Emotional Disturbances And Behavioral Disorders

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Abstract This literature review examines the internalization and externalization of emotional disturbances and behavioral disorders. Emotional disturbance is one of the disability categories listed under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act- IDEA. There are key characteristics to identifying this disability category such as emotional well-being and stability, as well as issues with personal identity. Students with emotional disturbances may exhibit specific characteristics and conditions such as anxiety disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and schizophrenia. Behavioral characteristics of an emotional disorder include both internalizing and externalizing their behavior. An externalization of behavior can result in physical aggression, while internalizing can result in depression and anxiety. As a result of the emotional disturbances, students often times experience academic issues. Approximately 60% of students with emotional and behavioral issues drop out of high school. Research shows a high rate of co-morbidity of expressive and receptive language disorders and emotional disturbances. Learning can be negatively impacted by emotional disturbances and as a precaution, teaching strategies need to be implemented and adjusted to fit the individual needs and ensure a successful environment for the student. Advancements in assistive technology can provide students with additional resources as well organizations such as the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) and the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI). The Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD, 2000) defines an emotional or behavioral disorder as “a disability that is characterized by emotional or be... ... middle of paper ... ...search at the University of Miami is on-going and searching toward identifying the mechanisms in which behavioral issues affect academics. There are a number of advocacy groups for children and parents facing emotional and behavioral disorders. The Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (CCBD) offers support, information, and resources for parents and teachers of these exceptional children. The National Association of Special Education Teachers (NASET) offers a variety of resources for teachers including recommended modifications and accommodations, resources, and information for parents. Although the underlying mechanisms that cause emotional and behavioral disorders are not understood, with continual research and increased resources, parents, students, and teachers can collaboratively create an environment to best accommodate each exceptional child.
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