"What Americans would not do…for the vindication of a fundamental first principle: the right of the people to determine their own future," comments Albert R. Papa in his article "The Allure of Civics Book Democracy". While nearly all Americans recognize the benefits of a democratic nation, the Federalists maintain that often times, minority and ma... ... middle of paper ... ...stem is to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few, the presidential veto hardly accomplishes this goal. Although the president cannot create new law, his ability to prevent new law resembles the power held by a dictator. How democratic can one man's vote be? The Federalists believed in a form of government that is not consistent with the textbook definition of "majority rules".
In other words, they thought it was fine to “read between the lines” of the Constitution. While on the other hand people like Jefferson and Madison believed that there is “no read between the lines” the Constitution says what it says and we must follow it by those rules. Federalists also believed in strong/active federal government, faith in government order, pro-tax, and industrial/commercial economy. Conversely, the republicans wanted a weak/inactive federal government, they were fearful of the government, anti-tax, and agrarian economy. Federalists believed the future of our country was in commerce, business, trade, and industry.
Madison argues that a strong and large republic would best control the effects of factions, rather than a smaller republic. Madison also argues for representation in government rather than direct democracy. With delegates, the passions of the people would-be filtered, and only the ideas that are good for the majority of the people would prevail. Madison expands his argument in Federalist No.10 by having three separate branches of government, the judicial, legislative, and executive. Each branch would be independent and have equal power.
James Madison begins his famous federalist paper by explaining that the purpose of this essay is to help the readers understand how the structure of the proposed government makes liberty possible. Each branch should be, for the most part, in Madison's opinion, independent. To assure such independence, no one branch should have too much power in selecting members of the other two branches. If this principle were strictly followed, it would mean that the citizens should select the president, the legislators, and the judges. But, the framers recognized certain practical difficulties in making every office elective.
And that we would live in a state of harmony. Locke believed that all men had friendly nature and would do no harm. And that man had to learn for experiences during life. He believed that the state had to protect mans three natural rights life, liberty and property. Locke saw the government as a safeguard to protect the rights of the individuals as the guarantor of society and the consenting government.
This belief on the national government was evident in his Federalist writing... ... middle of paper ... ...of different political groups headed by their common creators. Madison and Hamilton both adored their new country, yet differed on how they believed it needs to be run. This dispute appeared in their documents and in their rival political factions. The most outright discordance was their analysis of exactly how the Constitution had been created. Hamilton thought that loose building was vital to ensure that the federal government could consider a legislation and afterwards choose exactly how they believed it put on them.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke have authored two works that have had a significant impact on political philosophy. In the “Leviathan” by Hobbes and “Two Treatises of Government” by Locke, the primary focus was to analyze human nature to determine the most suitable type of government for humankind. They will have confounding results. Hobbes concluded that an unlimited sovereign is the only option, and would offer the most for the people, while for Locke such an idea was without merit. He believed that the government should be limited, ruling under the law, with divided powers, and with continued support from its citizens.
As Madison prepares for his term in office, the citizens of the United States were most likely expecting him to be more open to suggestion in his interpretations of the Constitution. However, during a speech by Daniel Webster, a Federalist speaking on behalf of the entire Federalist Party, and a veto on internal improvements, Madison proves that he truly is not a loose constructionist as his party would have preferred him to be. Both Madison and Jefferson are guilty of frequently going against the general ideas of their parties in order to meet their needs at a certain time. In Jefferson's letter to Gideon Granger, a future member of his cabinet, he speaks of giving the states more power, which goes against the reasoning behind the drafting of the Constitution; to unite a new country. As a true Republican, Jefferson should have stuck close to ... ... middle of paper ... ... with the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison.
They wanted state’s rights and individual rights, which they believed could only be granted under strict construction of the constitution. Thomas Jefferson, the third president, and James Madison, his successor, were close friends and lifelong political associates. Long regarded as advocates for liberty, Jefferson and Madison believed in the principles of government and sought to restore the spirit of the revolution of 1776. These republicans spoke out against anti-monarchial attitudes and opposed the aristocratic and elitist attitudes of the federalists (Peterson, 1975). A weaker central government by the people was the goal of the republican party.
There are many things that the government does well. There are definitely flaws in the systems, but the government does its job of upholding the values espoused by the Enlightenment regarding the proper role of government. The government does establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, providing common defense, promoting the general welfare, and securing the blessing of liberty. Here are the facts on how the government provide these things and how it makes America healthy: The first way the government upholds the values of the Enlightenment is by establishing justice. Establishing justice is the government 's legal system that makes fair decisions for its citizens.