Anselm's ontological argument is how he explains God as a necessary cause. Spinoza is a modern thinker who explains God as a cause as well. Spinoza is a monist who believes everything is one. Therefore, he believes God is the only substance and existence there is. Spinoza states that "by God I understand a being absolutely infinite, that is, a substance consisting of an inf... ... middle of paper ... ...s and material.
The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the universe exist. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below.
One comes from reason and the other from experience. The argument from reason is an ontological argument. It is based upon the assumption that something had to create all that is around us. The idea that god is the most perfect being imaginable. The arguments from experience are based upon one of several approaches.
This would in all reality be the secret to God's omnipotence in Anlsem's eyes. Another point that he stresses is that just be understanding the concept of what a God is, you are proving his existence. This is because if you understand who God is, you can also accept his existence, and therefore cannot conceive that he does not exist. Therefore making him that which nothing greater can be conceived of, and which cannot be conceived not to exist which we have already defined as God. The second argument for a God comes from St. Tomas Aquinas, who argues for the cosmological point of view.
Descartes proceeds to investigate the idea of an infinite being, or God, and how he came to acquire such an idea with more objective reality than he himself has. By ruling out the possibility of this idea being invented or adventitious, Descartes concludes that the idea must be innate. Therefore, God necessarily exists and is responsible for his perception of a thing beyond a finite being. Descartes affirms that he is certain that he is a thinking thing. His reasoning, however, seems to be a circular argument.
Ontological arguments are a priori, which show that God exists without appealing to a sense experience. These ontological arguments argue about what God is to where he is from. St. Anselm, the creator of the ontological argument, based his theory on that we cannot think of anything greater than God. Therefor God must exist, why you might ask? If the greatest thing that we can conceive does not exist than we can still conceive the greatest thing that does exist, and that would be God.
This cosmological argument is unique because all other variations of cosmological arguments show that the universe has always existed and has an infinite past. The first premise states that “everything that has a beginning of its existence has a cause of existence” (Philosophy of Religion). The second premise says that the existence of the universe has a beginning which means its past is not infinite (Philosophy of Religion). From these two premises, we can conclude that something created the universe and if something caused the universe to exists, then it had to be caused by God. These two conclusions prove that God does exists.
The ontological argument argues that if you understand what it means to talk about God, you will see His existence is necessarily true. Anselm defined God as 'that than which nothing greater can be conceived', hence God must exist. Anselm also believed that even atheist had a definition for God even just to disregard his existence; hence God exists in the mind. Anselm said this is so because that which exists in reality is greater than that which exists purely in the mind. In the words of Anselm, "Therefore, Lord, not only are You that than which nothing greater can be conceived but you are also something greater than can be conceived.
Spinoza’s method of proving one substance relies upon his definitions and reason. I take further issue with this method because God cannot be proven through reason alone. Through this same reasoning Spinoza gives life too much meaning. In his argument, he claims that since God is the only substance all things flow from God. Meaning that everything in existence is a part of
The only thing missing is an explanation of how the four proofs are divided based on our knowledge of the world and our soul.] The Cosmological Argument, by definition, argues the existence of God through the reasoning that everything must have a cause. If one creation after another is continuously caused by something else, eventually everything will be simplified into one idea or cause. So there must be a beginning cause, a primary something. From this one can learn several things about the cause, that It in itself is eternal and self-sufficient.