Socrates also utilizes the vanity of Athenians that only the few intelligent people such as themselves know about law and education. Second, Socrates claims that if he had corrupted the youth, he would have done it unintentionally, out of ignorance, because all men want to be surround by wise people. Therefore Socrates deserves instruction rather than punishment. The first charge is: “Socrates does injustice by not believing in the God by whom the city believes, but in other dimonia that are novel” (Apology 34c). To respond, Socrates allures Meletus to charge him against the most serious charge of impiety.
He believed that Athens’ system of government was flawed and that they needed a philosopher to point out those flaws. So he took it upon himself to be that philosopher to challenge the government of Athens, betting his own life against the laws which he did not believe were just. Aristophanes holds a polar opposite view of the situation. In The Clouds, the just speech speaks out against the unjust speech which Socrates teaches Pheidippides. The just speech warns Pheidippides that “he will persuade you to believe everything shameful is noble and the noble is shameful” (Aristophanes, 1020-1021).
By confronting the accusation that he was corrupting the minors, Socrates tried to clear himself by manipulating his arguments so that Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon (the men who brought both charges against Socrates) had to answer questions about these charges. When the questions of Socrates were placed before Meletus, his answers seemed to have proven that Socrates was innocent. However, when the verdict was announced, it demonstrated the opposite. Upon hearing the verdict, GUILTY, it was plain to see that the Greek assembly was like every other political assembly, corrupt. "I should never have believed that it would be such a close thing; but now
The decision merely represents Socrates’ unwillingness to conform to the Greek traditions and beliefs. There are several charges laid against Socrates in his trial. Plato’s Apology divides these charges into two sets- the original charges and the new charges. The original accusations are: “Socrates does injustice
These secondary accusers also consist of those who are holding grudges against Socrates on old matters. Thus the gist of “Apology” is the battle of good and evil, of truth and lies, where Socrates is hoping that the people of Athens will recognize his bona fide intention to do good. The primary accusers are namely Meletus, who has a quarrel with Socrates on behalf of the poets; Anytus, on behalf of the craftsmen, and Lycon, on behalf of the rhetoricians. Socrates does away with each of them by revealing the false nature of each accusation. One of the accusations is that Socrates is an ... ... middle of paper ... ... believed in was true and right.
He truly believed he was meant to live a philosophical li... ... middle of paper ... ...t of Socrates charges were due to Meletus accusing Socrates of his various crimes. A second reason to support the issue of Socrates corrupting the minds of young men was the influence of Meletus and his hand in the trail. Socrates had a sour view of Meletus; he was ignorant, arrogant, and unrestrained thus impious. Likewise Socrates wanted believed Meletus destroyed any possibility of genuine education with sophist relativism. Socrates even says before the judges,” They know very well Meletus is lying, and claims speaking the truth”(pg.
In the Apology, Socrates examines the charges brought against him by Meletus and tries to prove that they are false. The first charge brought against him is that he was corrupting the youth. Socrates responds to this by asking Meletus in his opinion, how Socrates was corrupting the youth. Meletus says that Socrates was teaching the youth to go against the government. Socrates asks if there was anyone who was beneficial for the youth.
Basically Socrates turns the tables on his accuser and accuses Meletus of "dealing frivolously with serious matters." Socrates says that the youth he supposedly corrupts follows him around on their own free will, because the young men enjoy hearing people and things being questioned. In this line of questioning of Meletus, Socrates makes him look very contradictory to his statements in his affidavit. Socrates then moves on to the second part of his defense. Moving on to the second charge that he does not believe in the Gods accepted ... ... middle of paper ... ...nse and cross-examination of Meletus, he hits on contradictions in the affidavit that Meletus wrote.
Socratic philosophy is plagued by a destructive element. It reduces the authoritative opinions about political life but replaces it with nothing. This is the vital stem from which the "Apology of Socrates" is written. Because of the stinging attack on Athenian life, and the opinions which they revere so highly, Socrates is placed on trial for his life. The question now becomes why and in what manner did Socrates refute the gods and is he quilty?
Phiedippides has learned the principal of “knower o non-knower, nothing”, a danger to society that philosophy presents. This is a dangerous charge against Socrates, meaning that he teaches that “knower” owe the “non-knower” (or the less educated) nothing (Whidden). Phiedippides believed himself to be the intellectual superior over his parents and so has the power to beat them. Perhaps the youth in Athens were not taking intellectual superiority to this extreme, but there is evidence that Socrates has influenced the youth in other ways. After Socrates has spoken to the public, sophists arose.