Crime Prevention Is The Key And Most Important Role Essay

Crime Prevention Is The Key And Most Important Role Essay

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There are many roles that the NSW Police Force executes in their line of duty, although Crime Prevention is the key and most important role. Crime Prevention is a set of ideas and causes that intervene with the reduction of criminal events and their consequences (Lab 2010). Advancements in sociology and psychological studies in the 20th century have changed the effectiveness and understanding of the aspects of crime and criminal behaviour. The Crime Prevention Model looks at three main areas of intervention that combat crime at its stages of developing; primary, secondary and tertiary. The primary prevention of crime “identifies conditions of the physical and social environment that provide opportunities for or precipitate criminal acts” (Brantingham and Faust cited in Lab 20120). These aspects include understanding the crime preventers; preventative role’s people take on and restriction of resources and reducing the vulnerability and attraction of specific criminal targets. It’s also crucial in understanding where these casual mechanisms are effective in what context and how. For example, CCTV footage in a parking lot may deter a potential offender to commit a predisposed act by fear of consequences or getting caught.

The secondary stage of the crime prevention model tackles the behaviour of potential offenders, identifies the early stages of criminal behaviour and predicting those vulnerable and inturn intervening. This is done by slowly altering social behaviours and looking at the social upbringing and social structure people are exposed to. The Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity Theory is a preventative model that also correlates with the secondary model, focusing on the large causes of criminal events and the major princip...


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... in a given scenario and advising the police of those methods which could eliminate or target those potential threats, which is where problem-solving skills are also needed (Chantler and Thorne 2009). Also by currently undergoing study I am advancing my academic requirements as well as oral and written communication skills which are essential to be an effective member of the force. Another important skill is being able to work as team member, which is key when working in teams to solve a problem or crime and also debriefing or supporting operation teams. These skills are all fundamental to use in crime prevention as it correlates with the primary and secondary model’s of crime prevention by being able to pin-point and analyse factors or strategies that may decrease the chance of crimes occurring or understanding those who would be more at risk at committing a crime.

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