Rome was the largest city in the world between 100BC-400AD. During this republic, there was a series of wars and conflict. Julius Caesar appointed himself as dictator and ruled until he was assassinated in 44BC. The Roman senate granted Octavian, Caesar’s son, imperium power under his new title Augustus. This signified an end to the Roman Republic.
Octavian enabled the long, nonviolent time of the Pax Romana, (Latin for Roman peace) by changing Rome from a frail, collapsing republican government to a powerful empire. He is known as the first, and one of the greatest, Roman Emperors ever. Octavian was born on September 23, 63 BC, and died in 14 AD. Born with the name Gaius Octavius Thurinus, he was adopted posthumously by his great-uncle Gaius Julius Caesar via his will, and then was named Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus. This happened in 44 BC when his great uncle, Julius Caesar, was assassinated by a group of conspirators.
In 44 BC Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman leader who ruled the Roman Republic as a dictator was assassinated. Rome descended into more than ten years of civil war. After years of civil war, Caesar's heir Gaius Octavius (also known as Octavian) defeated his last rivals. In 27 B.C. the Senate gave him the name Augustus, meaning the exalted or holy one.
First at all, in 753 BCE, the two brothers Romulus and Remus founded Rome, which was the origin of Roman Empire. Similarly with the other state in the peninsula, Rome was a state of the monarchy and the first king of Rome was Romulus. The Italian peninsula was in a long warfare for hundred years between states and Latin communities. Not exclusively, enemies surrounded Rome and the small state did not seem likely to become a great empire later. However, Rome located on the seven hills and deeply inland, so it had great perspective over the enemies’ attacks.
However bitter feuds grew it soon became a battle for power. After the Pax Romana ended, the next 100 years were in political turmoil. In one 50-year period, at least 26 emperors reigned and only one died of natural causes. At the same time high taxes used to support the armies began to anger the people. During this Germanic tribes were attacking the outskirts of the Roman Empire.
World History is full of empires and vast of emperors all over the territories and all over the years. The Roman Empire was an empire with many stages, many problems, many people, many enemies, an end and of course, a beginning. Octavian Augustus Caesar, or as he is commonly named, Augustus, was the first emperor of this empire. Augustus's intelligence, leadership and political ability led a devastated republic to an emerging and brilliant empire. These actions took Octavian Augustus many years and many conflicts, but at the end he left a glorious empire.
These revolts led to civil wars between Eastern and Western Roman Empires. Although the Western Empire collapsed in 476 A.D., the Eastern Roman Empire survived until 1453 A.D. Augustus, nephew of Julius Caesar, was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire and transitioned from the Republic to the Empire. Although Augustus had his name changed or modified several times through out his lifespan, the most recognized names are his birth given name, Gaius Octavius, and final nam... ... middle of paper ... ..., which caused American citizens to uproar and protest because it began the War on Terror. Just a few years ago, Obama was elected and became the first African American to be president. Obama’s first goal as president was to pulled out some of our troops Afghanistan and Iraq.
The year 509 BC Rome finally became a Republic and thus started the Roman empire. As Rome rose to power they went through many wars and many conflicts between the plebeians and patricians. The republic was made out of 3 groups, the consuls which were 2 men elected from the senate, the senate which was made of 300 patricians, and the assembly made from plebeians. Many years later Rome started to reject the republic when it went into a series of civil wars. 3 men form the first triumvirate, Julius Caesar, Pompeii, and Crassus.
Ancient Rome started as a small city-state, however through force it was established as the dominating power of the Mediterranean. Rome was founded by Romulus on April 21, 753 B.C., and reached its peak in land it controlled in around 120 A.D., and slowly fell after that. During Rome’s peak, the Roman Empire controlled all of Gaul, parts of Germania and Brittan, and most of the Mediterranean. Because the Romans controlled so much land, its important rulers, events, and religion impacted much of the world. To begin with, there were many important people in Rome.
As a young adolescent, Octavian demonstrated his leadership ability long before having thoughts of becoming the first emperor of Rome. His strengths, features, and accomplishments as a military leader show only a part of his great political skills he possessed. After the murder of Octavian’s great uncle, Julius Caesar, in 44 BC; Octavian along with Mark Antony, and Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate. The three men lead their armies into Rome. The Roman Assembly granted the Second Triumvirate full power for five years.