The foundation of the New Testament was created upon the preaching and teaching of the kingdom of God. Further, it was erected on the promise by Christ to build a church that could endure. Jesus states, “And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it” (Matt 16:18). Although Peter and the disciples were regenerated by faith, their early Judaism perspective did not hinder the manifestation of the Holy Spirit in Acts 2. Merrill Unger shares, “Like the Old Testament believers, Jesus’ disciples (Judas excepted), were born-again before their experience at Pentecost. But what happened to them at Pentecost cannot be taken as the norm for believers today.” The significance of Pentecost in Acts 2 was distinctive to the new age change taken place in early Judaism. The new covenant perspective was changing the view of God’s promise to his people and the simultaneous inauguration of the Holy Spirit.
The Significance of Pentecost
Pentecost to early Judaism was significant before the arrival of Christ, during his ministry, and after his ascension. It became a part of the community setting ushering in a time of harvesting, community connection, and celebration. This did not change during the Pentecost of Acts 2. According to Dunn, “This first Pentecost resulted in an enthusiastic community, bound together by common loyalty to the risen and soon coming Jesus and by their common experience of the Spirit.” It was the tr...
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...ace unto the induction of the Holy Spirit.
After the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, Peter addresses the crowd with a galvanizing speech through the Spirit. In this speech, he declares God’s spoken word by sharing the prophecy of Joel (Acts 2:17-21). As Joel, Peter proclaimed this to the entire house of Israel. Peter had no hesitation about connecting the two texts, but numerous questions arise because the passages do not completely overlap in their contextual meaning.
In both text, the Holy Spirit is poured out upon all flesh making Peter’s speech a significant part of the Pentecost movement. Jews from all over the area came to Jerusalem for this celebration. At this celebration, Peter was able to reengage the Jews by leading them to salvation, baptism, and indwelling of the Holy Spirit. The sermon spoken by Peter contained new revelation for the new Christian age.
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