The City Of Alexander The Great Essay

The City Of Alexander The Great Essay

Length: 1264 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 323 BC, under the rule of Alexander the great, the city of Gerasa was apart of the ten municipal cities that were recognized as the Decopolis. The city of Gerasa was a Hellenistic settlement and its founding years were predominately influenced by Greek culture. Eventually, the Roman Empire took control of the Decopolis and added their own temples roads and structures to pre-existing cities such as Gerasa. The year AD 106 was a monumental time for the Roman Empire as Emperor Trajan annexed parts of Arabia and southern Jordan, to expand the Empire even further. As a result of the newly created Roman province, the city of Gerasa underwent extensive expansion and re-development in the time following Trajans rule. Because the area was previously a Hellenistic settlement, this particular time period of urban morphology allowed for a unique synthesis of Hellenistic and Roman architecture. Modern day Gerasa is a product of this impressive hybridization of culture and its architecture exemplifies blend of cultures. Hadrian’s arch as well as the Temples of Artemis and Zeus were constructed in Gerasa during the reign of the Roman Empire. Today, they are some of the most impressive and important structures of the Near East. This paper will examine Garesa’s monumental buildings and unique urban planning in order gain a greater understanding of the synthesis of cultures and how the imperial city influences earlier Hellenistic settlement.
As we consider Gerasa and its unique hybridization of Hellenistic and Roman design, it is important understand the evolution of architecture within the city. The temple of Artemis is considered one of the most significant monuments of Roman religious architecture in the Near East due to its size and grand s...


... middle of paper ...


...hots.com/Jerash_Hadrians_Arch.html

Although expansion did not occur all the way to the edge of the city walls, the strategic positioning of the arch is representative of the city that the Roman Empire may have envisioned. Its architecture is not as heavily influenced by the classical world as the Temple of Artemis and Zeus, and included some elements influenced by the Nabatean culture instead. However, the arch symbolizes the expansive and ambitious development of the Roman Empires influence on Gerasa.
As we examine the pre-existing Hellenistic settlment of Gerasa it becomes clear that the Roman Empire impacted the city and its architecture significantly. A unique blend of Hellenistic and Roman design flourished during the rule of the Roman Empire, and this architectural phenomenon attributes to the impressive nature and design of the city that still exists today.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Alexander The Great 's Life Essay

- Justin Broussard Sonja Miguez English IV 4th Hour April 3, 2016 Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was born Alexander III of Macedon in a tomb in Macedonian on July 20, 356 B.C (Walbank, 1). He was a blonde with curly hair and dark eyes. His father was King Phillip II and his mother was Queen Olympia, one of King Phillip’s seven wives. Alexander did not have any full siblings, but his father had many other children with his other wives. King Phillip dealt with a lot of military campaigns when Alexander was growing up, so he never really saw his father....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

Better Essays
1519 words (4.3 pages)

Alexander Truly Was Great Essays

- Even if some tend to assume that Alexander truly was great, one cannot fully argue with the fact that Alexander had a huge ego, and he could barely maintain it himself. He was only twenty years old when he launched his invasion of the Persian Empire, and he could have had such a bright future that allowed him to deserve the title of great. Yet even Alexander’s army turned back after eight years of marching due to the fact that his ego could not wrap around the idea that all of these battles remained useless....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

Better Essays
994 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about The Rise Of Alexander The Great

- The Rise of Hellenism In regards to the Hellenistic Age, I learned about the history in Hellenistic civilization. Hellenism is the term typically to describe the spread of culture from the Greek civilization that developed after the reign of Alexander the Great. The Classical Age, referred to as Hellenic Greek, began in 507 B.C.E. and concluded in 323 B.C.E. The Hellenistic Age began in 323 B.C.E. and concluded in 31 B.C.E. after the reign of Alexander the Great. The Classical Age was ruled by the Greek civilization in Greek city states and their territories....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Alexander the Great, Roman Empire]

Better Essays
935 words (2.7 pages)

Alexander The Great : A Leader Of The Greek Kingdom Of Macedonia Essay

- Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon, also known as Alexander the Great, is one of the most successful military commanders in history. He was the leader of the Corinthian league and during his years as king he build one of the biggest empires known to humans and conquered most of the known world before his death. During Alexander’s childhood he was tutored by Aristotle in science and political arts, along with his education by Aristotle he also received physical training by a man named Leonidas, a relative of Olympias....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

Better Essays
853 words (2.4 pages)

Alexander The Great Essay

- Alexander the Great On July twentieth, 356 B.C. Alexander the Great was born. His Father was Philip, the King of Macedonia. His mother was Olympia, daughter of the late King Epirus. Alexander was quite mature for his age. At 13 he started learning from Aristotle, he was trained with other children. It was at this time that he met Hephastion, his future best Friend. Aristotle gave Alexander training in rhetoric and literature and sparked his Interest in science, medicine, and philosophy, all which became important later In his life....   [tags: Alexander Great Biography History]

Better Essays
708 words (2 pages)

Essay about Alexander The Second Of Macedon

- Alexander the 3rd of Macedon (Alexander the Great). Son the king Phillips the 2nd. Alexander was a man who thought himself to be a god, famously known for never losing a battle. A king Idolized by many throughout history and for millennial his name still alive as a result of his greatness. The Macedonia king was Born in the classical Greek period, in 356 B.C.E and his death marked the end of that same time period in 323 B.C.E. Alexander created the largest empire in the ancient world and lastly he was indeed what every conqueror would’ve ever wanted to be, a military genius, a warrior, a Pharaoh, a king, a real legend....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Ancient Greece]

Better Essays
1592 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on The Rise Of Alexander The Great

- “There is nothing impossible to him who will try.” (Alexander The Great) If anything, this quote from Alexander perfectly sums up his life. Defying the impossible was simply something the leader of one of the greatest reigns in our world 's history was bound to do. Although born in Greece in 356 BC, he comes from the state of Macedonia just north of Greece. Alexander eventually commanded a highly mobile armed force with the help of advanced military technologies for his time. The rise for Alexander was not an easy one....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Ancient Greece]

Better Essays
908 words (2.6 pages)

Alexander the Great Essay

- Alexander the Great Alexander accomplished greater deeds than, not only of the kings who had lived before him but also of those who were to come later down to our time .Alexander the Great was born at Pella Macedonia in 356 B.C.E. He spent his childhood years watching his father transforming Macedonia into a great military power. His Father was King Phillip and his mother was Olympias. His mother was the princes of neighboring Epirus. She was a deeply spiritual who taught her son about his ancestors such as Achilles and Hercules....   [tags: History Biography Alexander Great]

Free Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Alexander the Great and The Hellensitic Period Essay

- Alexander the Great sparked what was came to be known as the Hellenistic Period. This was the period after Alexander’s death when the eastern Mediterranean world cultures mixed together with Greek and Near Eastern traditions. Alexander’s aim before his death was to unite the world and its cultures. This brought upon the process of “Hellenization,” meaning Greek-like. Greek traditions had the most impact on larger populations of Egypt and southwest Asia. Those who lived a rural life did not have much interest in the Greek’s way of life....   [tags: Alexander the Great 2014]

Free Essays
379 words (1.1 pages)

Alexander The Great Essay

- Few historical figures stand out in the same degree as that of Alexander the Great. He was a warrior by 16, a commander at age 18, and was crowned King of Macedon by the time he was 20 years old. He did things in his lifetime that others could only dream about. Alexander single-handedly changed the nature of the ancient world in just over a decade. There were many attributes that made Alexander “Great.” He was a brilliant strategist and an inspired leader; he led by example and was a conqueror at heart....   [tags: World History Biography Alexander Great]

Better Essays
1624 words (4.6 pages)