Description of the Clostridium Difficile Bacteria Essay

Description of the Clostridium Difficile Bacteria Essay

Length: 1362 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Clostridium Difficile (C. difficile) is a bacteria-related gastrointestinal infection that is caused (etiology) by the use of antibiotics therapy or exposure to the C. difficile spores (Swartz, 2013). According to published reports compiled by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), National Safety Network (NHSN), and the Center for Disease Control Prevention (CDC), the rate of CDI have a major financial impact (costs associated with medical management of CDI) on health care institution across the United States. CDI is major concern for hospital administrators and patients at Sharp Grossmont Hospital (SGH) and other in hospitals within the Sharp Healthcare Network (SHN). According to data released by CPDH and the CDC, from January to December 2012 three hospitals within the (SHN) reported 136 new cases of CDI. Statistical data also show that 20,000 to 34,000 patients were admitted or readmitted to the hospitals for recurrent complications related to CDI such as electrolyte imbalance, nutrition deficits, and systemic bacteremia (CDPH, 2013).
Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Program
According to Rohike and Stollman (2012), fecal microbiotic transplantation (FMT) first was used in 1958, as a treatment option for patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea. However, the procedure was rarely performed or used in medical practice in the United States and in other countries. Because of increasing incidences and severity of CDI, FMT has gain acceptance as a quick and inexpensive treatment option (Brandt, 2012) for recurrent CDI. FMT involves the instillation of fecal material from a healthy individual into the intestinal track of a patient with recurrent CDI. Fecal material can be administered via endoscopy and colon...


... middle of paper ...


...ology & Hepatology, 8(3), 191-194.
* Swartz, T. (2013). Cutting C. diff by 70%. Healthcare Leadership Review, 32(11), 7-9. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1438641165?accountid=458
Borkowski, N. (2005). Organizational behavior in health care. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Pathak, R., Enuh, H.A., Patel, A., & Wickremesinghe, P., (2013). Treatment of relapsing Clostridium difficile infection using fecal microbiota transplantation. Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology, 2014 (7), 1-6.
*Rohike, F., & Stollman, N. (2012). Fecal microbiota transplantation in relapsing Clostridium difficile infection. Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology. 5 (6), 403-419.
http://www.gastro.org/advocacy-regulation/regulatory-issues/cms-releases-physician-fee-schedule-final-rule
http://www.sharp.com/foundation/index.cfm

http://www.cdph.ca.gov

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Pathology of Clostridium Difficile

- Description of Clostridium Difficile Clostridium difficile, otherwise known as C. diff, is a species of spore-forming, anaerobic, gram-positive bacteria that is known to cause watery diarrhea. 1 The genus name, Clostridium refers to the spindle shape of the organism while Difficile means difficult in Latin due to the fact that this organism thrives in unfavorable conditions and is very difficult to isolate.4 The incidence of getting CDI has increased over the years due to new strains of increased toxin production of the bacteria and increased resistance to antibiotics.2 It is a gastrointestinal infection, and the most common cause of infectious diarrhea.1 C....   [tags: bacteria, transmission, treatment]

Strong Essays
1274 words (3.6 pages)

Nursing Management Of Patient With Clostridium Difficile Essay

- Nursing Management of Patient with Clostridium Difficile Alyssia R. Twigg Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for NURS 342: Nursing Medical Surgical Shepherd University Department of Nursing April 8, 2015 Nursing Management of Patient with Clostridium Difficile A 55 year old patient was admitted to the inpatient unit from a hospice facility at 4:00 in the afternoon on April 1st, 2015. The patient has end stage pancreatic cancer with liver and bone metastasis. The unit nurse noted foul smelling loose stools upon the patient’s arrival....   [tags: Clostridium difficile, Antibiotic, Abdominal pain]

Strong Essays
1644 words (4.7 pages)

A Report On Clostridium Difficile Essay examples

- Clostridium difficile, formally named Bacillus difficilis, due to how difficult it was to isolate and cultivate was first isolated from newborn infants in 1935. (Hall and O’Toole, 1935). It was not until 1970, that a relationship was formed between C. difficile and humans with colitis (Ehrich et al., 1984). In 1984, was the first time C. difficile was identified in mature horses, located in the Potomac River area, with diarrhea. Cases of C. difficile colitis in horses treated with antimicrobials increased in 1993....   [tags: Bacteria, Escherichia coli, Gut flora]

Strong Essays
1021 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Analysis of Clostridium Difficile

- History Clostridium difficile was discovered and isolated from neonates in 1935. It was initially considered a component of the fecal flora of newborns and not thought to be pathogenic (Keessen, Gaastra, & Lipman, 2010). The history of C. diff and other antibiotic resistant pathogens are closely related with the history of antibiotics. The first antibiotic discovered was penicillin by Alexander Fleming while working with Staphylococcus. With this discovery, a surge of natural and synthetic drugs was discovered to treat bacterial infections....   [tags: Microbiology, Health]

Strong Essays
1800 words (5.1 pages)

Clostridium Difficile Essay example

- Among hospitalized patients around the world, Clostridium difficile is the primary source of infectious diarrhea. Previously, continuously unbalanced intestinal microbiota, usually due to antimicrobials, was deemed a precondition of developing the infection. However, recently, there have been alterations in the biology from virtually infecting the elderly population exclusively, wherein the microbiota in their guts have been interrupted by antimicrobials, to currently infecting individuals within of all age groups displaying no recent antimicrobial use....   [tags: infectious diarrhea, Sterilray Disinfection Wand]

Strong Essays
2781 words (7.9 pages)

Using Quality and Safety Education for Nurses to Prevent and Treat Clostridium Difficile

- The QSEN initiative is the progression of quality and safety of education for nurses that began in 2005 and has been continued over the past eight years. It is a multi-phase process that shows current and future nurses how to apply knowledge, skills, and attitudes to their everyday nursing activities(QSEN, 2013, 1). Nurses and student nurses can use their knowledge, skills and attitudes to help prevent never events such as hospital acquired conditions. Never events are medical errors that could have been serious and preventable....   [tags: QSEN Initiative]

Strong Essays
1102 words (3.1 pages)

The Bacteria Clostridium Botulinum and Botulism Condition Essay

- Botulism is a rare but serious condition caused by toxins from bacteria called Clostridium botulinum (Botulism, 2012). Botulinum neurotoxins or, as abbreviated BoNTs, are some of the most extreme and dangerous substances that are known to the human population. There are 3 forms of botulism which include infant botulism, food borne botulism and wound botulism (Botulism, 2012). This specific genus of Clostridium causes “flaccid muscle paralysis by blocking acetylcholine release at nerve muscle junctions through a specific and exclusive endopeptidase activity against SNARE proteins of presynaptic exocytosis machinery” (Kukreja & Singh, 2005)....   [tags: neurotoxins, celebrity, serotypes]

Strong Essays
910 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Clostridium Botulinum Bacteria: Main Types of Botulism

- Introduction: This research analysis places significant emphasis on the rare, but potentially life-threatening bacteria known as clostridium botulinum, which is a disease that is caused by the neurotoxin type A, B, E, or F type (Davis, 2012). The neurotoxin is produced by bacteria called clostridium botulinum which rapidly paralyzes muscles within the body. The toxin produces skeletal muscle paralysis by producing a presynaptic blockade to the release of acetylcholine (Cherington, 1998, p. 701)....   [tags: neurotoxin, prevention, contamined food]

Strong Essays
1646 words (4.7 pages)

The Pathology and Characterisics of Clostridium tetani Essay

- ... Once at the spinal cord, the toxin blocks chemical messages to brain and results in uncontrollable muscle spasms and seizures.5 Other symptoms of tetanus include a stiff jaw, fever, drooling, and difficulty swallowing. In severe cases, tetanus can affect contractions of muscles associated with breathing, and can lead to fractions and muscle tears in these muscles.3 Tetanus is classified into four clinical types: generalized, local, cephalic, and neonatal. The first and most common type is generalized tetanus....   [tags: tetnus, toxin, bacteria]

Strong Essays
1462 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about Clostridium Botulinum

- History Clostridium botulinum has a rich history dating back to 19th century Europe where it first contaminated sausages, causing outbreaks of foodborne botulism. (1-3) In fact, the term botulism is derived from the Latin term botulus, meaning sausage. (1,3) Microbiologist Emile Pierre Marie van Ermengem first described the etiologic agent in 1897, (1-3) following isolation of the anaerobic bacillus from ham and splenic tissue obtained upon autopsy. (2,3) Although first referred to as Bacillus botulinus, it was eventually renamed Clostridium botulinum to distinguish it from the aerobic spore-forming genus Bacillus....   [tags: Mechanism of Pathogenicity]

Strong Essays
2835 words (8.1 pages)