepted in western philosophy that if God is a creator then he must also by definition, due in part to his other attributes, be a sustainer. This essay assumes that a God does exist because otherwise, rather than analysing the attributes in question, one regresses into providing evidence for God's existence which is the purpose of arguments such as the ontological argument. Using evidence and reason, this essay will see whether creatorship and sustainership can be assigned to God and if they are necessary for His existence. The main literary source of this evidence is from Hugh J McCann in his essay on "Creation and Conservation" as noted in the bibliography. This essay argues that the world's authorship should be assigned to God given his omnipotence, and will show that it is logical and necessary for him to sustain it having created it.
For the existence of the contingent universe must rest on something, and if it rested on some contingent being then that contingent being too would require some explanation of its existence. The ultimate explanation of the existence of all things, therefore, must be the existence of some necessary being. Followers of the cosmological argument identify God as this necessary being.
Proof For the Existence of God From the diversity of men and creatures on this earth, there has always been one unifying link. At the root of humanity’s existence, lies the root of all things natural and infinite, a hint of something supreme and purposeful, something incomprehensible; a glimpse of what is real and what is possible. Inspired by wonder one can easily be surprised by the doubts presented as to the existence and identity of this driving force. The Law of Causality properly states, “Anything which begins to exist must have been brought into existence by something distinct from itself.” Therefore, only something outside of the world could have created the world. Logic and natural law can easily prove that this Being is an All-Powerful God through four different arguments: the Cosmological, Historical, Moral, and Teleological arguments.
The ontological argument states that by understanding the nature of God himself, we come to realize he exists. He explains this argument by first defining what God is. Anslem says that God is a being than which nothing greater can be conceived to exist, that it can not even be considered not to exist. In short, the fact that said being can not be considered not to exist, would thereby make it greater than any that could be considered not to exist. This would in all reality be the secret to God's omnipotence in Anlsem's eyes.
Aquinas's version of the argument relies on a very strong claim that the existence of any end-directed system or process can be explained only by the existence of an intelligent being who directs that system or process towards its end. Since the operations of all natural bodies, on Aquinas's view, are directed towards some specific end these operations can be explained only by the existence of an intelligent being. In conclusion there are many points, which support the case for the existence of God. The theories of a planned world and the need for intelligence to guide others are crucial. Paley and Aquinas both agree that there is some creator or designer whom created the world in a specific way and to perform tasks to the best of their best abilities, however the reason why is the subject of another essay.
His argument is also based on the premise that "the idea of an eternal being who either does not yet exist or no longer exists is self-contradictory, so that the very idea we have of such a being requires existence." (Pg. 307). In his Meditations, Decartes offers the following version of the ontological argument. He considers the idea of God, a supremely perfect being, just as real as the idea of the existence of any shape or a number.
A contingent being is referred to as us, humans, as we all have a beginning and an end. A necessary being is referred to as God, as he is infinite. God is seen as the uncaused cause who is the cause of all the other causes. Thomas Aquinas gave his explanation of this by saying “Everything we see is subject to motion, which is a broad term for change, movement and so on.” Which is saying we can only can prove things exist by using our senses to see them, this is the way we can also prove the universe exists, we can see it. The posterior (an argument in which the truth of a proposition may only be known to be true after empirical evidence has been used to prove the posterior is true or false) is: “Because it is based on what can be seen in the world and the universe” which is saying, that things are based on experience and the world must have been created.