An Overview of Counseling and Psychotherapy

1103 Words5 Pages
An Overview of Counseling and Psychotherapy I. Title Overview of Counseling and Psychotherapy II. Definition Psychotherapy is the treatment of individuals with emotional problems, behavioral problems, or mental illness primarily through verbal communication. At one time the term psychotherapy referred to a form of psychiatric treatment used with severely disturbed individuals. Counseling, on the other hand, refers to the treatment of people with milder psychological problems or to advice given on vocational and educational matters. Counseling psychologists usually work in schools or industrial firms, advising and assisting people. Today the distinction between psychotherapy and counseling is quite blurred, and many mental health professionals use the terms interchangeably. III. Presentation and Discussion Psychotherapy is an important form of treatment for many kinds of psychological problems. In most types of psychotherapy, as well as counseling, a person discusses his or her problems one-on-one with a therapist. The therapist tries to understand the person's problems and to help the individual change distressing thoughts, feelings, or behaviors. People often seek psychotherapy when they have tried other approaches, like counseling, to solving a personal problem. For example, people who are depressed, anxious, or have drug or alcohol problems may find that talking to friends or family members is not enough to resolve their problems. Sometimes people may want to talk to a therapist about problems they would feel uncomfortable discussing with friends or family, such as being sexually abused as a child. Finding a therapist to talk to who is knowledgeable about emotional problems, has patients' best inte... ... middle of paper ... ...sychological Tests Theories, Administration, Scoring, and Applications. Manila: Rex Bookstore Inc., 1995. Elmes, David G., Barry H. Kantowitz, and Henry L. Roediger III. Research Methods in Psychology. Minnesota: Houghton Mifflin, 1981. Gormly, Anne V. Understanding Psychology. California: Glencoe/McGraw Hill, 1986. Heiman, Gary W. Research Methods in Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999. Hill, Clara E. Therapist Techniques and Client Outcomes. California: Sage Publications, Inc., 1989. Kalat, James W. Introduction to Psychology. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1990. Kisker, George W. The Disorganized Personality. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1964. Peake, Thomas H., Charles M. Bordium, and Robert P. Archer. Brief Psychotherapies: Changing Frames of Mind. California: Sage Publications
Open Document