Race and injustice was preasant in World War 1 for African Americans. Before the war, Blacks were very ambitious about joining hoping that they could earn more rights and respect. Over one million showed up for the draft. Only to find out that during the war most Acfrican American soldiers were not in the trenches but rather digging them. And they were even more disappointed that when the war was over things almost got worse, with the introducement of the Jim Crow laws treating their race like they are less than human.
African Americans were very questionable at first in the Civil War. The Union Navy had been already been accepting African American volunteers. Frederick Douglass thought that the military would help the African Americans have equal rights if they fought with them. Many children helped in the Civil War also, no matter how old they were. Because the African Americans were unfavorable, black units were not used in combat as they might have been.
1.2 million Black Americans served in World War II however many found themselves placed in noncombat units unable to gain any respect from white Americans. Despite this, the millions of blacks who signed up willingly and those who found themselves drafted, saw this as their chance to prove to the United States that they were equal to the white American. Although they had been told they would be given separate but equal rights, this was not the case in the military even outside the United States. Not only did they fight the enemy of the war, African-Americans also saw the same racism they experienced at home follow them to the battlefront. In World War II, the racism and Jim Crow Laws had no effect on the fighting skill of the Black Soldiers in combat.
African American soldiers had to contend with racism from white soldiers especially in the beginning.” In the movie, Sergeant Major John Rawlins is completely disrespected even though he was a higher rank. This quote backs up the fact that African American soldiers were disrespected and not looked as equal to white soldiers because of their skin color. This helps prove that the movie was accurate in showing how African American soldiers were treated poorly by disrespect from other white soldiers. In a letter by the Superintendent of the Organization of Kentucky Black Troops, he writes this to the General Adjutant General of the
Some whites stated that they would run at the first sign of danger! The blacks were not allowed to fight until needed. They were offered the same rights as the white soldiers, but discrimination always interfered.Most black soldiers did not receive equal pay and benefits. Even whites who supported the idea of blacks in army were harassed. The Confederacy objected strongly to the North's use of black soldiers because they grew fearful of losing slaves to the Union armies.
Many lower class-rural-civilians had never seen a black person before and were overcome by this different race. Many citizens did not hate the blacks, they stood up for them in local pubs when an American from the south would try and kick a black man out. The problem for blacks did not lie with the citizens of G.B., it laid with the government. Great Britain agreed to segregate blacks with the "Notes on Relations with Colored Troops" because they desperately needed to go along with American ideals so American military would continue to help them in World War II. In the U.S. blacks did not have respect from the nation they were "fighting" for.
I do not believe that the Americans of African and European ancestry successfully rebuilt their relationship right after the Civil war. Even though slavery was finally slowly getting abolished, there was still much discrimination against the African Americans. The Jim Crow laws and the black codes discriminated against black people. The Ku Klux Klan in particular discriminated against black people. Even though the United States government tried to put laws into the Constitution to protect black people, the African Americans were discriminated in every aspect of life from housing, working, educating, and even going to public restrooms!
Policies for African Americans in the Army During WWII meaningless attempts were made to rid the country of segregation, most of these attempts came as a direct result of the military's non-integration policy. The strong "superiority idea" of whites over blacks reduced the government's attempt want integration to mere rocks in the ground that came as a thorn instead of a stepping stool It was the idea of blacks that if they fault for their country once more, would reap the benefits and achieve the racial equality they had " fought for, for hundreds of years. Although they searched for this integration in the military, they found little advances during the war. Black leaders lobbied for an increase of African Americans in the military. Along side the new integration policies were hidden segregated clauses, blacks could not win for loosing.
The first lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, said: "The nation cannot expect the colored people to feel that the U.S. is worth defending if they continue to be treated as they are treated now” (“Turning”). This was important because the African Americans were being deprived of their civil rights, yet they still supported The United States during the war. With the draft, many blacks were able to enlist and bring themselves out of poverty. The draft amplified the amount of African Americans present in the military, and with the war worsening the segregation of the troops began to diminish. The desegregation occurred due to the difficulty to keep the troops separated when they were both being destroyed.
Racial Discrimination Against Non-whites During the time of War World II, many group of nonwhite race faced unfairness in the United States. Among all the minorities that were being discriminated against, the two most well known races were the African American and the Japanese American. They were treated unfairly due to their color and culture. Even though they are two totally distinct groups with different customs and backgrounds, they felt similar the way they were being treated. Both group were denied of their right as U.S. citizen.