Analysis Of Punished By Victor Rios

analytical Essay
1127 words
1127 words

Victor Rios is a previous gang member, whom “was given the opportunity” to get out of the youth control complex. In his book “Punished”, he analyzes the experiences of young black and Latino boys in Oakland, California. Rios gives us an intimate description of some of the everyday forms of “hyper discrimination” these minority boys experience. This book review will focus on the main concepts explained in chapters one through three from the book Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys. Chapter one focuses mainly on the patterns of punishment expressed on Black and Hispanic boys. He begins the chapter by describing a young Hispanic boy’s negative experiences on the streets of his neighborhood with the police as something that occurs …show more content…

In his observation of the boys, he finds that these boys are criminalized by many social forces besides the police. “I found that schools pushed out boys who had been victimized.” (pg. 6). Many boys feel that their school system blames them for crimes that have occurred in their area, or as a danger to other students in the classroom. These boys think that these experiences of victimization are part of their street life. Rios says that if the institutions of social control believe that all young people follow the code of the street, then programs and interactions with margined youth’s will be based on this false information. This dishonest perception of youth is what leads to their …show more content…

The flatlands are Oakland’s poorest districts, not surprisingly associated with crime and drugs. Rios explains that although the youth he is studying are in one of the country’s most dangerous cities, most of the boys in this area live productive lives. “I argue that criminalization is embedded in Oakland’s social order, that it is a fabric of everyday life… developed a powerful youth control complex…” (pg. 27). He believes that youth in Oakland are being criminalized racially, and being further labeled as deviants with the national advents of social control (mass incarcerations). The “collateral consequences” of criminalization was found to be worse for Black’s, but both groups understood the punitive social control as a collective

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes victor rios' book punished: policing the lives of black and latino boys in oakland, california.
  • Analyzes how chapter one focuses mainly on the patterns of punishment expressed on black and hispanic boys. after shadowing these boys for three years, he found that the majority of these youth were experiencing the effects associated with stereotypes.
  • Analyzes how rios explains the components of the criminalization process, and its direct effects on minority youth.
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