The most common forms of the differing Thalassemias are Alpha-Thalassemia and Beta-Thalassemia. Thalassemia is also commonly known by Cooley's anemia and Mediterranean anemia. Alpha Thalassemia is when genes related to the alpha globin protein are altered or missing, which is known as gene mutation. Alpha Thalassemia is primarily dominant in people from Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia, and China. Alpha Thalassemia has 5 subtypes while Beta Thalassemia has 3 main subtypes. Beta Thalassemia exists when defected genes alter production of the beta globin protein. Beta Thalassemia is prominent in people from the Mediterranean region, Italy, Middle East, Greece, Southeast Asia, Africa, and Southern China. However, Alpha and Beta Thalassemia both have a major and minor form of...
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... Tennis Champion Pete Sampras and Former professional soccer and European Football player Zinedine Zidane both know to have minor Thalassemia.
In conclusion, we can say Thalassemia is a hereditary disease, not a virally transmitted infection. Family history has lot to do with gene mutations. Everyone is all born with 4 genes, two from each parent. The type of genes inherited determines the severity of the disease. Likewise, the treatments depend on the strength of the diseases. Although not easily curable, the disease is treatable. More research is being done for cures and scientists are advancing in discovering safe options to limit Thalassemia during pregnancy. Some parts of the world are more prone to these diseases. Overall, Thalassemia is a disease caused by abnormalities in hemoglobin, but it is simply another challenge science will learn to overcome.
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