Essay about Creating a Strong Literacy Program in Elementary Schools

Essay about Creating a Strong Literacy Program in Elementary Schools

Length: 1789 words (5.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Reading instruction in the elementary school is critical to students’ success in school. Students leaving elementary school, not reading at grade level, have a much lower chance of graduating from high school. “A student who can't read on grade level by 3rd grade is four times less likely to graduate by age 19 than a child who does read proficiently by that time. Add poverty to the mix, and a student is 13 times less likely to graduate on time than his or her proficient, wealthier peer” (Hernandez, 2011).
The teaching of reading has gone through numerous transformations and controversy continues over what is the best reading instruction. However, there is overwhelming evidence that the use of authentic literature and time for children to read, discuss what they have read and hear fluent readers, are critical to success.
Richard Allington has emerged as an expert on literacy education and continues to lead changes to instructional programs in the United States. He offers six critical elements of effective reading instruction. Those six elements are:
1. Every child reads something he or she chooses.
2. Every child reads accurately.
3. Every child reads something he or she understands.
4. Every child writes about something meaningful.
5. Every child talks with peers about reading and writing.
6. Every child listens to a fluent adult read aloud.
Allington states, “It’s time for the elements of effective instruction described here to be offered more consistently to every child, in every school, every day” (Allington, 2012, pp 14-15). When these six elements are included into daily literacy instruction students are able to make gains in their reading and writing abilities.
The Teachers’ College at Columbia University...

... middle of paper ...

...rnandez, Donald, J., “Double Jeopardy: How Third-Grade Readig Skills and
Poverty Influence High School Graduation.” Annie E. Casey Foundation, April

McTighe, Jay & Wiggins, Grant. (2005). Understanding By Design, 2nd Edition.
Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

McTighe, Jay & Wiggins, Grant. (2013). Essential Questions: Opening Doors to
Student Understanding. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Moss, C., Brookhart, S., & Long, B. (2011). Knowing Your Learning Target.
Educational Leadership 68(6) 66-70.

Popham, James. (2008). Transformative Assessment. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Popham, James. (2011). Transformative Assessment in Action. Alexandria, VA:

Schmoker, Michael. (2006). Results Now. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Wiggin, Grant. (2012). Seven Keys to Effective Feedback. Educational Leadership.
70(1) 11-16.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Teaching Literacy Across Content Areas

- Literacy Across Content Areas In our schools today, literacy should not just be a task for the English or Reading teacher. Instead, literacy should be a shared venture by all teachers within all content areas. Teaching literacy in all content areas is important because a teacher with a solid understanding of teaching literacy in his/her content area will tremendously help all students achieve greater success on class assignments and standardized assessments. There are three main points that surround the idea of teaching literacy in all content areas....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Literacy, School]

Powerful Essays
1239 words (3.5 pages)

Australian Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey Essay

- Competency in literacy directly correlates with an individual’s ability to participate and function in society. With such an important onus on literacy learning it is transparent to realise that teachers are the first point of contact in formal education and play an important role in teaching our future generations and providing society with essential foundations to succeed. Following is a road map focusing on a balanced approach which promotes a combination of student centred and teacher centred theories to achieve the teaching and learning of writing....   [tags: literacy, teaching writing]

Powerful Essays
1511 words (4.3 pages)

The Literacy Needs Of Culturally Diverse Learners Essay

- Throughout this course, my beliefs have been reaffirmed regarding the literacy needs of culturally and linguistically diverse learners in a few ways. First, I have been implementing sheltered instruction observation protocol in my classroom. “Sheltered instruction teachers use the regular core curriculum and modify their teaching to make the content understandable for ELLs while at the same time promoting their English language development” (Echevarria, Short & Powers, 2008, pg. 42). The sheltered instruction I have been using in my classroom includes slow and clear speech, scaffolded instruction, visual representations, connecting prior knowledge to learned knowledge, cooperative learning,...   [tags: Education, Teacher, Language acquisition, School]

Powerful Essays
1010 words (2.9 pages)

Language Learning in Primary Schools Essay

- Primary schools that introduce language learning at an earlier phase may do so for a number of purposes, but it is because of the benefits of learning a language at a younger age that this paper has chosen Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) as its target scheme of work. For the purpose of this assignment the focus language will be French (but the strategies to be discussed will apply to any MFL). The ideas within the scheme of work will be critically discussed as part of university experience, school practice and relevant research....   [tags: language acquisition, language experience]

Powerful Essays
1040 words (3 pages)

##luuracy, Accuracy And Compluulacy And Literacy? Essay examples

- Introduction Reading accurately and fluently is a very important skill that students should master. According to Common Core Stat Standers CCSS, one of the third grade standards in reading is that students should read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. To fully understand this standard, we should break it down by thinking about the following questions: First, what does sufficient accuracy mean. Second, what does sufficient fluency mean. Third, how accuracy and fluency should be measured....   [tags: Measurement, Education, Ethics, Standard, Reading]

Powerful Essays
1090 words (3.1 pages)

Literacy in Song of Solomon, Life of Frederick Douglass, Push and Slave Narratives

- Exploration of Language and Literacy in Song of Solomon, Life of Frederick Douglass, Push and Slave Narratives        African-Americans have been contributing to American literature for hundreds of years. From Gustavus Vassa, or Olaudah Equiano, in 1789 to Sapphire in 1996, writers have been telling their stories. The influence of minority writers and speakers on literature, literacy, and language is certainly notable.   First of all, black American literature helps "others" hear the minority voice and vicariously share the minority experience....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Free Essays
2111 words (6 pages)

Essay about Literacy Is The Most Important Factor For Building A Strong Foundation

- Kofi Annan once said, “Literacy unlocks the door to learning throughout life. It is essential to development and health, and opens the way for democratic participation and active citizenship. Literacy is a bridge from misery to hope.” Education is the most important factor to building a strong foundation in life. No matter where anyone goes, the need for an education is important in living a healthy, safe, and successful life in America. Many adults still lack the ability to read and understand the world around them because they are not literate....   [tags: Literacy, Reading, Information literacy, Writing]

Powerful Essays
1880 words (5.4 pages)

Essay about Literacy And Creating Thought By Malcolm X

- Literacy and creating thought The importance of literacy is how it opens up the world to the reader, or writer. Through literacy, we can shape our thinking on certain topics or create original thought. The vivid detail inside of writing can allow the reader to picture the writing through their own mind without pictures, or any outside help. Malcolm X, who wrote “Literacy Behind Bars”, a literacy narrative about his time in prison, described how the world opened up to him through his readings, and how incredible his life was thereafter through his learning to read and write....   [tags: Writing, Reading, Literacy, Mona Lisa]

Powerful Essays
1082 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Frederick Douglass: Escaping Slavery through Literacy

- Literacy plays an important part in helping Douglass achieve his freedom. Learning to read and write enlightened his mind to the injustice of slavery; it kindled in his heart longings for liberty. Douglass’s skills proved instrumental in his attempts of escape and afterwards in his mission as a spokesman against slavery. Douglass was motivated to learn how to read by hearing his master condemn the education of slaves. Mr. Auld declared that an education would “spoil” him and “forever unfit him to be a slave” (2054)....   [tags: Literacy]

Powerful Essays
711 words (2 pages)

Schools and Arts Essay

- Assignment #4 School is an institute for educating children and adults that wish to gain success and become enriched. However, schools everywhere are shutting down extracurricular activities and cutting out classes such as art, ceramics, band, choir, orchestra, and dance that give students potential to thrive in their lives. People claim that they want their kids to be well-rounded, confident, and smart, but are dismissing classes that are essential to building any of those. Schools should not cut the fine arts programs because this can lead to students becoming less socially confident, experience difficulty with motor skills and spatial intelligence, and lack creativity later in life....   [tags: extracurricular activities, strong schools]

Powerful Essays
1125 words (3.2 pages)