The Different Types of Thalassemia and How is Diagnosed Essay

The Different Types of Thalassemia and How is Diagnosed Essay

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Thalassemia is basically a name for similar groups of inherited blood diseases that involve missing or abnormal genes regarding the protein in hemoglobin which is the red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body. I will discuss the different types of Thalassemia, how Thalassemia is diagnosed, and the treatments available. I will also discuss the complications and side effects of the treatments, the disease’s causes and effects, and how it is more dominant in some parts of the world than others. Thalassemia is a blood disorder which means the body makes fewer healthy red blood cells and less hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein that carries oxygen throughout the body and having less hemoglobin leads to anemia. Alpha globin and beta globin are the proteins that create Hemoglobin. A defect in the gene that helps control production of alpha or beta goblin leads to Thalassemia. Fewer blood cells leads to anemia, which is the common culprit in Thalassemia.
The most common forms of the differing Thalassemias are Alpha-Thalassemia and Beta-Thalassemia. Thalassemia is also commonly known by Cooley's anemia and Mediterranean anemia. Alpha Thalassemia is when genes related to the alpha globin protein are altered or missing, which is known as gene mutation. Alpha Thalassemia is primarily dominant in people from Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia, and China. Alpha Thalassemia has 5 subtypes while Beta Thalassemia has 3 main subtypes. Beta Thalassemia exists when defected genes alter production of the beta globin protein. Beta Thalassemia is prominent in people from the Mediterranean region, Italy, Middle East, Greece, Southeast Asia, Africa, and Southern China. However, Alpha and Beta Thalassemia both have a major and minor form of...

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... Tennis Champion Pete Sampras and Former professional soccer and European Football player Zinedine Zidane both know to have minor Thalassemia.
In conclusion, we can say Thalassemia is a hereditary disease, not a virally transmitted infection. Family history has lot to do with gene mutations. Everyone is all born with 4 genes, two from each parent. The type of genes inherited determines the severity of the disease. Likewise, the treatments depend on the strength of the diseases. Although not easily curable, the disease is treatable. More research is being done for cures and scientists are advancing in discovering safe options to limit Thalassemia during pregnancy. Some parts of the world are more prone to these diseases. Overall, Thalassemia is a disease caused by abnormalities in hemoglobin, but it is simply another challenge science will learn to overcome.

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