Klein explains that another place that has been greatly affected is Los Angeles. Los Angeles has over 950 different gangs with more than 100,000 members. They are not just limited to inner-city ghettos, but are active in over 800 cities nation wide. Overall, nearly 100 cities with population’s less then 10,000 report active street gangs (Klein). Many stereotypes of gangs have been fabricated.
“African-Americans first formed street gangs in the late 1920s and early 1930s on the east side of Los Angeles near Central and Vernon Avenues. They were also forming in the downtown area of Los Angeles around the same time.” 4 Los Angeles is not the only area where gangs are visible, but it is often the area that will be associated with the topic of gang violence. “During the years to follow the early 1930s, African-Americans began to move south from downtown Los Angeles, down Central Ave towards Slauson Avenue.” 4 Whites primarily occupied this area during the 1920s, but African-Americans started moving in when the 1930s began. As the years went on and the time became closer to the present, these old gangs faded away, and new gangs surfaced. These new gangs were a more violent, dangerous type of group.
(Savelli) In the 1960s African American street gangs formed in cities like Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York. (Savelli) Crips and Bloods started in the late 1960s. (Savelli) There are over 500 gangs here in Fresno (Overend) that are well known to many of us, like 18th Street, Asian Boyz, Black P. Stone Nation, Bloods, Crips, Florencia 13, Bulldogs, Mara Salvatrucha, Nortenos and Surenos. (“Appendix B. Street Gangs”) There are also some that are around that are not well known like BTL (Burrel Town Loks), Playboy Surenos, Los cyclones, Sixth Street and VTL along with many others.
The Harlem Renaissance played a major role in African American art, music, poetic writing styles, culture and society. It all started after World War I and during the Great Depression in New York’s Harlem neighborhood where a lot of people lived. The first building given to black tenants was on West 134th Street. The area was called “The Capital of Black America” and “The Black Mecca” of the world (Harlem Renaissance.) From 1900 to 1920 the black population of New York City increased by ninety-one thousand.
The number of properties owned or that were managed by blacks decreased from thirty percent to five percent. The Harlem Renaissance had a major impact on all African Americans. The Jazz Age changed the American society forever, when African American music was integrated.
“According to the Tuskegee Institute figures, between the years 1882 and 1951, 4,730 people were lynched in the United States: 3,437 Negro and 1,293 white” (Yale). For decades African Americans would have to endure the hatred, unfairness, and lynching from a large portion of the white community. It was only till large organized groups such as the NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, formed that things really began to change for African Americans. The NAACP started over 100 years ago and has remained a very influential and active organization over those 100 years. Although it would take time the NAACP and other groups would eventually make life as an African American in the United States safe, secure, and equal.
175,000 of these African-Americans settled in New York City. Between the end of World War I and 1924, some significant works made by African-Americans were published; these works revealed the increasing creative fervor developing in Harlem. The groundbreaking book A Social History of the American Negro by Benjamin Brawley was published. The book that really drew attention to Harle... ... middle of paper ... ...f the Soul Men." History Today Aug. 1997: 31(2).
The rights of African Americans were protected and in the 1970s there was a sharp increase in the number of blacks elected in the government. Tom Bradley became the first black to be voted in as a Mayor in the major city of Los Angles in 1973. Even with the gains, the fight over racial segregation and prejudice in the Unites States continued to the twenty-first century. Works Cited Wormser, R. The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2003.
Gangs and Injunctions Criminal activities and gangs have mostly always been an on going problem in the United States. Gangs and gang members are frequently involved with a variety of different crimes. The 2008 National Youth Gang Survey reported that there are approximately 774,000 active gang members in the United States (Egley, Howell, & Moore, 2010). The 2008 National Youth Gang Survey also states that there are about 27,900 active gangs in the United States (Egley et al., 2010). The active gangs in California have caused a major impact on the state in many ways.
Also, that group of about one million people is accountable for up to eighty percent of our nation’s crimes. Since 2005, gangs have nationally added about 200,000 members. This is why more action from the community needs to be taken to help with the growing gang-related crimes here in America. To start off, origins of gangs are unclear, but some researchers say that gangs came to America in the early 1800s. These first gangs were in New York and Philadelphia and members of these adult gangs were from the Irish, German, and Italian ethnic groups.