George Orwell’s 1984 depicts life the way that George Orwell predicted it would be, based on his personal experiences, if the world continued to have war and corrupt governments. Orwell was a strong believer in socialism as an idea yet he knew that it would struggle to work as an actual form of government. In 1984 he shows both the pros and cons to socialism and how it can turn into totalitarianism. One of the main concepts that Orwell expresses in 1984 is that total power in the hands of any corrupt government will deprive the people of every social class of all basic freedoms. Despite its claim to be helping the people of Oceania, the government, known as The Party has become a totalitarian dictatorship.
Since the principles of INGSOC fail to inspire thinking people like Winston, the Party has no choice but to use extreme force and coercion to stay in power. Orwell calls upon his readers to recognize the evil and frailty of the Party and fight to prevent the spread of totalitarianism. While Orwell does not advocate for a specific alternative system, undercurrents of Socialism, Democracy, and Capitalism pervade.
The Inner party’s propaganda campaigns have prevented their members from forming meaningful relationships, thus allowing the party to have complete control. The party distracts the general public by preying on their fear, which prevents them from creating resistance against the party. The Outer party is incapable of opposing the Inner party, as they allowed the rise of the Inner party, and are now forced to turn a blind eye, out of fear. Winston also thinks: “If there was hope, it must lie in the proles, because only there, in those swarming disregarded masses, eighty-five percent of the population of Oceania, could the force to destroy the party ever be generated”(69). The proles only worry about their simple life, and not their government.
In the novel of 1984 by George Orwell, citizens of Oceania, constantly live in fear of saying, doing or thinking of anything that is socially unacceptable in their everyday lives through an endless surveillance without being aware of it. The country venerates the idol known as Big Brother in the government’s hierarchy structure, and has information that is strictly measured and filtered to benefit the one-party system. Orwell’s 1984 attacks the totalitarianism of the East while warning the West of its consequences. In assurance to eliminate any effort of insurrection, citizens of Oceania were under surveillance by the government around the clock. Oceania’s law enforcement was known, as the thought police, who were undercover police who convicted
Orwell uses the setting to express the effects of the Party’s reign in Oceania. The Party shows their dominance and power by making the four buildings of The Party “startlingly different from any other object in sight” and “completely dwarf the surrounding architecture” (Orwell 4). This is done to remind the people that The Party holds ultimate power and the people hold none. In addition, the setting also reflects the dystopia the people are living in. Due to the Party’s desire to keep the people in poverty in order to keep them concerned about survival rather than politics, the residences of th... ... middle of paper ... ... starting objective of essentially removing power from any selects group’s hands to keeping all power in the hands of a select few.
A totali... ... middle of paper ... ...ion between the audiences because it makes it relatable; "If the Party could thrust its hand into the past and say this or that even, it never happened—that, surely, was more terrifying than mere torture and death”(1948, Orwell). This is a personification, giving it a figure of a monster. Justice is merely subjective and it’s represented with different perspectives in the novel, it depends on the context of the society and willingness of the citizens of Oceania to make their own justice against the laws set by the government. In 1984 by Orwell, he tries to warn the audience of what the world would be like if there was a totalitarian government. He depicts justice being served as something bad, because justice in this novel refers to the following of the laws and not moral justice.
The right to think and speak out against the government is a cornerstone of any free, democratic society. This freedom was denied to the people living in Germany and the Soviet Union under their totalitarian dictators of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin. Many warned of the dangerous path these types of totalitarian societies could lead to. In 1984, George Orwell warned western audiences of the threat totalitarian societies imposed on the freedom to think differently than the government as he saw in Nazi Germany and the communist Soviet Union in the late 1940s. 1984 centers around a man named Winston Smith in the futuristic, negative utopian society of Oceania.
1984, by George Orwell, is a novel that is ultimately about a totalitarian form of government and it's negative aspects that it imposes on society. The readers clearly see that George Orwell opposes this form of government because it limits not only freedoms, but the idea of freedom itself. The idea of pure freedom is shattered as we see the protagonist's mission to overthrow Big Brother fail. Big Brother may have not even been real. However, the fear that this imaginery person/ organization imposed on society was real.
We think this is crazy and could never happen, but George Orwell illustrates, throughout his novel 1984, the possible dangers of complete government control. Even though this exaggerated society seems farfetched, many of his fictional governmental qualities are starting to line up with our government today. Throughout the novel the totalitarian government, called Big Brother, is constantly attacking the people psychologically. One of the first things that strikes protagonist Winston Smith is a poster in the street, reading “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU” (Orwell 5). From the very beginning of the book, the government is already shoving fear down on top of the citizens of Oceana.
Winston is a character that gains hope that maybe he may be able to change the way the government treats the citizens of Oceania. He gradually begins to become more and more rebellious because the government view Winston as a threat they decide to manipulate him to be like every other brainwashed citizen living in Oceania. Winston loses his battle against the Party which cause his search for justice to collapse. So in the end, a strong totalitarian government can destroy your state of mind from believing something that is truly necessary such as searching for justice to believing that a place that is controlling and manipulative to be the right thing.