2. Founding Apple was formed by Steven Jobs and Stephen Wozniak in 1976 to market the Apple I, a computer circuit board that they had designed and built in Jobs's garage in Los Altos, California. They scrapped their plan to sell the board alone when Jobs's first sales call yielded an order for 50 units. They were, however, sold without monitor, keyboard, or casing. The company was incorporated in January 1977 by the charismatic Jobs, the meditative inventor Wozniak, and their new partner and chairman, Mike Markkula.
In March, Jobs became chairman of Apple Computer. Following the historic visit to Xerox PARC 1979, Jobs and several engineers began to work with Macintosh, after the Lisa taken off by Mike Markkula and one of the major stockholders. Jobs was realized that Apple would have to become a “grown up” company to compete with IBM which was released its first PC. Because of that Jobs which was realized that he was not the man to make Apple become “grown up” company began to court John Sculley and he was successful. Sculley became president and CEO of Apple in April 1983.
In June of 1995, Apple had over one billion dollars worth of backorders, and did not have the materials to build them. On top of the current problems Apple was facing, Windows had released its latest version of its software, Window ‘95, which was too similar to the Mac and yet more simplistic. Pretty soon Spindler was asked to resign due to major losses the company faced when Apple had posted a loss of sixty-eight million dollars due to a misjudge of the market. Spindler was replaced by Gil Amelio, who was previously the president of the National Semiconductor. Through 1996 and part of 1997 Ameilo did his best to help Apple bring back is profit, but in the end his efforts were unsuccessful.
December of 1979 in exchange for company stock XEROX invited Jobs and several Apple employees to see the “Alto Computer” which featured a graphical user interface (GUI). The GUI allows for a user to navigate his/her computer using a mouse and click on objects as opposed to pressing a designated key. Jobs quotes saying that he was “instantly convinced” that all future computers would have a GUI, and set off to create an “insanely great” computer. In September 1980 Apple launched their IPO, within a year the stock’s value increased 1700%. (SOURCE) The success was overwhelming and amateur Jobs was not managing the company effectively.
It stood up in courts and now with a non IBM BIOS, the clone was created. Many manufacturers jumped in and started making their own IBM Compatible computers, and IBM eventually lost a big share in the desktop computers. While IBM was just getting started in the personal computer market, Apple was also just getting on its feet. It was founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak in 1976. They were both college drop outs, Steve Jobs out of Reed College in Oregon and Steve Wozniak from the University of Colorado.
From the beginning Jobs knew what the consumers wanted, and where computers were going to take the world; he had a vision of the opportunities in technology and saw that Apple needed to move in a different direction. In 1984, one year before he left, Jobs finished the Macintosh computer system. He was pushed from his original computer design project, “the Lisa”, and then raced to release the Mac first, but the Lisa was released to the public first. Although the Lisa came out first, the Mac “[became] synonymous with Apple, mark[ing] a…revolution in…personal computing,” (Peterson 106). Problems with the Board of Directors caused Jobs to leave Apple in 1985; as a result, the company descended into a downward spiral going from... ... middle of paper ... .... "Apple Computer."
Today I will be talking about the empire known as Apple. Where it originated, how far its come, the trials, and tribulations about this brilliant company. The story begins in 1976 when there were no home computers, Steve Wozniak, a brilliant engineer, created his own home computer that connected to his T.V. His friend Steve Jobs was too interested in the computer science realm and together on April 1st , 1976 they founded Apple Computer Co. Wozniak then went on to re-design his first idea into what is called the Apple II which became extremely popular due to its faster processing capabilities and its color screen. Steve Jobs went off to find investors, one of the major investors was Mike Markkula and finally with enough money they became big enough to mass produce the VisiCalc for Apple II which was the largest computer company in the early 80s.
Therefore he is not mentioned as one of its founders in most of bibliographies. At first the company was based at Jobs home, in his garage, but very quickly it grew and after a few years became a company, which employed thousands of employees. The construction works on a completely new computer model began in 1979. This time Apple was supposed to create a machine which did not need high computer skills to be operated with. The operation of the computer was based on graphic interface using a mouse to navigate it.
After leaving Apple, Steve Jobs launched Next, a computer company, but then sold it to Apple after coming back(“Steve Jobs Fast Facts”). This big company all started on April 1, 1976(“Steve Jobs Fast Facts”). Apple was originally named Apple Computer since they sold and made computers(Steve Jobs and Apple, 39). Over 4.5 million shares of Apple were sold within minutes(Steve Jobs and Apple, 39). Since both Jobs and Wozniak are the founders of Apple, they both created multiple devices for Apple, such as Macbooks and the first Apple I and Apple II.
Steve jobs changed the world by creating Apple, inc, that made products that were revolutnary for there time period. He won several awards for his inventions, he died of pancreatic cancer. Steve jobs was the co-founder of apple with Stephen Wozniak. Steve jobs got fired from apple in 1984. He then started a new business called NeXT computer that made special computers for education and businesses.