In 1937, John R. R. Tolkien published The Hobbit; a children’s book that started with one significant sentence while grading one of his student’s assignments. That sentence gave birth to an entire universe that inspired Tolkien to write novels and poems and even a new language - that slightly resembled Finnish - according to The Tolkien Society. Tolkien’s world of elves, dwarves, orcs and hobbits is one that inspires children and adults alike. Although everyone is familiar with his novels, less acknowledged is the numinous collection of poems Tolkien created that reference his world of hobbits. His adventurous plots take readers on a journey with all kinds of literary devices. J. R. R. Tolkien’s literary style within his poems and his novels portray devices that embrace archaic diction, adventurous, playful tone, and influence and allusions from mythology, all which pertain to his literary significance and his personal life.
Kroeber, Karl. "Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892-1973)." British Writers: Supplement 2. Ed. George Stade. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1992. 519-536. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.
It is said that nothing is original. That the greatest films, songs, shows, writings, performances, and fashions of our time all began as a germ of an idea that originated from some other place - maybe another masterpiece in the same line of work, or perhaps a lesser-known diamond-in-the-rough by an unsuccessful artist. Even the ‘Father’ of Modern Fantasy literature, J.R.R. Tolkien, has been subjected to critical scrutiny concerning the influences behind his acclaimed novel The Hobbit. Certainly his stories have done their own share of influencing, ultimately spawning a number of films, video games, and even stage adaptations. It is reasonable to believe that so imaginative, involved, and expansive a work as The Hobbit must have also drawn its own inspiration from outside sources - perhaps not only literary works, but real-world experiences as well. But what sort of grand stories or events could have guided the creativity of the author of such a timeless epic? Several Tolkien scholars posit that Beowulf and World War I each held significant sway over his writings, and so in this essay we will, in turn, look at the similarities between both of these and Tolkien’s The Hobbit.
Urang, Gunnar. "J. R. R. Tolkien: Fantasy and the Phenomenology of Hope" Fantasy in the Writing of J. R. R. Tolkien. United Press, 1971
It is easy for the reader who enters the enchanted realm of Tolkien's own work to be lost in the magic of the Middle-Earth and to forbear to ask questions. Surrounded by elves, hobbits, dragons and orcs, wandering the pristine fields and woods, described with such loving care they seem almost real, it is easy to forget there is another world outside, the world in which John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, an Oxford don, lived and wrote his monumental series of fantasy novels. It is, after all, natural to want to escape humdrum reality. Literature that offers a simple pleasure of a different time, a different place has nothing to be ashamed of. Tolkien in the same essay describes "escape and consolation" as one of the chief functions of the fairy-tale by which term he understands also what we would call "literary fantasy" today. "Escape and consolation" seem to be self-evident terms. What is there to discuss? Perhaps all that I have to do today is to praise Tolkien's fertile imagination and to step modestly aside.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born on January 3, 1892, in South Africa. Tolkien’s mother, Mabel, moved him and his brother named Hilary to Birmingham, England when Tolkien was four years old. His father died in Africa shortly after the move (“Tolkien, J.R.R.” 831). Mabel gave her sons books to read and taught them how to draw and paint. She also taught the boys languages such as Latin, French, and German. This started Tolkien’s love of language (Hodges 20). He attended Kind Edward’s Grammar School in Birmingham where that passion for language was apparent (Parker and Kermode 741). Mabel died in 1904, while Tolkien was still attending school; therefore, he and his brother became orphans under care of a Catholic priest. Tolkien met Edith Bratt, a fellow orphan that would later became his wife(“Tolkien, J.R.R.” 831). Tolkien continued school and was accepted to Oxford in 1910 (Hodges 83). He graduated in 1915 with a Bachelors of Arts degree and honors in English (Parker and Kermode 741; “Tolkien, J.R.R.” 831). He obtained his Masters of Arts in 1919 (“Tolkien, J.R.R.” 831). In the time between getting his bachelors and masters, he served in World War 1 but was sent home because of a bad case of trench fever. He also ma...
The Hobbit shows J.R.R. Tolkien’s belief in the ancient heroic tales of the Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian epics. He asserts that a being goes through many adventures with the help of friends who believe that anything can happen. Tolkien reveals how bravery and courage make ordinary individuals succeed at ordinary tasks.
Tolkien, J. R. R. The Hobbit, Or, There and Back Again. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966. Print.
Many people have heard of J.R.R. Tolkien and his books, but not many of them know about his history or reasons for starting his trilogy. He had quite a few grounds on which wrote his works and inspired readers’ to expand their range of imagination with his amazing stories. By looking at The Fellowship of the Ring, one can see that J.R.R. Tolkien included the themes of the corrupting influence of power and the power of myth because of his religious and intellectual views.
I believe that Tolkien is a supreme storyteller. The very idea of creating a mythical land of middle-earth to allow so much versatility is ingenious alone. The characters are so real they seem to leap from the pages. They are the result of great thought. They have their own very developed vocabularies, eccentrics, and weaknesses yet each character draws an impeccable strength from one another. I believe that this work is a classic because of the very developed plot, characters, and its openness to each individuals interpretation. Whether the reader believes it is implying religious values, social values or telling a unique story unlike any others it is a must read for anyone who enjoys great literature.