Currently, in Minnesota temperatures are rising at an alarming rate and predictions are calling for an increase of 1.5°C to 2°F in spring and summer temperatures as early as 2025-2035 and winter and fall temperatures are also expected to rise as much as 5°C to 8°C (Lenarz et al 2009). With the rising temperatures many species that need and depend on the cooler temperatures are beginning to suffer. The transition zone in Minnesota is an area full of a delicate mix of tree and grass communities that need specific temperatures, growing season lengths, and natural disturbances to maintain the delicate balance. To help maintain the balance of plant communities, many studies have reveled large and continued changes in the distribution and abundance of various plant taxa in response to climatic change (Umbanhowar Jr, 2004). The biggest occurrence that is happening ...
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...emperatures. In 2007 an aerial survey of moose populations showed a substantial decline because of climate change and malnutrition (Lenarz 2008). Climate change in wildlife species is a cumulative process that is changing the health of the moose that could possible lead to very serious illness or death.
Climate change is ushering in a host of changes in the plant and wildlife community along with these changes normal disturbance regimes and forest succession are shifting as well. Increased heat and decreased moisture have ushered in a new era of grasslands in the area and along with that have increased the threat of fire to the area. As more fires are seen small trees have no change to grow and remain forage for small to medium sized herbivores. But fire is not the only disturbance occurring in this area and comes in second of most concern, compared to the beetle.
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