Environmental Impact Assessment ( Eia ) Essay

Environmental Impact Assessment ( Eia ) Essay

Length: 1575 words (4.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) refers to a tool that assists in limiting the potential environmental damage of various developments that are undertaken in an area (Handley & Handley, 2001). Other researchers and scholars consider EIA as a key aspect of many large-scale planning applications; whereby, the EIA is used as the technique that help developers understand the potential environmental impacts of any major development proposal (Wathern, 1988). EIA entails information gathering practice that is carried out by both the developer and other relevant bodies to enable the Local Planning Authority appreciate the potential environmental effects of any form of development before giving directions on its commencement or stoppage (Dougherty & Hall, 1995; Wathern, 1988). Therefore, EIA can simply be described as the scientific and public consultation process that helps identify the potential impacts of any proposed project on the environment; that is, the biophysical component of the physical environment.

The stages of conducting the EIA process include scoping, analysis of the impacts, finding mitigation measures and impact management, evaluation of the significance and effective implementation of the project (Wathern, 1988). The application of the EIA requires a collective approach especially carrying out the process in public projects.

This implies that carrying out EIA requires public participation, the project developers, and the professional body to conduct an effective process (Wathern, 1988). Therefore, this paper is based on a critical review and discussion of the applications and importance of the EIA for public projects. It is projected that EIA is particularly important in protecting ...

... middle of paper ...

...onsidering that some of the projects may fail to incorporate EIA in their implementation process, it should be noted that such developments have significant negative consequences on the public and the environment.

Therefore, the application of the EIA in such public projects is a critical aspect in project developments especially in promoting environmentally sustainable projects and public participation in the EIA process.

Also, the public members are supposed to be actively involved in the EIA process so as to ensure that a cost effective method in conducting the EIA is chosen. Overall, the applications and importance of the Environmental Impact Assessment for public projects is enormous; thus, requires a collective approach and participation of the public members and various authorities in ensuring that any project becomes environmentally sustainable.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Public Participation in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Essays

- Environmental impact assessment (EIA) entails a multifaceted appraisement of the possible aftermath caused by a project or action on the surrounding man-made and natural environment (Wood, 2003). This systematic process requires the involvement of all interested stakeholders in the process and the public, in order to achieve a widespread consent on the planned project and mitigation strategies proposed [European Commission (EC), 2014]. EIA was firstly presented in the United States (US) in 1969 under the National Environmental Policy Act, in order to aid the decision making and planning processes, while in Europe was adopted in 1985 with the name of European Union Directive (85/337/EEC) on E...   [tags: environmental protection]

Strong Essays
1596 words (4.6 pages)

Earth: Environmental Impact Assessment Essay

- 1. INTRODUCTION The purpose of environmental assessments is to gather information, involve the public and ultimately to support sustainable development. Environmental assessments are implemented to maintain human and environmental health by examining the implications a proposed project may have on the biophysical, social and economic components (Alberta Government, 2013). Certain regulations pertaining to environmental affairs are in place to regulate activities and to promote informed decision making (National Environmental Management Act, 1998)....   [tags: land, water and atmosphere]

Strong Essays
1731 words (4.9 pages)

Environmental Assessment Act in the Alberta Oil Sands Essays

- The supreme court of Canada has agreed that “The growth of modern societies has shown serious problems that can result from anarchic development and use of land, in particular those problems concerning public health and the environment.1” How can we maintain economic growth without major environmental consequences. In 1992, the Canadian Federal government enacted the Environmental Impact Assessment Act as a planning tool in attempts to identify and alleviate the environmental impact of new developments....   [tags: Canadian environmental protection policies]

Strong Essays
1369 words (3.9 pages)

The Environmental Impact Assessment in South Africa Essays

- Introduction and the theme of the investigation The Environmental Impact Assessment (hereafter referred to as EIA), system originated in 1969 when it was first introduced in the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) in the United States of America (Baker and Wood, 1999) and later spread to countries around the world. Today South Africa is one of the countries around the world that has adopted and adapted the EIA system as part of its environmental law (promulgated in the Environmental Conservation Act (73 of 1997, under Section 21, 22 and 26) and management (Sandham and Pretorius, 2008)....   [tags: development, protection, public]

Strong Essays
1527 words (4.4 pages)

Environmental Impact Assessment: Identifying the Environmental Effects of a Project

- ... Impact significance determination is prediction of impact magnitude (Thompson, 1990). It is considering impact characteristics such as magnitude, duration, frequency, spatial distribution, reversibility, likelihood) (Beanlands & Duinker, 1983). According to Canter & Canty (1993), impact significance determination has conceptual relationship with screening and scoping. Screening and scoping are performed before a project implementation to check whether environmental impact study is needed or not but in this study the impacts significance determining is performed during the production process of the factory to decide further monitoring and controlling direction on the significant impacts....   [tags: data, local communities, factories]

Strong Essays
871 words (2.5 pages)

Analysing the Environmental Impact Assessment Systems around the World Essay

- ... The authors carried out the assessment of the EIA process and identified the following weakness in the system. • There are comprehensive guidelines, legal and legislative provisions but administrative setup is very weak. EIA is just a formality as most of the time EIA is conducted after start of construction. • Coordination among the consultants and planners are very weak. • Involvement of stakeholders into ToR process during scoping is inadequate which results in a thin coverage of socio-economic and environmental issues in the EIA reports....   [tags: significance, effectiveness]

Strong Essays
1704 words (4.9 pages)

Enviromental Impact Assessment Essay examples

- Introduction Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is assessment of impacts on the environment due to proposed activity and finding ways to mitigate the environmental impacts. These impacts are assessed based on many components such as environmental, socio-economic, cultural and human-health aspects. EIA is standardly defined as the study of impact on environment of proposed action like policy, plan or project. It is a process of anticipating or establishing the changes in the physical, ecological and socio-economic components of the environment before, during and after an impending developmental project so that undesirable effects, if any can be mitigated....   [tags: EMP, human health, India]

Strong Essays
905 words (2.6 pages)

Eia Evaluation Commission : Assessment Commission Essay

- 2.3. EIA Evaluation Commission The EIA Evaluation Commission has responsibility to assess and evaluate the project proposal. The minister, governor, or the mayor have authority to form an evaluation commission and chose its members. The formation of the commission and member election is based on the project level. The members of the commission come from the ministry of environment, Regional Environment Impact Agency (BAPEDAL) and public representative (Government of Republic Indonesia, 2012). 2.4. Public Participation Public participation in EIA process give important contribution into overall EIA process (Purnama, 2003)....   [tags: Government, State, Indonesia, Public library]

Strong Essays
1286 words (3.7 pages)

The Extent to which Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Can Contribute towards Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change Futures

- 1. Introduction Climate change the ‘wicked problem’ is continuously imposing significant threat to the nature as whole according to the recent projections (IPCC 2013; Bondeau et al. 2013). This anticipated hazard is unavoidable to some extent though the source of the problem (‘green house gas’ emission) is barred right now (IPCC 2014a). Combination of mitigation (reducing or capturing GHG) and adaptation effort has been suggested both in the short and long term to achieve the complementary advantage (i.e....   [tags: global emissions, environmental issues]

Strong Essays
1051 words (3 pages)

Essay on Environmental Management Plans

- 1. INTRODUCTION An imperative output of the environmental assessment process is Environmental Management Plans (The World Bank, n.d.). Environmental Management Plans are one of the twenty two commonly used tools to be utilised for the process of realising the principles of integrated environmental management, as set forth by the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT (a), 2004). 1.1. Definitions 1.1.1. Environment The National Environmental Management Act (1998) refers to the environment as being the “surroundings within which humans exist and that are made up of: i....   [tags: environmental asssessmentprocess]

Strong Essays
1637 words (4.7 pages)