Community Health Worker Programmes During the late Apartheid era in South Africa:
Apartheid was a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race (Oxford University Press Southern Africa, 2007). During the 19 hundreds, this unethical law was taking place in South Africa which led to the lack of human rights for people of ‘darker’ skin. The races were divided and no intermingling occurred which therefore created a large communication gap due to language differentiation. Different races were assigned areas, and the ‘lower’ race received smaller living conditions. This led to overcrowded conditions in bantustans, also known as ‘homelands’, which in due course led to a perfect breeding ground for pathogens. “Under this racially and politically divided regime, healthcare was intentionally inequitably distributed (Ginneken et al. 2010:1110).
Ginneken et al. (2010:1111) notes that even with the ‘lower’ races being unimportant, and people turning blind eyes, there were a few individuals who wanted to make a difference in the health of underprivileged citizens. These people; community health workers (CHWs), began non-profit organisations which helped these sick underprivileged citizens. CHWs are a group of heterogenous health workers who have no professional training. They have been chosen by the community to perform ...
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Oxford University Press Southern Africa. (2007). South African Pocket Oxford Dictionary. Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa: Oxford University Press Southern Africa (Pty).
Bernstam, E. V., Smith, J. W., & Johnson, T. R. (2009, February 25). Journal of Biomedical Informatics. Elsevier , 104 - 110.
Ginneken, v. N., Lewin, S., & Berridge, V. (n.d.). Social Science and Medicine. Elsevier , 1110 - 1118.
Hersh, W. (2010). Biomedical Informatics. Retrieved March 29, 2014, from The Ohio State University: medicine.osu.edu/bmi/Pages/index.aspx
Yu, A. C. (2005, August 18). Methods in biomedical ontology. Journal of Biomedical Informatics , 252-266.
Louw, A., Butler, D. S., & Diener, I. (2012). Preoperative education for lumbar radiculopathy: A survey of US spine surgeons. International Journal of Spine Surgery 6 , 130-139.
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