Effects of Foam Rolling Compared to a Dynamic Warm-up on Vertical Jump Performance

Effects of Foam Rolling Compared to a Dynamic Warm-up on Vertical Jump Performance

Length: 2031 words (5.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction
A warm-up and stretching is widely accepted as a prerequisite to participation in athletics, strength training and aerobic training. The common thought to a warm-up and stretching is that it will increase performance and reduce the risk of injury (Hough, Ross & Howatson, 2009). Other common thoughts to performing a warm-up routine is to increase muscle and body temperature to increase nerve conduction velocity which in turn drives performance (Behm & Chaouchi, 2011). Many research articles have been published displaying the effects of various types of warm-ups and stretching. The two most common stretching types include static or dynamic stretching. It has been shown that performing a static stretching protocol prior to athletics is inferior to performing a dynamic warm-up routine (Behm & Chaouchi, 2011). A dynamic warm-up consists of a submaximal aerobic component as well as functional movements specific to the sport or activity and is traditionally used for athletes (Behm & Chaouchi, 2011). Studies have shown that a dynamic warm-up can improve power output and vertical jump height (Hough, Ross & Howatson, 2009).
More recently, a new type of stretching technique known as foam rolling has been increasing in popularity in athletics (Healy, Hatfield, Blanpied, Dorfman & Riebe, 2014). Foam rolling is performed by small undulated movements back and forth over a dense foam roller, using ones own bodyweight to provide friction causing a warming of the fascia (MacDonald et al, 2013). Foam rolling is thought to be used as a self-myofascial release technique to relieve soft tissue from an abnormal hold of tight fascia (Miller & Rockey, 2006). In addition, foam rolling is thought to restore optimal muscle length-tension relatio...


... middle of paper ...


...in muscle activation or force. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(3), 812-821.
Miller, J.K., & Rockey, A.M. (2006). Foam rollers show no increase in the flexibility of the hamstring muscle group. UW-L Journal of Undergraduate Research IX, 1-4.
Moir, G., Button, C., Glaister, M., Stone, M.H. (2004). Influence of familiarization on the reliability of vertical jump and acceleration sprinting performance in physically active men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(2), 276-280.
Nuzzo, J.L., Anning, J.H., & Scharfenberg, J.M. (2011). The reliability of three devices used for measuring vertical jump height. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(9), 2580-2590.
Weerapong, P., Hume, P.A., & Kolt, G.S. (2005). The mechanisms of massage and effects on performance, muscle recovery and injury prevention. Sports Medicine, 35(3), 235-256.


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Analysis : Rolling Stone Magazine

- In August 2013, Rolling Stone magazine’s cover had Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev’s selfie plastered across it. Other media outlets favored using a mugshot of him or a photo of the incident as opposed to a standard photo of the perpetrator. His long curly hair, goatee, expressionless face, and white t-shirt were on newsstands across the nation. This was met with huge backlash especially from the Boston community. Massachusetts State Police sergeant Sean Murphy said that the image was “glamorizing the face of terror” (Boston Magazine, July 18th, 2013)....   [tags: Black people, Crime, White people, Rolling Stone]

Term Papers
2444 words (7 pages)

The Effects on a Ball Rolling Down a Ramp Essay

- The Effects on a Ball Rolling Down a Ramp Aim: I am trying to find out what factors effect the distance a ball rolls when released from the top of a ramp. Variables Input/Control Outcome Units Height of Ball from the ground Height of Ramp Distance ball rolls Centimeters (cm) Length of Ramp Speed ball rolls Surface of Ramp Direction ball rolls Surface of Floor Weight of Marble Size of Marble Surface of Marble Variables: The height of the ramp will change the speed and distance the ball rolls because when the ramp is higher, the ball will be higher....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
1345 words (3.8 pages)

The Structure Of Foam Developed At 850 Âş C Essay

- IWhere r* is the critical radius for the homogeneous nucleation of a bubble, ∆p is the pressure difference inside the pore and γ is the surface tension of the liquid. Figure 1a shows the structure of foam developed at 850 ºC. It depicts nearly uniform cell size, small size of node and large ligament length of the cell. At lower foaming temperature (850 ºC), there is no bubble-free zone, coarsened cell structure, and unfavorable curvature in LM13 alloy foam (Fig. 1a). At this temperature, the equilibrium pressure of carbon dioxide gas increases, due to the decrement in viscosity of the alloy [1], which is sufficient enough for the foaming....   [tags: Gas, Ideal gas law, Pressure, Liquid]

Term Papers
1979 words (5.7 pages)

Horizontal and Vertical Ocean Currents Essay

- Horizontal and vertical ocean currents Ocean currents are horizontal or vertical movement of both surface and deep water throughout the world’s oceans (Briney, n.d.). The primary generating forces are wind and differences in water density caused by variations in temperature and salinity. Currents generated by these forces are modified by factors such as the depth of the water, ocean floor topography and deflection by the rotation of the Earth. Horizontal currents are wind driven, fast moving and carries small amount of water; while, vertical currents are slow moving, density driven and carries large bodies of water....   [tags: surface current, winds, warm air]

Term Papers
1324 words (3.8 pages)

Vertical Intergration Essay

- According to a North American dictionary entry vertical integration is defined as “merging of companies in supply chain: the merging of companies that are in the chain of companies handling a single item from raw material production to retail sale” (“Vertical Integration,” 2009). Though the definition of vertical integration is quite simple the concept is much more complicated than one may think. There are four strategic factors that must be established by business leaders before the implementation of vertical integration can take place that must be well-thought-out in order to achieve any level of success....   [tags: Business Management ]

Term Papers
923 words (2.6 pages)

Vertical Farming Essay

- Vertical farms. You may ask what is that. Are those the tomatoes that are hanging from people’s porches. Well not exactly Vertical farming is the stacking of multiple greenhouses on top of each other to create a more efficient and organized farming area. What happens if we need that space for a big corporation or a community park that is what some people may argue. Well what is better for the community as a whole than to have a farm that can give a community tons of fresh crops or something that might be destroyed in some time....   [tags: greenhouses, farm organization]

Term Papers
878 words (2.5 pages)

What´s Vertical Farming Essay

- It is 2050. Alice is walking down the street as one of the privileged with a ration card. Catching a glimpse of the current New York Times newspaper, she notices the front page picture. There are thousands of families starving for a food handout with their hands reaching towards food. The desperation can be seen in their eyes, but with the current world situation there is little Alice can do. She could share her rations, but this would leave her hungry with the rest. This is because the Earth is running out of viable soil with 80 percent of the world’s land already occupied (Mendleson, 2011)....   [tags: Benefits, Loss of Food]

Term Papers
1393 words (4 pages)

A Rolling Model Essay

- A Rolling Model When I was twelve years old, I had every Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtle that was ever made. I had cases of the plastic figures lining the walls in my room. Posters were laid out everywhere, and my whole room was completely decorated in Ninja Turtle material. My bed, my drapes, my walls, literally everything was something about a Ninja Turtle. I spent a lot of my time watching those television shows, memorizing each tape word for word. I would pretend with my friends that we were the turtles, always fighting crime and always on the move under the streets, showing up only at night to fight the “foot clan”, the archenemy of the turtles....   [tags: Role Models Media Cartoons Essays]

Free Essays
1366 words (3.9 pages)

The Pros and Cons of Vertical Integration Essay

- It leads to reduction of transportation costs as the common ownership results in closer geographic proximity. The transaction costs can be controlled if a firm acquires the other firms in the vertical chain, then one division of the same company will transfer goods to other divisions. So, transaction costs in form of transport, cost of negotiation, cost of control etc. will be eliminated. The overall average cost of the firm will decrease because if the divisions are under same management control then there will be in house supply and departmental heads will determine the transfer price....   [tags: essays research papers]

Term Papers
1124 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Rolfing

- Rolfing Rolfing is a scientific and organized system of manipulating the muscles in the body to their correct positions. Rolfing is a controlled approach within the general field of structural integration. Rolfing was originally called "structural integration." Some people still use the words, structural integration, instead of Rolfing (www.smart.net/~astro/define.html). Developed by Ida P. Rolf, Ph.D., this practice includes the process of teaching the body how to move by manipulating the body....   [tags: Research Physical Muscle Essays]

Free Essays
1868 words (5.3 pages)