Teachers also need to be aware that there has to be progress, and that certain students learn differently. When using emerging literacy into my model I need to find out what the student’s background knowledge is on reading, print, and what they want to read about. This helps them stay engaged and constantly gives them opportunity to grow and challenge themselves at their appropriate literacy level. Both reading readiness, and emergent literacy go hand in hand and provide a wide array of scaffolding within the scaffolding and building of the interactive reading model.
There are a broad number of methods available to teachers, and each situation and student may require differentiated instruction (Marsh, 2010). The Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills (Ofsted) (2010) states that phonics is a fundamental first skill in learning to read. Correspondingly, the NTDET (2010) stresses that systematically teaching students phonics awareness is pivotal in teaching students to read. Besides phonics teaching, the NTDET stress that comprehension is a vital aspect of reading to teach students (2010). The Ofsted report goes on to highlight that learning phonics is a key first step in being able to decode print, another useful reading
My methodology of teaching reading would be the Holistic approach. This approach includes whole language and look & say. I like that the emphasis is placed on teaching reading, writing, listening, and oral language. Emphasizing these skills gets students to maximize their comprehension of text, identify relevant and non-relevant information, and tolerate less than word-by-word comprehension. In the classroom I would place more emphasis on learning than on teaching so by taking the whole language approach, the assessment is continuous and takes many forms: I would collect daily performance samples or work; observe and record children’s behavior; audio and videotape them in different situations; and have them build a portfolio filled with information about each student.
They feel that students should select material that has meaning to them and that they will enjoy. Teachers who use the top down model encourage their students to engage in activities where they are able to speak, write and read to develop the skills they need in order to read. This method implies that a teacher believes the students will be able to read the words on the page by using context clues to help figure out words he or she may not be familiar with.
Teachers need to provide students with endless amounts of practice experiences in reading to build their fluency rate. This should be done with different genres of texts and different levels. Reading a wide variety of literature help children develop rich vocabularies. Phonemic Awareness is very important part of literacy. Phonemic awareness includes sounds of a word, the breakdown of words into sounds.
Another approach to teaching reading is balanced literacy which, unlike whole language, “fuses the literature-based approach with some phonological instruction but only on an “as needed” basis” (Walsh, Glaser, Dunne 10). Mixing these two conc... ... middle of paper ... ... the student must understand the difference between an uppercase and lowercase letter and when to use them in different situations. Independent exercises are important in the learning process for children because it makes them feel like they have accomplished something on their own, and they show what the child truly knows. There are many different approaches to teaching language arts to young learners. It is important to understand that every classroom and every child is different.
it is the active process of understanding print and graphic text. One thing you can learn about teaching reading is that they are different types and techniques of reading that are suitable for your learners. Pre-reading According to Ringler and Weber (1984), pre- reading stage serves as enabling activity because they provide learners with necessary background knowledge of the text and also give them an opportunity to organize the activity and comprehend the material. During pre-reading the teacher can ask learners what they already know about the title of the text. The learners has to share their background knowledge necessary for comprehension of the text and the teacher will also have to make students to be aware of the type of the text they will be
This approach also makes learning exciting by allowing students an opportunity to connect ideas based on their background knowledge. As teachers we must continue to implement strategies for the purpose of promoting students’ overall comprehension skills. I thought this article was very informational and I took away some very useful teaching tools that will allow me to help my students become better readers understanding what they are reading. In doing this I will be able to teach the different text structures to the students who are at a disadvantage and help them to be able to comprehend by using text structures in expository texts. I also thought it was nice how the article gave the five text structures and three guides as a guide to use with students.
In order to accomplish both goals I must use my teaching tools to provide students with an enriching classroom. Literature is open to interpretation, and I know that literature will speak differently to each and every student. All of my future students will come from different cultures, and they will use their unique backgrounds and prior experiences to make sense of the literature in front of them. This is transactional theory in that the reader will give to, and take from, the reading that which makes sense to him or herself. Louise M. Rosenblatt’s Transactional Theory says there are two modes of reading: efferent and aesthetic (Rosenblatt 35).
Children naturally want to learn how to read and write. Literacy programs scaffold the progress of students, as Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development implies. Modelling shows children how to read and write, use different types of text, draw meaning, and at the same time develops listening, and viewing skills. Transition through the stages of reading and writing is very important for students, we need to constantly assess through both formal and informal means, ensuring that children continue to learn. Assessments such as running records for reading assess the level a student is at in terms of reading; some teachers then use these levels to create reading