Analysis Of Eyewitness Testimony

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Elizabeth Loftus, is a psychologist, mainly concerned with how subsequent information can affect an eyewitness’s testimony. Loftus has focused on misleading information in both the difference in wording of questions and how these questions can influence eyewitness testimony. This research is important because frequently, eyewitness testimony is a crucial element in criminal proceedings. Throughout Loftus’s career she has found a witness’s memory is highly flexible and subject to being influenced. The classic study by Loftus and Palmer (1974), illustrates that eyewitness testimony can be influenced by leading questions and ultimately proved unreliable.
It must be noted that eyewitness testimony is rarely given immediately after the traumatic …show more content…

This is what sparked the use of anatomical dolls in cases of sexual abuse with children. Multiple interviews with children and other witnesses with disabilities can also result in suggestive testimony. The first interviewer may have communicated suggestions to the child which are then repeated as truth in the subsequent testimony. In the past an investigation of child abuse might have the victim interviewed by a detective, a child protective services caseworker, a physician and a prosecutor. When the research indicated a problem with suggestive interviewing, a concern began to develop that the child was parroting to the later interviewers what they believed the prior interviewers desired to hear. This has led to the development of family advocacy centers where a child is interviewed a single time by a specialist and the information provided to appropriate …show more content…

This study was conducted on 30 students, having two versions of film depicting a quarrel between a man and woman passing each other on the street. The only variations of the film was the angle captured from the street camera and one participant watched the video for seven minutes while the other only watched two minutes. Then each participant had a few moments to converse about the events seen. De Puiseau et al. (2012) employed using a method based on the cultural consensus theory, which would account for the differences in each eyewitness’s knowledge. Then each participant had 110 recognition questions ranging topics included crime scene, perpetrator, victim, action, and general information. It was found among all 30 participants answered correctly 83.63% of the 110 item-questionnaire (De Puiseau, et al., 2012). The study also compared the group context model (GCM) to the majority rule, and it was found that the GCM was much higher in correctly estimating the answers (De Puiseau, et al, 2012). This study is important to note as in each crime it is expected that there is at least four eyewitnesses, and most likely when one does not understand the events or wants assurance what they saw, they confer with the others. In extreme cases like the

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