Comparing Welfare Benefits of Arizona and Alaska Essay

Comparing Welfare Benefits of Arizona and Alaska Essay

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The United States government acknowledges that all its citizens have a right to access the basic needs of survival including shelter, food and healthcare in order to live decent lives. To make this possible for the poor, the government established a transfer program known as the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) which was later changed to the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) after the 1996 welfare reforms (Moffitt, 2008). Through the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 other welfare reforms introduced include increased state powers to provide benefits through the TANF; work requirements for people receiving benefits; conditions for reducing single motherhood though encouraging marriage and minimizing non-marital births and; introduction of lifetime time limits for those receiving benefits (Moffitt, 2008). Following these welfare reforms, states have put in place various welfare programs that offer different welfare benefits to residents. This paper will examine the welfare benefits offered in Alaska and compare them with those in Arizona with a view to giving a glimpse of the welfare status in the different states of the United States of America.
The state of Alaska provides welfare benefits to its residents through six major welfare programs namely: Medicaid; Chronic & Acute Medical Assistance; Temporary Assistance Program; Adult Public Assistance; Food Stamps and; General Relief assistance (Alaska Department of Health & Social Services, 2012). To begin with, the Medicaid program offers healthcare benefits which encompass paying medical bills for children, families, pregnant women, people with disabilities and the elderly.
Secondly, the Chronic & Acute Medi...


... middle of paper ...


...State of Arizona (2011), these services assist in family selection and placement as well as child supervision. Through this program, cases of child neglect are reduced.



Works Cited

Alaska Department of Health & Social Services (2012). Application for Services. Retrieved from http://dhss.alaska.gov/dpa/Documents/dpa/forms/gen50b-packet.pdf
Alaska Office of the Governor and Department of Health &Social Services (2011). Alaska State Plan for the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program. Retrieved from http://dhss.alaska.gov/dpa/Documents/dpa/programs/atap/PDF/TANF_State_Plan_FY2010-2011_rev%206.2.11.pdf
Moffitt, R. (2008). A Primer on U.S. Welfare Reform. Focus, 26 (1), 15-26.
State of Arizona (2011). State Plan for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Retrieved from https://www.azdes.gov/InternetFiles/Reports/pdf/tanf_state_plan_august_2011.pdf

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