Second, play supports children’s reasoning of cause and effect. Under teachers’ mediations, children cultivate their interests to learn language. Third, play with pleasure is th... ... middle of paper ... ...performance will benefit them later in life. Play environments give children many and varied life experiences. Active involvements and interactions with peers and adults give young children opportunity to learn and communicate more.
Nature of Young Children and how they learn A well planned curriculum is a great star... ... middle of paper ... ...nik, Meltzoff, Kuhl, 2011). These action can increase children’s ability to learn and interact with teachers and classmates. In addition, teachers can enhance children’s understanding for social, cognitive and physical with appreciate materials and toys. Physical development increases children’s social skills with their peers, language and literacy comprehensions and promote other skills such as math and social studies perceptions. Most parents believe when children are moving they are just playing.
Children are given the opportunity to grow and develop through their play experiences. Educators support the children by giving them the proper tools and materials, and modeling the behaviours and skills they would like the children to follow to develop appropriately. Children will learn to do many things with the help and guidance of their educators, but while the children are playing, the main focus is on them and how they will learn and interpret things. Children are continually growing and developing through many different ways. They grow physically, cognitively (mentally), and finally emotionally.
As mentioned previously children learn by observation, so when educators display these dispositions they help promote children 's own development of them. The EYLF also helps to show the importance of teachers possessing positive dispositions. Within the document the outcomes are broken down to show how they are evident in children and how educators can promote the their development, through out the suggested strategies for educators it expresses an importance in them role modelling and exposing the children to the skills they need to develop. Educators are asked to display “delight, encouragement and enthusiasm for children’s attempts... model care, empathy and respect...” (DEEWR
Play is a primary learning tool that allows children to develop, and is the key pedagogy used by early childhood educators to support and enhance development (DEEWR, 2009). These principles acknowledge the child as a capable, resourceful learner who plays a critical role in directing their own play (Kearns, 2010). Curriculum for infants and toddlers should be open ended and flexible so as to enable changes initiated by the children. When educators value play’s ability to encourage and combine a wide range of young children’s intellectual, physical, social and creative abilities, they follow the EYLF aims of empowering children to view themselves as competent and resilient learners (DEEWR, 2009). The framework is underpinned by the principles that play is a critical tool in promoting learning, children as producers of their own learning and educators as facilitators (Kearns, 2010).
These roles include providing materials that encourage high-quality play, structuring environment, modeling play, and introducing children to new play opportunities. Through proper guidance and plan, children benefits from playing and learn so much more than doing worksheets. Teachers incorporate learning activities in play. Children learn through sensory activities and movement. Play includes art, crafts and reading
During the early years, children go through crucial development stages, and continuous, quality early childhood education can have a lasting, valuable effect on the overall development of children. High-quality early childhood development programs that offer developmentally adequate curricula, allow children to formulate specified cognitive skills at the suitable age. Developmentally adequate curricula assist in the development of cognitive skills which help them acquire new skills and knowledge. Preschool provides children the opportunities to take part in activities they wouldn’t typically do at home such as arts and crafts, science activities, sand and water play and music and movement. These activities can enhance children's’ lives, increase their development and supply them with the tools they need for the future.
The Reggio Emilia approach endorses children’s sensory development by promoting hands-on discovery experiences in the curriculum that are derived from children’s interests (Russell-Bowie, 2012; Twigg & Gravis, 2010). Vecchi (2010) and Mai (2011) believe that by incorporating children’s interests in multi-sensory activities through Creative Arts offers more learning opportunities for children to use all senses and languages to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the world around them. This is evident when children articulate ideas and make meaning by dancing, drawing, role playing, singing and sculpting; meeting the EYLF outcomes 3.2.5 and 5.3.3 (DEEWR, 2009). Furthermore, ACARA (2017f, v.8.3) states that the Australian curriculum builds on the EYLF by engaging students’ minds, bodies and senses in purposeful and creative play throughout each strand of The Arts
The importance of incorporating a play based curriculum Play is something every child looks forward to. It is where they will learn valuable skills to aid in the growth of their development. Play can be in many forms for example, purposeful play and child-initiated play. Child initiated play is self explanatory whereas purposeful play is devised and structured by the teachers or parents and it comes with objectives. Children are curious learners and would love to explore and make sense of the things around them.
Children learn expected school behavior in a daycare setting. Children also benefit from the structure and rules learned from daycare. Child care and preschool points out the need of this early learning to help kids adapt to expectations throughout school and life. An added benefit to the structure at a childcare center is, that children gain confidence in knowing what to do when the kindergarten teacher tells them to line up or raise their hand; things that are not traditionally taught or used at home. A quality child care program can spell success for children in the future, they are taught good behavior, given a chance to learn and socialize, and have a structure schedule to follow.