Educators produce a wide variety of experiences, perceptions, prospects, learning and abilities to their education (DEEWR, 2009, p. 9). In my career and through my studies, my philosophy and pedagogy have been closely linked with the constructivist theory from Piaget. Being able to focus on a child’s interests and creating learning activities that are implemented as fun is a big part of my motivation as an educator and teacher. The educational environment needs to sustain every single child along with inspiring significant work that can result in more advanced thinking (Evanshen and Faulk, 2011, p. 225). Following Piaget’s ideas while implementing the EYLF has made for a simple straight forward way of supplying quality learning experiences for children from birth to 12 years old and it has helped me widen the scope of each experience to allow for multiple levels of developmental stages. Using a constructivist approach to learning allows for the breaking down of the experience as a whole into smaller parts which brings the focus around to the process of learning (Evanshen and Faulk, 2011, p. 667). Overall I believe Piaget’s Theory to be one of the most important influences in modern teaching, allowing scaffolding of learning in a place that that
There are many assessments of Vygotsky and Jean Piaget's work during their lifetimes and deaths. Many of their theories have gone beyond what I am sure that they had expected for them too. Teachers, researchers and parents dabble in their theories of child development, social development and other theories when going about their lives. Whether it is a job or parenting it is a must to know about these two philosophers and what they believed to be real.
Throughout Piaget’s studies he focuses on how children develop intellectually as well as perceive the world around them. His ultimate goal was to shed light on young children’s development in which he grouped into stages to help encourage developmentally appropriate activities. Piaget’s wanted to make sure that as educators each child was being taught within their realm of knowledge and environmental appropriate settings. Through his teaching young children are being taught by hands on experiences that includes regulated time of structured teaching, self-selected activities, physical activities and proper rest time.
Piaget and Vygotsky each created their own particular ideas of child development. Piaget differentiated development into four stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, operational, and concrete. Conversely, Vygotsky based his theory of development on the fundamental ideas that children construct knowledge, learning can prompt development, development cannot be differentia...
Some may consider his theory to be way too complex, because the terminology he uses is difficult to understand. But his work truly shows his devotion to understanding the forces that shape the child’s development. His theories have greatly impacted the way society views and observes children’s behaviors to their environment. Through his composite and unconventional way of approaching situations, his distinctive clinical method created the field of developmental psychology. Even through his struggle Piaget continued to engage in questions of method, throughout his first era of exploration. His work brought about theoretical concerns and a powerful attention to the logical discussion between adult researchers and children of various ages. Piaget’s method continues to mold development research and theory to this day (Mayer,
Being the second oldest of eight children, there was never a dull moment in our house. Personality differences were common but the love we had for each other was obvious. With this being said, I am the only child out of those eight that has not only graduated high school but I am now working towards my Bachelor Degree in Elementary Education. We were a poor family and education was not on the top of the list of priorities. The first four of us were like stair-steps and seven years later came another set of stair-step children. My closest sister, Evie, was deaf and my mother sent us both to a school for the hearing impaired to ensure someone could communicate with her. I have fond memories of this school and the time Evie and I were able
Piaget believed a child is unable to understand until they progress through with age appropriately. Vygotsky in contrast believed a child could receive assistance or with proper scaffolding could attempt to participate in problem solving. The approach to providing instruction is different as well. Piaget thought the child could discover independently through play and discovery. While Vygotsky stated a child could have learned though guided instruction. This is similar to Accountable Talk, where the teacher can ask assessing and advancing questions to move instruction. Although the students are learning through discovery, they are being guided and pushed by the teacher with quality questioning. In contrast, Piaget believed in productive struggle where the child struggles through as they are attempting to figure out a solution
On the contrary, it was often as good as many adult scientists. However, children’s limited life experience meant that they had not assembled and processed enough information about the natural and social world to come to the same conclusions that adults do. But Piaget concludes that children should not be oppressed with more facts at an early age, he believed the opposite. That such oppression would condition children to expect the answers to come from outside themselves, robbing them of their creativity. He also believed that adults must use caution about correcting children’s “mistaken notions.” If done too harshly, or in a patronizing manner, such correcting shames them into intellectual passivity, causing them to abandon their innate urge to figure things out for themselves and to come up with new and creative
Both Vygotsky and Piaget were brilliant minds with theories that significantly moved the psychological field of study forward. However, I feel more strongly that Piaget’s theory that has to do with adaptation of already available schemes of an individual is superiorly applied to how I see children
Children tend to learn more when they know why what they are learning is important and if that material is presented in an interesting way. Take for example a preschool teacher who needs to teach her class about the different shapes. Instead of just showing her students a poster with the different shapes on it, she has her students get out of their seats and begin exploring the classroom for differently shaped objects. Once they have found some objects, have them share with the class what the object is and what shape it is. This exercise will not only help the other students learn the shape of the object, but it will also help the student who is sharing. Piaget believed that children’s cognitive growth is fostered when they are physically able to experience certain situations. By having students share with the class what shapes their objects are, they are fostering their public speaking
A program that I would discover for a 6-year old would be counting numbers and identifying objects by placing post-its on the items. This program would help the child remember objects by increasing all types of their speech. These two programs would be different because Vygotsky would believe that the child learning in both programs differ culturally, while Piaget would think that the children’s learning is caused by universal characters. Vygotsky might believe that a child who is learning expeditiously or slowly is due to social factors, while Piaget would disagree. Lastly, Vygotsky might believe that a child could be learning but we may not be aware of this because a child may keep it as internal thoughts rather than Piaget’s view that thoughts form language. The similarity between both programs I have addressed is the idea behind the activity, learning, and involvement of learning children.
According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, grade 5 children are at concrete operational stage. They are able to solve hands-on problems in logical fashion, understands laws of conservation and is able to classify and seriate objects, and understands reversibility ( Hockenberry, 2014b). Grade 5 students write reflections in their health education class. They understand there could be more than one answer to each questions. In addition, they know how to group similar objects, how to arrange (seriate) numbers from increasing and decreasing order, and how to calculate multiplications like 2*4=4+4=8, and they can answer the question even when the numbers changed position to 4*2=8. Furthermore, when they discuss about a book, they
In regards to child development, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are both highly regarded and well known for their theories. Some educators view themselves as Piagetian while others view themselves as Vygotskians. They see Piaget and Vygotsky as being vastly different. Then there are others who see similarities between the two and hold both Piaget and Vygotsky as correct in their theories. The purpose of this paper is to examine the similarities and differences between Piaget and Vygotsky and determine what can be gained by better understanding these theories.
The student I am observing is going through the preoperational thought stage of Piaget’s cognitive development theory. Throughout this stage children are engaging in symbolic play and also learning to manipulate symbols. In this stage children lack the understanding of conservation and are very egocentric. They lack the understanding that things look different to other people and that objects can change in appearance while still maintaining the same properties. Children's vocabulary is also growing very rapidly they should have an expressive vocabulary of 3,000 to 5,000 words. It’s our job to provide our students with a strong vocabulary but, also build a rapport with our parents to get them interacting more with their children. Studies show
Even though Piaget didn’t believe in the significance of inputs that could be acquired from the environment, but yet Vygotsky was very confident that children that children where very acknowledgeable of the inputs from their environment around them. Piaget’s cognitive development theory has four stages to it. His first stage was the sensorimotor stages which happens from birth until a child is two years old. This stages infants rely solely on their reflexes like rooting and sucking. Preoperational stage is the 2nd stage and it happen from the age of 2years old up until a child is 7 years of age, and during this stage children feel as if everyone thinks like they do. His 3rd stage is known as the concrete operational stage, that occurs when children are 7-11 years of age and during this stage children will start to feel a lot of improvement in their thinking. Piaget’s last stage was known as the formal operational stage, and at this stage children are able to understand and recognize symbols, and master abstract thinking. Children are also have the ability to solve intricate problems on their own. And even in contrast, Vygotsky assumed that there are no set of phases. And even in contrast Vygotsky thought that there was no set of phrase for children. But he felt that private speech was way more essential to the aid for children when they are thinking about an issue they are having/ going through. Private speech can be internalized sooner or later, but it’s something that never goes away. Unlike Piaget, Vygotsky didn’t think that the development could be detached from social context while children can create knowledge and lead their