Carthage vs. Rome; the Punic Wars Essay

Carthage vs. Rome; the Punic Wars Essay

Length: 2042 words (5.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Carthage vs. Rome; the Punic Wars
Over the course of one-hundred years the Mediterranean antiquity was rocked by an ancient cold war between the North African seafaring state of Carthage, and the newly rising city of Rome located on the Italian Peninsula. In the course of two major wars and one extended three year long siege of Carthage itself Rome would conquer its last major foe and turn the Mediterranean into a Roman lake.
As what happens so often, history is written by the side who wins and in the case of the Punic Wars and Carthage itself most of the information available today comes from Roman sources and authors whose knowledge has been passed down through the ages. According to legend Carthage was initially settled as a Phoenician trading colony (the word “Punic” is Latin for Phoenician) in 813 B.C by the Phoenician Queen Elissa (Mark). From Carthage’s prime location as a trade port its power and prestige grew rather quickly and its expansion brought the city into conflict with another growing ambitious city state called Rome.
At the epicenter of Carthage was its massive, extensive trading port, which incorporated a large circle copied from Greek Architecture that was able to accommodate more than 220 ships of varying sizes (Mark). It would from this port that Carthage would accumulate its wealth and come to be the dominant naval and trade power of the Mediterranean. Along with its strong navy Carthage used large numbers of mercenaries to bolster its land forces and extend its influence to islands abroad.
The story of the Roman Republic, and later the Roman Empire has been well documented throughout the ages. The brothers Romulus and Remus were orphaned as infants but found by a she-wolf and raised to adulthood;...

... middle of paper ...

...rks, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2014.
"Punic Wars." History Curriculum Homeschool. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
Warmington, B. H. Carthage. New York: Praeger, 1960. Print.
Polybius, and W. R. Paton. Polybius. The Histories. London: Heinemann, 1960. Print.
Hasdrubal, Ali. "The Second Punic War." The Second Punic War. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2014.
Wallinga, Herman Tammo. The Boarding-bridge of the Romans: Its Construction and Its Function in the Naval Tactics of the First Punic War. Groningen: J.B. Wolters, 1956. Print.
Spielvogel, Jackson J. Western Civilization. Minneapolis/St. Paul: West, 1994. Print.
Knox, E.L. "The Punic Wars." Hannibal Crosses the Alps. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2014.
Lazenby, John F. Hannibal's War: A Military of the Second Punic War. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1978. Print.
Mellor, Ronald. The Roman Historians. London: Routledge, 1999. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay How the Punic Wars Changed Rome and Carthage

- How the Punic Wars Changed Rome and Carthage The Punic Wars were a series of wars that destroyed an empire. The three wars were fought between Rome and Carthage. The First Punic War started in 264 B.C. with a dispute over land in Sicily. These wars had a major effect showing that Rome was a dominant force. These wars also gave Rome land stretching from Italy down the eastern coast of Spain and through northern Africa until Carthage, Tunisia. This gave Rome much more power and resources. The First Punic War started over a land dispute in Sicily....   [tags: ancient history]

Powerful Essays
1061 words (3 pages)

Ancient Greece Vs. Rome Essay

- When thinking about Greece and Rome, it’s known that they were similar but also were very different in many ways, down to philosophers to architectural building styles, all the way to clothing styles. But which was better at keeping a balanced civilization. Ancient Greece was located on the islands of the Aegean Sea, and on the rocky peninsula in the eastern Mediterranean Sea which made Greece isolated. While Rome was located with mountains on the east and a sea to the west of it. This gave enemies access to them from the north and south....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Carthage, Punic Wars]

Powerful Essays
1282 words (3.7 pages)

The Battle Of The Punic Wars Essay

- ... On top of Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily being handed over to Roman control, a border was also drawn in Iberia, what is now modern day Spain, along the Ebro river, with the Romans controlling the North, and the Carthaginians the South. Following the war, this mindset of increasing security through conquest led the Romans to push the Gauls back to the Alps, as well as the establishment of good relations with Illyricum peoples and the conquest of Adriatic islands such as Pharos. This mindset of conquest did not end here, as later on after the second and third wars, if we include all the land conquered from wars that occurred in between the Punic wars, Rome’s total amount of land conquered w...   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Carthage]

Powerful Essays
889 words (2.5 pages)

The Punic Wars : A View from the Carthaginians Essay

- The ancient city of Carthage was one of great splendor and magnificence. Carthage thrived on trade throughout the Mediterranean basin. Trade was how their empire had been built. Carthage dominated the Mediterranean basin for centuries until another empire began to rise. Rome began to build their empire upon trade as well. With the building of an empire, Rome built an extraordinary military, as did Carthage. Since trade was vital to the expansion of both empires, the island of Sicily fell under watchful eyes....   [tags: Carthage, trade, Mediterranean, Rome]

Powerful Essays
1129 words (3.2 pages)

Essay Carthage And The Punic Wars

- Carthage was first founded as a trading post in the year of 814 BC. Carthage was founded by the Phoenician Princess Elyssa-Dido on a peninsula from Africa which extends into the Mediterranean Sea. According to legend Elyssa_Dido fled from her brother Pygmalion, the king of Tyre, after he killed her husband. The post benefited from the vast market for the goods that it traded and grew in importance quickly. It first had warehouses in which raw metals and finished metal products which the Phoenicians used and had made were stored....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
1242 words (3.5 pages)

Can Rome 's Action Towards Carthage Be Described As Defensive Imperialism?

- Can Rome 's action towards Carthage be described as defensive imperialism. Rome 's action towards Carthage throughout the Punic Wars cannot be considered defensive imperialism, due to the strong military culture, expansionist aims and profit based attitudes of Roman society. Rome demonstrated traditional imperialism by extending their power and influence through means of colonisation and military force. Rome 's objective in the Punic Wars was to strategically subordinate Carthage, to increase their level of influence and improve their position on the world stage....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Second Punic War]

Powerful Essays
2063 words (5.9 pages)

Essay on Analysis of the Three Punic Wars

- The first Punic war started like this...Tradition holds that Phoenician settlers from the Mediterranean port of Tyre founded the city-state of Carthage on the northern coast of Africa, around 814 B.C. By 265 B.C. Carthage was the wealthiest and most advanced city in the region, as well as its leading naval power. Though Carthage had clashed violently with several other powers in the region, its relations with Rome were historically friendly, and the cities had signed several treaties defining trading rights over the year ....   [tags: punic war, carthage, numidia]

Powerful Essays
660 words (1.9 pages)

The Punic Wars Essay

- Discuss the Punic Wars. What caused the conflicts between Carthage and Rome. What were the consequences for both sides. There was a series of three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome with the first occurring between 264 BCE and the last one ending in 146 BCE. The reasoning and motives for the three wars varies. However, no matter what the motives of the wars were, the end result was the defeat and total destruction of the Carthaginian civilization. Essentially, the conflict arose from the clash of economic interests....   [tags: World History]

Powerful Essays
964 words (2.8 pages)

The Punic Wars Essay

- 1-examine the reasons for Rome becoming involved in the first Punic war with Carthage in 264 BC. Consider how far the clash was inevitable, or whether one side could be considered the aggressor. Analyse the reasons for Rome's eventual success. 2-'His coureer was a failure but of the most spectacular kind'. Is this a fair assessment of Hannibal. Analyse Hannibal's greatness and also the reasons for his ultimate failure. 3-Account for the outbreak of war between Rome and Carthage in 218 BC. Examine how far this second punic War was caused....   [tags: History]

Free Essays
288 words (0.8 pages)

Punic Wars Essay

- Discuss the Roman Punic Wars, in terms of their circumstances and overall effect on Rome’s economic and social development Also discuss the ensuing “Gracchan turbulence” from the same perspective. The circumstance for the Roman Punic Wars towards Rome was a simple human reaction. If an outsider such as Italy, Carthage, or Greece make threats towards Rome, Rome will simply fight. The Punic Wars lasted in 3 stages, all resulting to the obsessive pride and higher standings of Rome. Rome’s initial desire of expansion was only for farming land....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
924 words (2.6 pages)