Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) was an emergent school of thought which formed out of the Behavior Therapy, which followed a social learning theory (Bandura, 1986). Whereas, Cognitive Therapy followed an information-processing model (Goldfried, 2003). Behavior Therapy was based upon classical conditioning and a simple stimulus-response model (Goldfried, 2003). After the addition of cognition to Behavior Therapy, CBT, the premise for humans followed a stimulus-organism-response-consequence (S-O-R-C) model. Hence, the organism in the S-O-R-C model allowed for humans to be more than just a product response to a given stimulus.
With the addition of the cognition to Behavior Therapy, theorists began to notice how individual thought about stimuli which in return affected their behaviors. A person’s self schema, the cognitive representations about their past experiences with others, situations and themselves which facilitate in their u...
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...on and necessity to understand how groups not only affect an individual, but also how an individual can affect a group.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-
Baumeister and Bushman (2011). Social Psychology and Human Nature. Belmont, CA:
Goldfried, M. R. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral therapy: Reflections on the evolution of a
therapeutic orientation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27(1), 53-69.
Locke, E. A., & Kristof, A. L. (1996). Volitional choices in the goal achievement process. In P.
M. Gollwitzer & J. A. Bargh (Eds.), The psychology of action: Linking cognition and
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