A country once in denial now has it’s South African political leaders addressing the disease that is slowing killing their population The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which evolves into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is affecting South Africa socially as well as economically. This disease is also leaving over a million and a half children orphaned. Most of these children are not only orphaned but living with the virus as well. Brief History of HIV/AIDS and Government Involvement in South Africa The Centers for disease control (CDC) has declared AIDS a global pandemic. No one person or group is safe from contracting this virus; knowledge, and safety is the only way you can protect yourself.
“I wish I’d die right then” this was “Laetitia” reaction when she found out she was infected with HIV. (Breaking 36) Imagine living in a home in Africa, with 10 other people including yourself, then finding out that two of them live with one of the worst epidemics ever AIDS! What can the residents of Africa do to stop it? Is there a possibility that it could be stopped? Scientist have a number of theories about this epidemic, but recent news show that AIDS is not as silent as predicted.
They believed prisons did not deserve the research money because of the crimes they committed and because of the kind of people they are. What these health agencies do not realize is that AIDS is rapidly spreading in prisons and that is not good so they should reconsider spending money toward research of AIDS in prisons. My second proof as to why the American public lacks interest in AIDS is the spread of the disease in foreign countries. AIDS is being spread in all countries such as Zimbabwe, Kenya, Great Britain, France and Canada. The American public does not care about the countries but they should.
Viruses have become of great concern all across the world in the last few decades. The most common and the most talked about killer virus is AIDS, a virus that starts out as HIV and then proceeds to develop into a immune breaker that ultimately kills its human host. So far, there is no cure for AIDS, and most unfortunately the numbers of deaths from AIDS only continues to grow. However, another virus has gained much public and national attention. That virus is called Ebola.
Since the first cases of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in 1981, over 36 million people have died from the disease’s progression from HIV to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, scientists generally accept that the HIV virus started in a specific type of chimpanzee in Western Africa. HIV weakens the patient’s immune system by “destroying important cells that fight disease and infection.” After HIV is acquired, progresses, and grows it turns into a much more lethal stage, AIDS. Because their immune system is heavily damaged and virtually incompetent, AIDS patients is increasingly susceptible to other infections. If medical attention is not provided for an AIDS victim, they will almost certainly die (“What Is HIV/AIDS?”).
The Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system and eventually leads to its failure which allows opportunistic infections and cancers to be contracted. Today are 34 million HIV positive people worldwide. Of that, over 75 percent live in Africa. The area most infected with the HIV virus is the Sub-Saharan Region, and because of that the average life expectance in that area is less than 50 years of age. Prior to the influence of HIV that number was almost to 70 years of age.
AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is the final stage of HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. In HIV the virus attacks CD4 positive T cells (“HIV Infection”). These T cells are very important to maintaining the function of the immune system and when attacked the person is less capable of fighting off diseases. Then it turns into AIDS because the person’s immune system is officially weakened (“HIV Infection”). Max Essex discovered that HIV/AIDS originated in monkeys from Africa (Weeks & Alcamo 14).
AIDS, a fatal disease caused by HIV, causes painful symptoms that can be treated with medications and therapies but can not be cured.HIV causes AIDS by HIV infection, dysfunction, and the ultimate destruction of the cells that present the intracellular microbes that cause infection to the CD4 and CD8 cells ( Caulfield and Goldberg 95 ). People can contract AIDS many different ways such as: through sex, sex with the same sex, and p.2 sharing needles. Drug users that are infected are the greatest single threat to potentially spread the infection of HIV (Quackenbush and Nelson ). “IV (intraveneous) drug use is the second largest transmission category for AIDS in the United States, representing a consistent 17 percent of the diagnosed cases nationally” (275).
Of all Aids deaths since the epidemic started, eighty-three percent have been in the region. These numbers sound even more astonishing considering only one-tenth of the world’s population lives in Africa, south of the Sahara. The amount of Africans affected by the epidemic is frightening. Since the start of the epidemic, an estimated 34 million people living in sub-Saharan Africa have been infected with HIV. Approximately 11.5 million of those people have already died, one-fourth of them being children.
The virus is transmitted through the exchange of body fluids, primarily semen, blood, and blood products…it can be prevented by having protected sex…AIDS is a problem throughout the world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa” (DeSalle 238). It is an unbiased killer that threatens the African population. With very little education, parentless children, and cultural and societal beliefs, AIDS continues to run havoc on the continent of Africa. “Only 10 percent of the world's population lives south of the Sahara, but the region is home to two-thirds of the world's HIV-positive people, and it has suffered more than 80 percent of all AIDS deaths”…Last year, the combined wars in Africa killed 200,000 people, and in sub-Saharan Africa alone 3.8 million people became infected with the disease while another 2.4 million died; totaling 25.3 million people who are living with AIDS in Africa (Schoofs part 1, Carey). One main reason for the severity of these numbers is due to the lack of education of the African people.