Analysis of George Orwell´s Novel: 1984

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“No one is free, even the birds are chained to the sky.” When ‘60s folksinger Bob Dylan spoke those words, he might very well have been lamenting the conditions described in George Orwell’s 1984. The novel depicts a totalitarian dystopia, Oceania, where there is no personal freedom and residents are being constantly brainwashed. Without sense of any personal fairness, people work for a ubiquitous political party, grinding out their various duties like gears in machines. In order to attain this, the political leaders in 1984 suppress people’s thinking and eliminate their freedom. This faceless but ubiquitous leadership – Big Brother – uses a range of techniques to suppress the people, including restrictive laws and incessant surveillance. However, the regime’s chief tool is propaganda, a perversion of language that denies residents the right to form their own ideas while at the same time altering the meanings of words to create a new language that reflects the values and aims of the government. In 1984, lies, myths and false information control the thinking of the residents. “Totalitarian regimes adopted a deliberate policy for infantizing their residents as a way of giving the ruler uncontested power over their lives” (Bryfonski 74). The Party uses propaganda as the deadliest weapon of power. Propaganda raises the residents’ morale and makes them think that what the party tells them to do is never wrong. There are predominantly two sorts of, one modifies truth, so-called doublethink, and the other creates fear. “Doublespeak” may be seen frequently in the world of 1984. The party’s slogan, “WAR IS PEACE. FREEDOM IS SLAVERY. IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.”(Orwell 4) is to convince the residents that what they want is what they already ha... ... middle of paper ... ...used in order to keep track of their parents, “The children, on the other hand, were systematically turned against their parents and taught to spy on them and report their deviations” (Orwell 76). With extreme surveillance, residents may not express their individual ideas towards the negative side of the Party, and even all thoughts are controlled due to the Party “reeducating” people for an incorrect facial expression. By using language as a tool of control as well as the evidence for sentences, Orwell makes a world where language, a word or a sentence, may determine one’s life. Though this language plays a key role in the Party’s propaganda, “laws” and surveillance, physical control, and psychological manipulation are achieved. In Oceania, the thoughts are continuously suppressed until they vanish after generations. In this world, nothing is free, not even a bird.
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