William Marbury was appointed to be Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia, by President John Adams. However, President Adams failed to finalize his commission before leaving office. James Madison then refused to issue the documents. This is when William Marbury petitioned the Supreme Court to order James Madison, the new Secretary of State to produce the documents. The supreme court ruled that while the withholding of the documents was illegal, they did not have the authority to order Madison to produce the documents. The Supreme Court, headed by Chief Justice John Marshall would not order James Madison to produce the commission for Marbury, but instead stated that it was unconstitutional for Marbury to bring his case to the Supreme Court. This was because the Judiciary Act of 1798 was found to be unconstitutional because it exceeded the powers of the court that was stated in the Constitution. Marshall stated in his decision that, "In denying his request, the Court held that it lacked jurisdiction because Section 13 of the Judiciary Act passed by Congress in 1789, which authorized the Court to issue such a writ, was unconstitutional and thus invalid.” (Duignan,2009)
Marbury vs. Madison was so monumental because it was the first time that it was found that the Constitution and Judiciary Act conflict. Marshall then concluded that Judiciary Acts do not trump the Constitution. This means that if an act of congress contradicts the...
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...was to have the power to legislate. Allowing the Supreme Court to overturn passed laws, that were the will of the people and make them null and void, leave some to feel this has upset the balance of powers between the three legislative branches. (Coffey, 2012) President Jefferson disagreed with the ruling of Marbury vs. Madison, and even tried to have it overturned, though it was unsuccessful due to the lack of congressional support to make a constitutional amendment allowing it to be overturned.
Today it is accepted by most, that the Supreme Court has final authority over the United States law. Even though Marbury v. Madison happened many years ago, it still plays a pivotal role in our current government. The ruling of Marbury v. Madison set the precedent allowing the people of the United States, our legislation, and government to all be subject to judicial review.
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- The case of Marbury v. Madison was a monumental United States Supreme Court case. It is the case to which judicial review came to be. The case was brought to the Supreme Court by William Marbury against James Madison. It was a critical ruling based on interpretation, and still impacts modern law. William Marbury was appointed to be Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia, by President John Adams. However, President Adams failed to finalize his commission before leaving office. James Madison then refused to issue the documents.... [tags: Supreme Court of the United States]
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