While schoolteachers assign George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four presumably to give us an impression of what life would be like under a totalitarian form of government, one which exercises absolute control over all aspects of life, the effort backfires: the disturbing premise for which Nineteen Eighty-Four stands is that human beings are capable of brainwashing. The government body in the society of Nineteen Eighty-Four, known simply as The Party, controls the people of Oceania prominently through control of the history and language of the people. "Reality exists in the mind and nowhere else," says O'Brien, the lead antagonist in the novel. By controlling these two of the leading factors of reality and relentlessly forcing them upon society from all angles, the people fall into line like sheep. Those that do not are perpetrators of the most feared crime of all, which is punished most severely, thoughtcrime. Thoughtcrime constitutes of almost any act of individuality: thinking freely, showing affection, even so much as reacting in a way that is not normal with the rest of one's peers. By the end of the book, one has realized the futility in attempting to resist such a power. "Amongst the most terrifying books" ever written, organized lying has replaced objective truth to create a society just realistic enough that it strikes a unique fear into readers, calmed only by the realization that such a society is impossible... or is it?
“ All animals are equal but some are more equal than others.” This quote from George Orwell's book, Animal Farm, is one of the mottos that the pigs from the story would use to convince the other farm animals to do what they say. This type of manipulation is known as a propaganda. A propaganda is information used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. Although some believe that propagandas are ineffective, this commonly isn't the case because there are a variety of ways that propagandas have been shown to be potent in both history and current events.
In society today for the most part, people are free to speak freely, connect with friends and family and stay in touch with what’s happening in everywhere. It’s not unusual think that everyone enjoys the same rights and privileges but in reality this is not so; in some parts of the world speaking one’s mind could result in death, broadcast agencies are forced to have their reports approved and leaders strategize wars and alliances like seasoned chess players. This might all sound very disheartening but is in fact tame compared to the literacy works and ideas conjured up by English author George Orwell in his novel 1984 which depicts fictional life under the cruel and all seeing “Big Brother” regime of futuristic London. During his lifetime growing up with the examples of a Soviet Union and Nazi Germany and later through his military experiences, Orwell witnessed firsthand how easily people could be manipulated and the truth become twisted. It is for this reason that George Orwell’s novel 1984 is an important work of literature because it discusses timeless themes like democracy, censorship, and politics which have all remained highly debated topics in society today.
The idea of a society where there is no freedom and the people have no rights, can be described through the warning foresights of a dystopia. In the novel, 1984, a country has lost all liberties to their government and war is commonly used as a political tool, as our government has done in the past. As our country continues down the path to becoming the dystopia described by George Orwell, it is seen that war is used as a political tool to help the government’s own agenda. By using wars to control the social views of the people, the products and wealth of the country, and the opinions of politicians and government officials, the governments of the United States and the country of Oceania can promote their own ideologies on others.
It has always been man’s dream to see and understand the future in an attempt to prepare himself for events which will eventually unfold. This hope is the premise for futuristic novels like George Orwell’s 1984, which, step by step, moves through the life of a rebellious citizen trapped in a world of deceit and propaganda. Very few people have been exposed to such a treacherous environment as Oceania, where Winston, the main character, resides. Therefore, it was necessary for the author to interject certain literary devices to allow for the ability to better relate to a character in Winston’s situation.
War is Peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength. These are the beliefs that the citizens of Oceania, in the novel titled 1984, written by George Orwell, live by. In this novel, Oceania, one of the three remaining world super powers, is a totalitarian, a society headed by 'Big Brother' and his regime, known as the ministries of Truth, Love, and Peace. A totalitarian government is defined as a government characterized by a political authority which exercises absolute and centralized control, and in which the state regulates every realm of life. This is the type of world that the citizens of Oceania must live in, ruled by fear and under force every day. The names of the different ministries for example, are quite ironic because the are actually the exact opposite of what they profess to be, the Ministry of Love torturing members of the party and so on. Historically, no such type of totalitarian society has ever been actually achieved. In the past, even though fascist and communist states have risen up and tried to achieve such a world, there has never been enough technology or a means by which a government could truly regulate every aspect of life, and thus there has been failure in every attempt at creating a truly totalitarian society. However, in this modern day, new technologies of every kind have made the possibility of such a society to arise a pending reality. Through things such as censorship of the media, new advances in spy technology, and the disintegration of the family in our world today, the world described by Orwell seems ever more a possibility. There are factors that exist in this book that pertain not only to the totalitarian regime of 1984, but apply directly to the democratic republic society in which United States citizens live today.
The state, society, and daily life in Oceania present obvious characteristics of a totalitarian state. In Oceania society, privacy and freedom to not exist. Citizens of Oceania are constantly monitored by telescreens, and subjected to a constant barrage of propaganda. With telescreens in everyone’s homes, it is very easy to broadcast the views and beliefs of The Party. Forms of propaganda include posters and slogans. In this society it is impossible to go anywhere without seeing a poster of Big Brother, reading slogans such as “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU” and “War is Peace…Freedom is...
To live a life free is to be capable to freely express and conjure ones own thoughts and feelings. And in the modern world, imagining a world where that does not exist is just unlikely. When a party overwhelms their citizens with the parties thoughts and feelings and forces the citizens to believe that their opinions are always simply wrong or seen as a betrayal towards the party, the human mind is then programmed to please the party. Psychological manipulation in the novel 1984 by George Orwell, is used as one of the party’ main control tactics. The party uses different forms of psychological manipulation within the society such as, the influence of telescreens to instill fear in citizens and create a lack of privacy within the society. Secondly, the party uses psychological manipulation in the children by inducing them into groups that are pro Big Brother at a young age. And also, the party uses ones sexual desires and pleasures to dehumanize what would be a pleasurable act, to being an obligation to further please the party. Because of the dehumanizing effects of psychological manipulations, the manipulation of the way one thinks is the most dangerous means of control. Therefore, in the novel 1984 methods of manipulation, characters and situations display the dangers of this control.
figure of “Big Brother”. The state of Oceania is under constant surveillance by the Inner Party,
When George Orwell’s epic novel 1984 was published in 1949 it opened the public’s imagination to a future world where privacy and freedom had no meaning. The year 1984 has come and gone and we generally believe ourselves to still live in “The Land of the Free;” however, as we now move into the 21st Century changes brought about by recent advances in technology have changed the way we live forever. Although these new developments have seamed to make everyday life more enjoyable, we must be cautious of the dangers that lie behind them for it is very possible that we are in fact living in a world more similar to that of 1984 than we would like to imagine.
“Now I will tell you the answer to my question. It is this. The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power, pure power” (263). Through removing all power from the people, the Party gains the ability to prevent a revolt, or even the idea of a revolt, from happening. Orwell creates a comprehensive and vivid vision of a successful totalitarian government – an eerily effective warning to the future.
Take a second to think about the word propaganda. What comes to mind? Do events such as World War II or The Cold War? According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, propaganda is a noun which means “the systematic propagation of a doctrine or cause or of information reflecting the views and interests of those advocating such a doctrine or cause.” In other words, propaganda, in this particular definition, is viewed as the deliberate transmission of an idea or document that a group of people believe in. This definition suits the description of propaganda in the novel 1984 by George Orwell. The Inner Party is pushing the concept of “Big Brother,” the ultimate leader. But words can have multiple meanings and can leave room for interpretation. In an alternate definition, from The Analysis of Propaganda by W. Hummell and K. Huntress, propaganda is defined in a different manner:
War Is Peace. Freedom Is Slavery. Ignorance Is Strength. The party slogan of Ingsoc illustrates the sense of contradiction which characterizes the novel 1984. That the book was taken by many as a condemnation of socialism would have troubled Orwell greatly, had he lived to see the aftermath of his work. 1984 was a warning against totalitarianism and state sponsored brutality driven by excess technology. Socialist idealism in 1984 had turned to a total loss of individual freedom in exchange for false security and obedience to a totalitarian government, a dysutopia. 1984 was more than a simple warning to the socialists of Orwell's time. There are many complex philosophical issues buried deep within Orwell's satire and fiction. It was an essay on personal freedom, identity, language and thought, technology, religion, and the social class system. 1984 is more than a work of fiction. It is a prediction and a warning, clothed in the guise of science fiction, not so much about what could happen as it is about the implications of what has already happened. Rather than simply discoursing his views on the social and political issues of his day, Orwell chose to narrate them into a work of fiction which is timeless in interpretation. This is the reason that 1984 remains a relevant work of social and philosophical commentary more than fifty years after its completion.