According to Cohen (1963), there is two type of word categorize, Exhaustive (E) and Nonxhaustive (NE). This is the same with clustering and non-clustering word. When three or four words are represented all or nearly all of the words of the category, thus it is an Exhaustive (Cohen, 1963). Nonxhaustive is a word that is selected from a huge number of words that are nominally belonging to the category. In Cohen research, Cohen conducted two experiments. Experiment I, Cohen divided nine groups into try another small group. Every three group received list of 10, 15, or 20 unrelated words, 10, 15 or 20 NE words categories or 10, 15, or 20 E word categories. Constant time is given to study the entire list. Meanwhile, in Experiment II, the total presentation was vari...
... middle of paper ...
...words in the lists, so participants could remember all the words and this also contributed to the weaknesses of this study.
Another few weakness of this research also has contributed to the results. First, is the room of the experiment was conducted. As the most important element in every experiment is the comfortableness of every participant. During the experiment of mine, the experiment was done in a hot room although there is aircond inside the room but it is not enough to cool down the room. This may affect the mood of the participants and them only thinks to complete the experiment as soon as they might and went back.
A second weakness is participants. They know that they will get nothing because they help for free. It is high possibilities that they did not do their best and only complete the tasks that were given to them just because they respected us.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction In Psychology, the cognitive approach studies the mental processes of people, the organization and memory is a major area of research within this perspective. Memory is an essential part of the human make-up and without it society as we know it would not exist. There have been a large number of theories investigating the effects of organization on recalling information from memory. Theories of organization and memory originated from a study performed by Bousefield (1953) claiming that organizing in categories is the natural way to process information in long term memory.... [tags: mental processes of people]
974 words (2.8 pages)
- Introduction In Psychology, the cognitive approach studies the mental processes of people; the organization of memory is a major area of research within this perspective (Cherry). The many theories of organization and memory originated from a study performed by Bousefield (1953) claiming that organizing in categories is the natural way to process information in long term memory (Cognitive Processes). Modeled after Bousefield’s study, the aim of this current study was to examine the effects of organization of words on the ability of recalling from memory if there are any.... [tags: Bousefield, psychology, cognitive approach]
1372 words (3.9 pages)
- It can be proven, through literary research and personal experiences, that music has a positive effect on learning and memory. It can be concluded that these positive effects have an impact on patients with Alzheimer’s, on the motor skills and auditory memory of mentally disabled children, on students attempting to remember subject manner that they are learning, and on the affectivity of advertisements. On a personal note, music has facilitated my ability to remember things, both positive and negative, a number of times.... [tags: Mozart Effect, Music and Memory]
2780 words (7.9 pages)
- Document clustering is the process of organizing a particular electronic corpus of documents into subgroups of similar text features. Previously, a number of statistical algorithms had been applied to perform clustering to the data including the text documents. There are recent endeavors to enhance the performance of the clustering with the optimization based algorithms such as the evolutionary algorithms. Thus, document clustering with evolutionary algorithms became an emerging topic that gained more attention in the recent years.... [tags: clustering, inspection, research]
742 words (2.1 pages)
- In a 1973 study, Mary Janet Fowler, Micheal J. Sullivan and Bruce R. Ekstrand found that there was a higher retention of paired associate words when the subjects slept during the first half of the night than when they were awake during the day (Gais, Lucas & Born, 2006) Criticism of Sleep and Memory Consolidation Findings Though there are a number of studies that have found that sleep has an influence on memory consolidation, recently there has been new research conducted that raises questions about those findings.... [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Memory]
1850 words (5.3 pages)
- In San Antonio it’s not uncommon to hear toddlers switching from broken English to broken Spanish in their speech. In the last consensus, the San Antonio population was reported as 59% having a Hispanic/Latino background. With people of a Hispanic background composing the majority of the population, most kids are raised being educated bilingually. The question is, is this a bad thing or a good thing. A claim made by some American public school educators is that when a child is raised being equally educated on both languages, his learning skills in language development and other subjects suffer and only one language should be taught to a developing child.... [tags: Psychology, Cognition, Cognitive psychology]
1205 words (3.4 pages)
- Memory has many functions in animals and humans. Without memory, animals and humans would not survive (Henke, 2010). The main idea of evolutionary psychology is that the structures in the brain that are responsible for memory are similar to one another (Nairne, 2010). It is likely that memory systems evolved due to pressures or problems that our ancestors faced (Nairne, 2010). This suggests that memory mechanisms probably come from solving problems in the environment our ancestors once lived in (Nairne, 2010).... [tags: Memory, Hippocampus, Long-term potentiation]
2039 words (5.8 pages)
- Following instructions is part of our daily lives and a very important human attribute. It makes implementation of new arbitrary behavior rather effortless in comparison to trial and error, facilitating our learning process. Despite the fundamental role for our behavioral regulation, little is known of how instructions are represented in working memory. How do we plan an action and prepare ourselves to react in a specific way to a new and unpracticed task. Binding mechanisms have been shown to take part in action planning (Hommel, 1998; Stoet & Hommel, 1999, 2002); but does the mere instruction of an action result in binding of stimulus-response (S-R).... [tags: Memory]
1097 words (3.1 pages)
- Indeed, the tendency for memory to regress over time, with earlier representations gaining strength over later representations, has been argued to constitute a fundamental property of human memory (Bjork, 1978, 2001; Bjork, & Bjork, 1992). From the perspective of trying to most adaptively predict the information, prepotencies, and behaviors that are going to be most useful in the future (Anderson, 1990; Anderson & Milson, 1989), a memory system that regresses over time could be expected to provide certain mnemonic advantages.... [tags: Future, Prediction, Memory, Psychology]
705 words (2 pages)
- What is Memory Memory is the information we stored in our brain. There are three types of memory. First is the sensory memory is the shortest term of memory which only last less than a second, it is our ability to hold the information from our 5 senses after we the original stimulus is gone. Short term memory is the information we hold in our mind for a short period which is less than a minute. Long term memory is the information that store in our brain for a long period of time. There are two types of long term memory, which are explicit memory(conscious) and implicit memory(unconscious).... [tags: Memory, Sleep, Hippocampus, Episodic memory]
1252 words (3.6 pages)